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  • How to Spot and Stalk Elk
    is what most hunters go with nowadays It s easier and safer to buy a manufactured treestand and carry it in to the forest than the other way Expert hunters advise to set treestands well in advance of any hunting several weeks or months in areas that elk are known to eat and then to wait until conditions are just right before journeying to your teestand and getting set up to stakeout the area Conditions are right for hunting elk from a treestand when you know that elk should be in that area based on the season as well as when the wind is in your favor and finally following a storm Elk will typically bed down during heavy rain but as soon as the rain lets up or is just a drizzle many hunters say that s some of the best hunting they ve seen as elk come out to feed Heavy rainfall can provide a good noise cover to get you to a distant treestand without being heard by elk as again during heavy rain many are likely to bed down and there s a good chance they won t be near your treestand when they do Heavy rainfall is a great opportunity to trek into the forest and get into your treestand without alerting elk that you re in the area Hunt Smarter Experts advise to place treestands many weeks or months before you actually plan on hunting in a specific area That way treestands are already in place when you show up and settle in for a long day s stakeout from the treestand Wait until conditions are just right which means weather more on that below and wind direction are in your favor Wait until the setting is just right also that means the area you plan to hunt in has had minimal or no human activity in quite some time Finally if there is going to be any human activity in the months and weeks leading up to you hunting from one of these treestands you ve placed well in advance it should only be to place food that elk eat around the area Let elk become accustomed to eating in the area you want to hunt of course this may not work for migratory elk as many may not be in the area at certain times of the year but for some elk in some areas of wilderness this may work very well It can work very well with deer Elk Feed Elk Pellets Modern day sports hunters as well as ranches that sell access to professional hunting guides often use elk feed elk pellets to make their land popular with elk they ll place this feed throughout the property in view of a treestand for example and get elk accustomed to eating safely on their land well before hunting season starts As hunting season nears this practice becomes illegal because at this point you re using bait in a time of collapse

    Original URL path: http://www.secretsofsurvival.com/survival/elk-hunting-spot-and-stalk.html (2016-02-14)
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  • How to Hunt Elk in the High Country
    may enable you to move within range of a shot for those times you re trailing an elk rather than waiting up in a treestand Practice your elk calls at home before you ever get out to the wilderness Buy a DVD on hunting elk and on that DVD make sure that actual elk calls are included listen closely and then practice your calls after a few days or weeks of practice let your wife or one of your friends rate the sound of your elk call Play some pranks on your neighbors Whatever it takes Once you ve got it down practice your calls from time to time so your new ability doesn t get rusty Check out major outfitters like Cabelas for elk calls and then search for the best price on Amazon Dealing with Wolves and Predators when Hunting With the re introduction of wolves into the Rocky Mountains in recent decades you may hear wolf howls from time to time if you re in the Rockies Wolves are going to spook elk and during the rut elk are likely to quiet down and hide themselves and wait for the wolves who are typically nomadic to pass through the area If you hear wolves in the area it might be best to hold off on hunting and just wait a few days yourself preferably safely back at camp or even high up in a tree It s common knowledge that wolves in the wild can be dangerous even though most keep their distance from humans presently there have been reports though of wolves stalking people and in a time of collapse there s a chance that wolves might be a lot more dangerous than they currently are today I explain why in another article Wolves have killed people in the past Learning how to build a temporary shelter high up in the trees might be a smart way to avoid any predators prowling the forest below though cougars can climb trees also At the least high up in the trees you re off the ground and less likely to fall prey to wolves or grizzlies or other predators that appear Signs of Elk Bulls have antlers and shed the velvety covering each year when they do they ll rub their antlers vigorously on trees and brush leaving clear signs that they were there Bark will be scraped away branches broken recognize these as signs that elk are in the area or have frequented that area in the past If you re near the mountains and down in the lowlands when you spot these signs of elk most likely elk are in the area during the winter months when snow fall in the mountains pushes them to lower elevations Consider the season as well as land elevation in the general area as well as any drainage basins when deciding when and where to place treestands that as experts have advised you ll use a few months later when

    Original URL path: http://www.secretsofsurvival.com/survival/elk-hunting-high-country.html (2016-02-14)
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  • Hunting Big Game: Final Points About Hunting Elk
    to avoid being shot by any missed shots as bullets and or arrows streak across the landscape If you have circled a herd with 30 50 elk in it there s a good chance that this could result in the death of 4 5 bulls enough meat to feed your camp for several weeks Like I said though this method is all theory and it applies to a time of hunting following a collapse of government and it may break several game laws that exist today it s your entire camp migrating over many weeks and months with migrating elk The first time your group tries to circle in on 30 50 elk could be a complete failure Or it might be a success Wind will be a factor noise and each hunter s ability to move quietly will be a factor terrain camouflage and scent will all be a factor USGS Maps Reveal Elk Territory Outdoor Life reports that a study of United States Geological Survey maps reveals a great way to determine elk locations based on the landscape See Finding and Scouting Elk Elk Population in Canada and United States by province and state Elk Hunt Forecast 2011 Final Points About Elk Hunting What makes good elk hunting When there is little pressure from other hunters in the land Human activity will push elk and deer out of the area or they ll simply start eating at night and bedding down all day Expert hunters talk about huge bulls deer and elk that they know are in the land but say have a strong survival sense and are able to avoid hunters The reason they re so large is because no one has been able to kill them So what would it take to land one of these large bulls You might need night vision goggles and a willingness to apply everything you ve learned about hunting to the late evening hours and well after dark In the early days of a widespread disaster and the collapse of government if you have to live off the land the national parks may have the best hunting But only for a short period of time The reason is this elk and deer and even antelope in some areas and big horn sheep and other wildlife are not accustomed to being hunted though they may be familiar with the smell of hikers This means that you may be able to take down an animal without having to worry about being downwind as much initially that is Once animals in the national parks have associated the scent of humans with danger then that will be the end of that Remote areas that have no roads that back up to a national park for example Yellowstone could become great areas for hunting If you re going to live in the land though care for your hunting areas in the same way that professional guides do Provide food feed and pellets for example for

    Original URL path: http://www.secretsofsurvival.com/survival/elk-hunting-big-game.html (2016-02-14)
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  • 15 Steps to Starting a Fire Without a Match - Flint and Primitive Fire Making
    3 Place that moss within a pile of dry dirt and cover it over Flatten out the moss so that it s not bunched up 4 Grab a large rock dry it off with a shirt first if it s wet and then begin to pound the dirt with the rock where the moss is covered This is what s happening As you pound dry dirt into the moss you re ringing out the moss like you would a wet rag Keep pounding it At the same time you re creating a small amount of heat from the force of impact which will aid in the drying of the moss by pounding the dirt Remove the moss and move it to another patch of dry dirt Keep pounding it By the time you re done you should have semi dry moss moss that may be dry enough to burn Do this with pine needles as well and also small twigs which will be your first pieces of kindling A second way to dry out moss and damp dead grass is by using your open palm to rub these pieces of tinder very fast against your leg The same physics of friction that go into a rug burn can be used to dry out small amounts of moss and grass For best effect or any effect your pants need to be dry 1 Place the tinder ingredients on your leg and with your palm down start rubbing your hand against the tinder very quickly and continue to rub until you feel heat from the friction on your palm now you know it s working Now you know the friction is generating heat 2 Continue to rub your hand fast against your leg the moss and grass and pine needles will begin to heat up under your hand effectively slowly drying the moss grass and other tinder debris until each bit of moss and grass is dry or semi dry 2 Making a Tinder Bundle Once you ve collected enough dried tinder to ignite you still need more dried tinder to now feed this tiny fire while following up with small pieces of kindling twigs and larger sticks The first step of working with tinder is to create a tinder bundle Often this works best with dried grass or dried moss and even a few dead and dry pine needles mentioned above though green pine needles right off a tree branch can work as well A tinder bundle is needed when you don t have any paper to burn paper is popular with people who camp recreationally paper is not generally used as tinder by survivalists as survivalists usually want to know how to make a fire using primitive methods such as collecting natural tinder from the forest and then setting it on fire with a spark rather than by using a lighter Tip Cattail fluff makes great tinder as well look far and wide for cattails you ll usually find them growing near ponds and even lakes and sometimes rivers Tip Look for conifers as these are trees that can have sap pitch present Within the sap is a substance known as resin which burns well once lit Added to your tinder bundle your tinder bundle can burn longer and hotter helping a fire come to life Conifers are trees that have cones commonly called pinecones though not all conifers are pine trees Some conifers are spruce Douglas fir cedar hemlock yew larch Monkey puzzle Tree Norfolk Island Pine and Bald Cypress Some trees like pitch pines form thick layers of pitch which is easily harvested right off the side of the bark of the tree Douglas fir which produces the richest most flammable pitch on the other hand has the most available pitch in stumps and logs which you may need to cut into Other places to find conifers with resin for harvesting is at log jams along rivers or where logs have been washed ashore in previous months Collect resin in cans and save for future fire making needs 3 Tee Pee Fire A standard tee pee shaped arrangement of thin sticks with air between the sticks so the fire can breathe is probably the most popular method of starting a fire in the wilderness it s without a doubt a proven method you should know That first tee pee of sticks will be built over your tinder and tinder bundle A second tee pee with longer and slightly bigger sticks will be built over the first tee pee effectively creating a second layer of sticks The key though is to leave space for the fire to breath one way to do this is by not using too many sticks and piling them too close together If the wood is completely dry then spacing may not be an issue often though you may be dealing with sticks that are partially damp not completely dry This could be the case in the hours following a rain storm or a morning with low clouds and condensation on the ground 4 Give Your Fire Room to Breathe It Needs Oxygen With a second larger tee pee built over this first tee pee there should be enough air flow to get a good fire going one that you ll be able to feed bigger sticks into and finally actual tree limbs and last any logs you ve found or driftwood Driftwood is Great For a Fire Driftwood that s been on shore for a few weeks or months can make great fuel for a fire that you can keep burningfor many hours You ll often find driftwood near a beach or riverbank If it s only recently made it to shore it may be water logged however meaning the log is soaked with water You ll know if it s water logged when you pick it up Dry driftwood is relatively light driftwood that is full of moisture on the inside is much heavier Don t give up on that water soaked log quite yet You can set it next to your fire and let it begin to dry out from the nearby heat If you plan to be there for a few days you can place any wet logs you find near the fire and begin the process of drying them out while you burn through any drier pieces of wood you find After a few days or maybe a just a few hours those large soaked logs will be dry enough to begin feeding into the fire 5 Tricks to Drying Out Wet Tinder If you re in the mountains or in the wilderness you should always have a change of dry clothes and of course backpack to carry water a map compass and basic emergency supplies for the outdoors If for some reason all you have on is the clothes on your back hopefully you re at least wearing layers one two or three shirts for example and one or two pairs of pants If you plan to be anywhere near the mountains then you should always have extra clothes with you The safest thing to do with these clothes is keep them wrapped in a garbage bag that s tied shut to protect from moisture in the event you should fall in a creek or river then you ll have dry clothes to put on after your fall which will help you avoid hypothermia in cold conditions If you have dry clothes handy we need to look at these now for drying out wet tinder 1 Lay these extra clothes out on a dry area of ground or under a tree and out of the rain 2 Spread out the tinder you ve collected on top of the dry clothing and now ball that clothing up as tight as you can What you re trying to do is ring out moisture from your wet tinder and transfer it to your clothing 3 Once you ve done that your tinder should be slightly drier collect it and move it to another piece of dry clothing you have Repeat step 2 After you ve done this if you have a third piece of dry clothing you can use repeat step 2 again That s three times you would have rung out your wet tinder By now your tinder is a bit drier though it may not be all the way dry 4 The next step will involve rubbing your hands together using a little bit of tinder piece by piece This entire step may take 5 10 minutes but by the time you re done guess what you may have enough dry tinder for a tinder bundle that it may now catch a spark If the rain is coming down build your fire underneath a tree with good ground cover keeping the rain off your tinder and kindling pile If there is no good tree cover build a primitive shelter out of tree branches moss and patches of dirt and even bark use whatever you can find to build a slanted structure with an open face that will give the fire you re building protection from the rain 6 Rubbing Your Palms Together to Create Friction Have you ever rubbed your palms together and noticed how much heat from friction is generated Now you know why people out in the snow without winter gloves will rub their hands together it s an attempt to warm up cold hands The faster you rub them the more heat that is generated You re going to use this same principle to dry out some of that tinder you ve been drying by first balling up ring out into your dry clothes After being balled up rung out in your clothing the tinder is already partially dry 6 Next take a few pieces of grass or leaves from that tinder and rub them briskly between the palms of your hands Be patient Do this for as long as it takes to dry out small bits of tinder Set it down in a dry area and continue to work on the tinder bundle until you have a generous amount of dried tinder ready to catch a spark Keep in mind that this requires a few minutes of patience you are generating heat from the friction of your hands being rubbed together while also breaking down the tinder into smaller bits and pieces both drying the tinder and making it thinner and easier to catch a spark 7 Kindling and Wet Kindling Here s the tricky part about starting a fire in the rain you can have a dry tinder bundle ready to catch a spark and produce a flame but if your kindling is damp the small flame from burning tinder may not be hot enough to dry the kindling out and actually start it on fire Here s how to make your kindling more apt to burn once your tinder bundle has been lit 1 Twigs and small sticks have a thin bark with interior wood it s that thin bark that we need to dry out first Take each twig and roll it up in a piece of dry clothing a sweatshirt or sock for example and squeeze tightly you re trying to ring out the stick s moisture into the piece of clothing wrapped around it When you ve got a small pile of dry sticks you re now ready to start a fire and your chances of success improve 2 Have very small pieces of kindling such as twigs and then some small branches ready to feed to the fire once those twigs are burning Once those small branches catch fire you should have enough heat to fuel a growing fire where you pile on leaving enough space between branches for the fire to breath more small branches that are at least semi dry 3 Search far and wide for semi dry pieces of kindling Don t rush this fire don t try to put it together in 5 minutes if the conditions are damp Take 30 minutes or even an hour putting together a dry tinder bundle and stack of kindling following the steps above Nothing is more frustrating than being cold and wet in the wilderness and unable to start a fire because the tinder is too damp or the kindling is too damp or both 8 Starting a Fire in the Snow If you re going to learn and train yourself in the ways of survival wilderness survival you should take the time to consider the harsh conditions that you can face at higher elevations The Cascade Mountains in the Pacific Northwest have a reputation for creating their own weather The mountain range is so big and many of the peaks reach 7 000 10 000 feet in height with Mount Rainier reaching over 14 000 feet that it can be warm and sunny in the lowlands but a sudden storm you weren t prepared for or heard anything about on the radio can suddenly take place once you re in these mountains Down comes the rain or depending on the season it may be snow These aren t the only mountains that can create their own weather That is true for many large mountain ranges whether it s the Rockies stretching through Montana Wyoming and Colorado the Sierra Nevadas in California or even the Appalachians running through numerous states on the East Coast A Fire Will Keep You Alive in the Snow If you find yourself in the snow and having to build a shelter and of course a warm fire to get yourself through the day and night the same steps you ve taken above can also be taken to dry out tinder and kindling You ll need dry clothing or simply need to have on extra layers of clothes that you can remove and begin balling up your tinder in and then your kindling You ll want to dry out a generous amount of tinder and tinder bundle rub your hands briskly generating friction drying out each piece of grass leaf moss and small twigs until they re dry enough to catch a spark If you don t see any brush you may have to dig down underneath the snow If you re in a snowfield head for the nearest trees and look for brush there you may have your best chances of finding it If not you can dig into the tree bark and limbs above with your knife for shavings and strips of wood 9 Last Step of Making a Fire in Rainy Wet Conditions Blow on the coal that forms from the spark that hits your tinder That spark is going to need air to go from coal first step of ignition to flame second step Fire can t exist without oxygen Even though there s oxygen in the air it is greatly helped when you blow directly on the coal that forms when the spark first hits the tinder bundle 10 How to Tell if Your Tinder Bundle is Dry Enough to Start a Fire 1 This one s easy If a coal forms once you ve set a spark to the tinder bundle it should be dry enough to burn 2 If no coal forms after a few sparks hit the tinder bundle then it s probably not dry enough Repeat the process mentioned above for drying tinder 11 Additional Tips for Finding Dry Tinder and Kindling 1 Look closely at the landscape and at the trees themselves look for dry moss dry moss burns easily look for trees with good ground cover under some of these trees you may find that the ground and tree trunk are dry even when much of the forest is damp or being rained on 2 Look for dry or semi dry tinder and kindling around the bases of these trees 3 If you have a knife which you should you re in the mountains remember cut away at the bark around the base of the tree and break it vertically into small long pieces Use your knife to cut these pieces of bark into thin strips These thin strips can be used as both tinder and kindling To use as kindling simply pile up a number of these strips To use as tinder simply pull each strip apart to thread size strips so thin you can tie a knot that s how thin you ll want to get these strips of wood if you want to use them as tinder 4 To ensure you re able to start a fire on the first try be patient with this process and accumulate more tinder and kindling then you think you need That way you have extra tinder and extra kindling to feed that first attempt at a fire greatly improving the chances of success of it turning into an actual campfire that you re able to feed larger branches and logs into and maintain a good fire that burns into the later hours of the night or even all night if you have collected an ample supply of firewood 12 Using the Sun to Dry Out Tinder If the sun is out round up a few big rocks with flat sides and lay these out next to each other Next lay out moss and dead grass and twigs on the face of these rocks facing the sun As the day goes on and the sun shines you should find that your tinder is drying out even if it s cold outside The sun s rays should be powerful enough to dry your tinder The more rocks you layout and the more moss grass and twigs that are used the more dry tinder you should have by the end of the day Smash a rock against another rock with damp grass in between the two The

    Original URL path: http://www.secretsofsurvival.com/survival/tinder-kindling-start-a-fire.html (2016-02-14)
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  • Midland 36-Mile 50-Channel Two-Way Radio

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    Original URL path: /survival-gear/Midland-36-Mile-50-Channel-Two-Way-Radio.html (2016-02-14)


  • How to Survive a Tornado Apocalypse
    of a major city like Los Angeles Portland or Seattle Or perhaps you live on the East Coast and in the suburbs of Boston New York City or Philadelphia You ve only seen massive tornadoes on television news reports when communities states and regions have been laid waste even in the last few months You know that residents in the city now being laid waste are living through a time of terror and many are losing their lives You count five no make that six tornadoes three of them are moving in your general direction inland the direction away from the coast Fear and terror grip your family You don t live in a tornado zone You don t have a basement with a locking door that you and your family can flee to and escape the destruction from above Your neighbors haven t secured their homes and trailers their barbecues or children s toy equipment that dot lawns All of these FEMA reports are missiles waiting to be launched waiting to destroy and take lives It s loose items such as these that are said to be the most dangerous in a tornado Surviving the Tornadoes Living in a non tornado zone most homes just don t have the places of protection such as a safe room that has been built within a home to withstand a tornado and so families are going to have to make due with improvising It s reported that laying in a bath tub can offer some protection though of course it s not always guaranteed Plus you wouldn t want to lay in a bath tub on the top floor of your home Instead experts advise for you to choose the lowest floor to seek shelter An adult and a small child can squeeze into an empty bathtub together and just hope and pray that the tornado will not take their lives If possible pull a mattress and blankets into the bathroom with you and cover yourselves to help protect from flying debris Another area recommended by experts is a small closet on the ground floor within the interior of your home where you re also advised to cover yourself with a blanket or anything you can get your hands on to protect from flying debris Avoid a room in your home where large appliances are in the room above Should the floor collapse as the house sways on it s foundations those appliances could come down on you Look for a Nearby Ditch or Culvert There may be a ditch just outside your home with a large pipe running under your driveway called a culvert Or perhaps there s a culvert just a block or two away a larger one culverts in many neighborhoods have a smaller opening than culverts often in the rural areas or those outside a housing development These most often carry water run off that drains into ditches sometimes these pipes are open with nothing blocking them other

    Original URL path: http://www.secretsofsurvival.com/survival/tornado-apocalypse.html (2016-02-14)
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  • Tornado Survival Tips
    Often they think that if they ve survived the initial stormfront then the danger has passed Not true as in that situation the tornado is actually at the tail end of the storm and it s easy to be lulled into a false sense of safety that the danger has passed them by Mammatus cloudsHere s a radar image of the 99 Moore tornado that shows a textbook example of what I m talking about Also it illustrates the calm gap between the bulk of the supercell and the tornado which is tagging along as indicated by the hook echo Not all tornados form from supercells but the ones that do tend to be the most devastating 2 Tornadoes are often wrapped in rain and hidden from view so just because one isn t visible it doesn t mean that there s not one hidden inside an intense rain shaft Don t take chances on it as many people have discovered over the years 3 Many people assume that if they can visibly see a tornado and it appears to be moving away from them then they re out of immediate danger Not true as a rotating mesocyclone can drop satellite tornadoes several miles from the main funnel which happened on May 3rd Also long track tornadoes often lift and then reform and drop down at different locations within the mesocyclone So it s a good idea to also keep an eye on what s going on directly overhead 4 One other thing you might want to mention is a common misconception many people have that taking shelter under an overpass will protect you It won t and is more likely to get you killed Many people still believe that tornadoes will vacuum them up into the vortex and that a solid overhead structure will protect them But that s not the way they work They lift things into the air by sweeping them up from the side and then tossing them outside the funnel Overpasses actually make things worse due to the wind tunnel effect where the restricted space actually increases the wind speed At least 3 people died in the 99 outbreak from being swept from beneath overpasses You may recall the now famous 1991 video taken by a pair of reporters on a Kansas turnpike in the 90s where they took shelter under an overpass and filmed the tornado going over them YouTube video of tornado here assuming it works since YouTube is acting goofy today Problem was that it was a weak tornado F 1 or so didn t pass directly over them and the overpass was built with steel beams that offered them some lateral protection from the winds However it just added to the myth that overpasses were a good source of shelter Here s another overpass video but not of the same one It was obviously after the 91 video as by then word had got out that seeking shelter beneath overpasses was a no no This is evidenced by the state trooper who drove by after the tornado passed and scolded the people there via loudspeaker And one other link from NOAA Ok and now a few points I might dispute from the article or that you might wish to reconsider or add as an alternate suggestion and again I mean this only as constructive criticism Your original text in italics 1 If you ve heard there s a tornado warning in your area call your local emergency management office or American Red Cross chapter about it if you care to know more Also ask about community warning signals If you are under a tornado warning the last thing you need to be doing is calling anyone about anything especially local emergency management unless it s to report a tornado you ve spotted and then only if you re sure you re completely out of danger Instead you should be taking cover plus it ties up emergency resources All of the information you need should be thought out well in advance and whatever shelter you ve designated should already be stocked with a radio and sufficient emergency supplies since you won t have time to be racing around trying to collect them before the tornado hits Also and this is an often overlooked suggestion is that wherever you decide to take shelter it d be a good idea to have a really loud air horn prepositioned and within reach The reason for this is because even if you ve managed to survive the storm you may end up under piles of debris or can t get out of your basement or storm cellar because of debris piled on top An air horn will let rescuers know where you re at Also if you re in an area served by natural gas utilities no smoking and no kerosene lamps Quite often natural gas lines are broken during severe tornadoes and it can take a while before the utility companies to shut down the mains Plus despite what you wrote about learning how to shut down your utilities you may not have that option if the controls have been swept away with your house In the 99 tornado numerous houses went up in flames after it passed and in a couple of instances some burned down days afterwards when electricity was finally restored and ignited gas lines that were broken but hadn t been shut off 2 If there s one constant with a twister it s the sound that accompanies the tornado it has most often been described as a deep rumble that builds into a roar Actually that s not the case They can have many different sounds or in some cases none at all especially if one drops down directly on you In both cases where I was in the houses hit by tornadoes there was absolutely no sound until they actually hit One made a big boom as it crushed

    Original URL path: http://www.secretsofsurvival.com/survival/tornado_survival_tips.html (2016-02-14)
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  • Carbon Steel Open Head Drum, 30 Gallons

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    Original URL path: /survival-gear/Carbon-Steel-Open-Head-Drum-30-Gallons.html (2016-02-14)




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