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  • Military Sealift Command’s Tanker Fleet: Sea Services Con-Ops Drives Up Demand | SLDInfo
    on distributed operations and lethality provided by a widely distributed fleet will drive up demand on an already stretched MSC fleet And there is a clear need to fund fully the new class of Supply class fast combat support ships The new T AOE class has the speed to keep up with the carrier strike groups She rapidly replenishes Naval task forces She receives petroleum products ammunition and stores from shuttle ships and redistributes these items simultaneously to carrier strike group ships This reduces the vulnerability of serviced ships by reducing alongside time There really is no alternative but to fund the logistics fleet more substantially and to aid the civilian marine industry to generate the requisite pool of civilian mariner talent Without the logistics base necessary for globally distributed operations it will be necessary simply to cut back the tasks and operational reach of the sea services The expenditure on the land wars has clearly challenged the future of the sea services notably with regard to its logistical support structure Editors note Unlike civilian Super Tankers that go 16 knots Navy tankers can make 20 kts to more quickly service a wildly distributed fleet This enables global reach in an extended ocean battlespace The following story also highlights the various roles of a tanker on station U S 5th Fleet Public Affairs MANAMA Bahrain French Ship Dupleix D 641 and USNS Kanawha T AO 196 responded to a distress call from a North Korean flagged merchant vessel at approximately 6 26 pm local time in the Arabian Sea June 25 The vessel reported that it was anchored with a weak mooring line disabled diesel engine no food or water and was in danger of sinking The sea conditions were unstable with waves eight to 12 feet high 83205 random 1 0 5 0 Unable to locate nearby assistance Combined Task Force CTF 150 directed a rendezvous with the distressed vessel to take its crew of 13 Indians two Burmese and one Sri Lankan on board The vessel reported it was unable to evacuate its crew with its own lifeboats prompting Dupleix and Kanawha to use their rigid hull inflatable boats RHIB At approximately 9 35 pm Dupleix and Kanawha launched RHIBs and evacuated all 16 crew members safely The crew members were transferred to authorities in Salalah Oman Considering the weather conditions in the area Kanawha and Dupleix undertook a tough nighttime rescue operation which tested the limits of the RHIB said Rene Jean Crignola Dupleix commanding officer The prompt assistance of Kanawha successfully allowed us to expedite the rescue and get all crew members transferred safely within 50 minutes CTF 150 commanded by French Rear Adm Alain Hinden is responsible for maritime operations in the Gulf of Oman Gulf of Aden the Red Sea the North Arabian Sea and parts of the Indian Ocean And in a recent exercise in the Pacific a commercial tanker refueled an MSC tanker In an article published October 28 2015 the event was described In a rare occurrence a Maersk tanker refueled a Military Sealift Command oiler while at sea during an exercise in international waters off the coast of Japan earlier this month the U S Navy said Wednesday The exercise marks just the second time in the last 15 years that a U S Navy tanker conducted fueling operations with a commercial vessel at sea The operation part of a four day training event took place off Sasebo Japan on October 22nd and involved the USNS Tippecanoe T AOP 99 and the U S flagged tanker Maersk Peary which has been contracted to MSC Typically MSC oilers like Tippecanoe are required to dock pier side at one of the Navy s Defense Fuel Support Points said Navy Captain Philippe Grandjean assistant chief of staff for logistics for the COMLOG WESTPAC The capability exercised during this training evolution pushes the Navy s ability to refuel at sea via commercial tankers and furthers the vision of a distributed agile logistics concept The Navy explains that under certain circumstances it wants to ensure that it has the flexibility to provide the best assets as possible even if that means turning to commercial sector for fuel After all the U S 7th fleet which operates in the Indo Asia Pacific region covers an area of 48 million square miles that s almost 13 times the size of the continental United States Our replenishment oiler crews must be proficient in receiving fuel from commercial tankers in case for some reason a natural disaster for example a vital asset cannot make it into port to refuel explained Cmdr Michael Wilson deputy assistant chief of staff for logistics for COMLOG WESTPAC These operations provide MSC with flexibility in providing operational support to the 7th Fleet in any situation Maersk Peary is under a long term charter to MSC and is one of four MSC charters that have been specially outfitted to conduct consolidated cargo capability operations including refueling with fleet replenishment oilers Capt Wilson added the end goal is to see this sort of training taking place throughout the fleet and on as many tankers as possible http gcaptain com 2015 10 28 maersk tanker conducts rare refueling of u s navy ship at sea Voj46JMrKgQ The process of replacing single hull with double hull tankers was begun in 2010 and the first ships of the new class are described in an article published in November 2010 Military Sealift Command is reconfiguring the fleet of tankers it operates to meet fuel requirements in support of U S forces worldwide This seagoing force of government owned and U S flagged chartered ships acquired a new chartered ship MT Empire State Oct 7 after two government owned ships completed their service to the command Oct 1 The newly built U S flagged Empire State is under charter to MSC for up to five years and will operate worldwide carrying refined petroleum products for DOD primarily between commercial refineries and

    Original URL path: http://www.sldinfo.com/military-sealift-commands-tanker-fleet-sea-services-con-ops-drives-up-demand/ (2016-02-13)
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  • Training Peshmerga | SLDInfo
    Canada and other Western powers have helped the Peshmerga The German military has provided anti tank Milan missiles which have proven deadly accurate against ISIS suicide trucks The Canadian military has provided mine detecting and bomb disposal robots The US UK and France have also supported the Peshmerga with air strikes in most of their offensives against ISIS especially for the capture of the Kurdish Yezidi town of Shingal in November And recently the Federal Republic of Germany announced their continued support for training and supporting Peshmerga According to a piece published January 6 2016 on the website of the Federal Government of Germany Germany is stepping up its fight against the terrorist organisation IS Up to 150 German soldiers are to train Peshmerga fighters and members of the Iraqi security forces The German Bundestag must still approve the Cabinet decision The German government is to expand the action it is taking against the IS terrorist organisation For one year Bundeswehr troops have been providing support in the form of training for security forces around Erbil in northern Iraq This mission is to be extended for another year The motion must still be approved by the German Bundestag The Bundestag mandate is to be extended until 31 January 2017 and the ceiling on troops is to be raised from 100 to 150 soldiers Joint action against terrorism Up to 150 German soldiers are to train Peshmerga fighters and Iraqi security forces in Erbil Photo Bundeswehr Sebastian Wilke The terrorist organisation IS has become a global threat to peace and security The terrorist attacks in Tunisia Turkey Lebanon against Russia and in France provide ample evidence of the threat to world peace The UN Security Council has already noted this in various resolutions most recently in November 2015 The United Nations Security Council called on the international community to take all necessary steps to prevent the terrorist activities of IS Strengthening the ability of Iraqi authorities to ensure security One core element in the fight against the IS is the development of permanent capacities within the Iraqi security forces and the Peshmerga the security forces of the regional government in the Kurdish region of northern Iraq Since the multinational training mission began on 15 February 2015 around Erbil more than 4 800 members of the security forces have undergone training in northern Iraq and in Germany in line with the German government s principle of ensuring that all population groups are involved in training Germany s armed forces are acting within the framework and in line with the rules of a system of collective security as laid out in Article 24 2 of the German Basic Law or constitution Training centre in Erbil The training support is centred on the area in and around Erbil Under exceptional circumstances troops can also be deployed outside this immediate region for purposes of consultation and coordination across the entire Iraqi territory In addition a limited number of German troops will continue to be assigned

    Original URL path: http://www.sldinfo.com/training-peshmerga/ (2016-02-13)
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  • The Arctic Mission: Russia Builds Up, China Engages, and the U.S.? | SLDInfo
    the Congress champion for a modern icebreaking fleet wants a Navy and Coast Guard partnership to fund the vessels Do you know how many naval ships we are building A lot she told Politico Do you know how many icebreakers we are building None In May 2015 Murkowski and Sen Maria Cantwell D Washington introduced the Icebreaker Recapitalization Act which would authorize the U S Navy to construct up to six heavy icebreakers that would be designed and operated by the Coast Guard emphasis in the original Today we take a strong bipartisan step towards investing in the Coast Guard Arctic infrastructure and operations by calling for serious investments in our polar icebreaking fleet Cantwell said Our legislation makes sure that the United States is able to protect our interests in the Arctic and it gives the men and women in the Coast Guard and Navy the tools they need to do their jobs Icebreakers protect America s Arctic interests and support Washington state shipbuilding jobs As an Arctic nation America must be a global leader towards an Arctic future as this dynamic region opens up to new opportunities by contrast countries from Russia to Canada to China to even India see the worth and importance in investing in icebreakers said Senator Lisa Murkowski Chair of the U S Senate Arctic Caucus From a military perspective this is an imperative from an economic development viewpoint it is a down payment on an Arctic future and as a scientific research opportunity it opens up a new world of knowledge Good words to be sure but the bill died quietly after being referred to the Armed Services Committee Assuming a decision were made to start the design and construction of the first of the six icebreakers outlined in Coast Guard plans in fiscal year 2020 it will be 10 years if not longer before the first ship sails U S law requires Coast Guard vessels to be constructed in U S shipyards The last U S yard to construct an icebreaker the Healy was Avondale Industries New Orleans Louisiana That was closed by parent company Huntington Ingalls Industries That said Ingalls Shipbuilding Pascagoula Mississippi retains unique engineering and production capabilities to build icebreakers The yard that built the Polar Star and Polar Sea Lockheed Shipbuilding Seattle Washington closed in 1988 Semper Hopeful The Obama Administration in September 2015 proposed accelerating the acquisition of a replacement heavy icebreaker to 2020 from 2022 begin planning for construction of additional icebreakers and call on Congress to work with the Administration to provide sufficient resources to fund these critical investments These heavy icebreakers will ensure that the United States can meet our national interests protect and manage our natural resources and strengthen our international state local and tribal relationships It will be interesting to see if the White House will enthusiastically support this much needed and long overdue national asset or kick the can to the next administration So Where are the icebreakers a future President

    Original URL path: http://www.sldinfo.com/the-arctic-mission-russia-builds-up-china-engages-and-the-u-s/ (2016-02-13)
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  • India Confirms Rafale Buy with France in Advance of Hollande Visit to India | SLDInfo
    the Russian Government That deal of course involves substantial manufacture of these machines in India as the number is large more than 200 Notably Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar has said in an interview published in the December edition of India Strategic that the Government had cleared deals worth about 15 billion Rs 90 000 crore and it appears that these two deals are covered in this figure But it is not confirmed as details of the deals were not disclosed in the interview conducted by leading Defence analyst Brig Gurmeet Kanwal who is a member of this publication s Editorial Board It may also be noted that originally IAF was to acquire 126 aircraft after the Rafale was selected in the MMRCA competition some time back 18 in flyaway condition and 108 as progressively assembled and made in India by HAL under part Transfer of Technology ToT Private industry was to be involved but HAL s share was negotiated as more than 70 per cent There were a lot of hiccups over costs of the aircraft over 100 million plus per aircraft and offsets from the Indian side and responsibility over the quality of production in India from the French side Finally keeping in mind IAF s urgent requirements Mr Modi intervened to order 36 aircraft or two squadrons in a direct G to G deal during his visit to Paris in April This time the deal involved no production in India but there were still some hiccups over the 50 per cent stipulated offsets although aircraft costs would by and large have been the same as for the French Air Force Armée de l Air Offset obligations would always be additional Mr Modi intervened again spoke directly with French President Francois Hollande on telephone early September and expressed difficulty in doing the deal without the offsets Mr Hollande graciously agreed and IAF approved the deal mid December The Ministry of Defence MoD delivered a copy of the Inter Government Agreement in this regard through the established diplomatic channels just as the New Year was set to begin The deal would be part of the minutes on growing Indo French cooperation when President Hollande visits India as the Guest of Honor on India s Republic Day on January 26 Under the deal Dassault and its main partners engine maker Safran and electronic systems maker Thales will share some technology with DRDO Defence Research and Development Organisation and maybe some private sector companies and HAL under the offsets clause Details are not known but as the aircraft have to be flown and maintained in India for at least three to four decades a lot of information and technology upgrades will be needed to keep them operational 83026 random 1 0 5 0 The twin engine Rafale combat jet is designed from the beginning as a multi role fighter for air to air and air to ground attacks is nuclear capable and thanks to its onboard Electronic Warfare EW systems can also

    Original URL path: http://www.sldinfo.com/india-confirms-rafale-buy-with-france-in-advance-of-hollande-visit-to-india/ (2016-02-13)
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  • Red Flag 16-1: Working the Con-Ops of Prevailing in Contested Airspace | SLDInfo
    in the exercise for up to five hours Flying times are scheduled to accommodate other flying missions at the base and provide Red Flag participants with valuable training in planning and executing a wide variety of combat missions and exercise scenarios to validate joint and coalition operations According to the official Red Flag 16 1 press release which can be viewed here this exercise will include aircraft from 24 different U S Air Force squadrons four flying squadrons from both the Royal Australian Air Force and the United Kingdom s Royal Air Force The 414th Combat Training Squadron assigned to the 57th Wing is responsible for executing Red Flag The exercise is one out of a series of advanced training programs administered at Nellis AFB and on the Nevada Test and Training Range by organizations assigned to the U S Air Force Warfare Center Red Flag began in 1975 strictly as an aerial combat exercise but has evolved to include warfighting across air space and cyberspace domains for United States and coalition air forces The exercise has provided training for more than 440 000 military personnel including more than 145 000 aircrew members flying more than 385 000 sorties and logging more than 660 000 hours of flying time Flying squadrons and assigned personnel deploy to Nellis AFB for Red Flag under the Air Expeditionary Force concept and make up the exercise s Blue forces Blue forces are able to utilize the diverse capabilities of their aircraft to execute specific missions such as air interdiction combat search and rescue close air support dynamic targeting and defensive counter air on the NTTR The NTTR is north of Las Vegas the range is the U S Air Force s premier military training area with more than 15 000 square miles of airspace

    Original URL path: http://www.sldinfo.com/red-flag-16-1-working-the-con-ops-of-prevailing-in-contested-airspace/ (2016-02-13)
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  • The Rolling Air Frame Missile: A Very Successful International Program | SLDInfo
    a cooperation between the United States and Germany was designed to protect against the newest generation of anti ship cruise missiles It also defends against helicopter and airborne threats and hostile surface craft and its dual mode guidance design allows it to engage multiple threats simultaneously RAM has been protecting naval ships for three decades and the enhanced Block 2 variant enables vital defense of our warfighters far into the future said Rick Nelson vice president of Naval Area and Mission Defense for Raytheon Missile Systems The U S Navy s declaration of IOC is an important accomplishment that shows RAM Block 2 is ideally suited to protect against the full range of threats on a variety of platforms Block 2 delivered to the Navy in July 2014 and has since undergone testing In one test event the system went two for two against a supersonic maneuvering raid which Raytheon says is the first time a ship based firing system has accomplished that Originally the Rolling Air Frame Missile was a General Dynamics and then Hughes NATO program based on U S and German collaboration The RIM 116 was developed by General Dynamics Pomona and Valley Systems divisions under a July 1976 agreement with Denmark and West Germany the General Dynamics missile business was later acquired by Hughes Aircraft and is today part of Raytheon Denmark dropped out of the program but the USN joined in as the major partner The Mk 49 launcher was evaluated on board the destroyer USS David R Ray in the late 1980s The first 30 missiles were built in FY 85 and they became operational on 14 November 1992 on board USS Peleliu Raytheon acquired Hughes in part because Hughes was much more involved in international efforts than was Raytheon at the time According

    Original URL path: http://www.sldinfo.com/the-rolling-air-frame-missile-a-very-successful-international-program/ (2016-02-13)
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  • Biography : Former Lieutenant-General Gaviard | SLDInfo
    issues Prior to this from 2003 to 2005 Lt General JP Gaviard was the French Air Defence and Air Operations Command Commander Responsible for example after 9 11 for launching Mirage 2000 and helicopters against renegade aircrafts and slow movers directly under the authority of the French Prime minister During this period he was also responsible for the certification of the French Air Force as a Nato Reaction Force NRF5 and the qualification of the French Forces Head Quarter FHQ for EU operations From 2001 to 2003 Major General JP Gaviard was chief of retstaff for operations within the Joint Defence Staff He was responsible for the commitments of the French armed forces with the US forces in Afghanistan under Nato in the Balkans and under EU in Africa DRC Chad Ivory Cost From 1999 to 2001 he was in charge for International relations within the Air Staff In spring of 1999 as a young Brigadier General he was commanding during the Nato Kosovo Air campaign the 100 French combat aircrafts including navy air assets He was as well as the French senior representative for this important Air operations Allied Action and posted at the Nato Air operations Center at

    Original URL path: http://www.sldinfo.com/biography-lieutenant-general-gaviard/ (2016-02-13)
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  • Kenneth Maxwell | SLDInfo
    founding Director of the Brazil Studies Program at Harvard University s David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies DRCLAS 2006 2008 and a Visiting Professor in Harvard s Department of History 2004 2008 From 1989 to 2004 he was Director of the Latin America Program at the Council on Foreign Relations and in 1995 became the first holder of the Nelson and David Rockefeller Chair in Inter American Studies He served as Vice President and Director of Studies of the Council in 1996 Maxwell previously taught at Yale Princeton Columbia and the University of Kansas He founded and was Director of the Camões Center for the Portuguese speaking World at Columbia and was the Program Director of the Tinker Foundation Inc From 1993 to 2004 he was the Western Hemisphere book reviewer for Foreign Affairs He has been a regular contributor to the New York Review of Books and is a weekly columnist since 2007 for Folha de São Paulo Maxwell was the Herodotus Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study Princeton and a Guggenheim Fellow He served on the Board of Directors of The Tinker Foundation Inc and the Consultative Council of the Luso American Foundation He is also

    Original URL path: http://www.sldinfo.com/kenneth-maxwell/ (2016-02-13)
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