archive-com.com » COM » S » SWEDESDOCK.COM

Total: 159

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Swede's Dock - Ponder's Bible - Pumps
    juice used only a few hundred gph less hopefully last a couple years longer so I took a shot It looked like a lot less water coming out of the filter and over the falls but the water stayed clear so I didn t bother checking the numbers myself This spring Kevin extended the top pond for me and part of the project involved emptying the media lava rock from the filter so I decided to time the output of this pump as I had done for the Becketts years earlier The filter 3 L x 2 W x 2 H is 90g The Fishmate consistently took 2 mins to fill so 45gpm x 60 min 2 700 gph Note with the media back in it takes 1m 40sec The Becketts had worked out pretty consistently to 4100 4200gph using the same measuring system some years ago Had picked up a Kill Awatt last year so I plugged that in and was surprised to see 360 watts draw for the FishMate pump Note the two different Beckett draws in the table The lower one 425w was calculated using an actual electric meter you know the ones with the globe over them with all the little wheels and gears that hang on the side of the house over a week s time so it may not have been entirely accurate with me reading all those little wheels The 500w was from the KillAwatt on the firehouse pumps I m not 100 certain the firehouse is still using Becketts as I haven t seen Richie the pond caretaker in a while to ask Note also the 700w manufacturer s rating given above is from my memory I don t have a Beckett box to check the number Clearly when the FishMate goes

    Original URL path: http://www.SwedesDock.com/pond-pumps.sht (2016-04-26)
    Open archived version from archive


  • A O U - Swede's Pond Links (personal sites)
    cuttings plants and seeds of aquatic plants for trade and make requests for what they are seeking Items for sale are not permitted Natural Ponds Dag Duberg s Dammer Pond in Sweden You likely won t be able to understand the text it s in Swedish but you can look at the pictures Aquarium reference page freshwater aquarium fish plants biotopes resource Northwest Koi Goldfish Club ZNA For koi enthusiasts Yolande and Curt s Pond Hope you like boogie woogie Davis Pond A dandy looking pond and nice display CJ s Adventures In Ponding A pretty involved but very attractive series of several small ponds linked together An Urban Oasis Just a nice place to visit Hosted by Wynnie the Dog The Pond that Bill built A rhyming ponder with a sense of humor Well worth a visit Aquatic Plant Exchange This forum the place for users to offer cuttings plants and seeds of aquatic plants for trade and make requests for what they are seeking Items for sale are not permitted Some REALLY big lilies Backyard Wildlife Refuge This really should be in the Commercial Section of Pond Links but it is just so neat at least the Butterfly section I put it here Rhonda s Some nice pictures annd descriptions Her veggie filter is very interesting though I heartily disagree with her comments about lava rock getting over bacteria ed and needing replacement It is simply and unequivocally not true Bart s Water Garden A very nice job Friendly and easy on the eyes Lotsa pictures The Koi and Paso Fino Page A stunning picture of koi in a beautiful pond His filter plans are WAY too complicated for my taste And like typical koisters he has a real prejudice against lava rock Too cheap for the koi crowd I suspect Well worth a visit nonetheless Fish Paintings prints Some nice stuff Allen and Theresa Nice set of progression pictures for a preformed pond Very well done and quite attractive Cheap too Mike Lori s Pond A really nice looking pond Might take a little while to load but worth the wait The Illiana Garden Pond Society A new place to roam around and quickly get lost in Still Water Ponds Look at what you can do with lots of space and a lot more work The Search Engine for Koi Keepers and Water Gardeners Just what it says and more left here Backyard Habitats Not pond stuff so much but Environmental Homepage for Birds Bats Butterflies and other Backyard Beasties Terry Eymard s Pond Page A simple uncomplicated installation Looks really nice too Diary of a First Time Ponder A very good read Home Page for International Waterlily Society Just as the title indicates Lotsa technical info on plants Trey and Jacque s Pond Page A very nice setup Check out their filter housing It s a dandy Garden Web Pond Forum Dusty s recco The Garden Web Forums All wonderful Dusty s recco Real Eye Candy

    Original URL path: http://www.swedesdock.com/pondlink_personal.sht (2016-04-26)
    Open archived version from archive

  • A O U - Swede's Pond Links (Large Pond sites)
    enlightenment of the mysteries that create a special natural world in the woodlands pastures and backyards nearby These small systems have life forms atmosphere and dynamics unique to themselves and are at the same time a reflection of what is all around This place is well worth a visit for everybody THE BIG PONDER This guy ll REALLY make you jealous He s in the Big Leagues Water Plant Identification Section Pictures of waterplants Http bentonite net to read about Bentinite a pond seaer used for large ponds http www cetco com groups lining products volclay cc8 prop htm More on Bentonite Aquatic Systems Inc Looks to be a dandy resource or starter point for BIG PONDERS Aqua Technex Advancing the Science of Lake Management Aquatechnex is a recognized leader in the field of lake and aquatic plant management We help clients solve complex water quality problems worldwide We develop and implement programs to restore aquatic sites impacted with invasive aquatic species We provide a wide range of services to lake associations and units of government charged with managing lakes We are Advancing the Science of Lake Management Purdue University Lake Page We have thousands of links to a variety of academic governmental commercial organizational and private aquaculture sites Unless you know the title of the site you might find it useful to use our search From EMTJim aol com Here is another Fish Farm and Hatchery Ken s Hatchery and Fish Farms Inc U S Highway 129 North P O Box 449 Alapaha GA 31622 0449 912 532 6135 1 877 KENFISH toll free Foster Lake and Pond Management A guide to lake and pond management Stocking Assessment and Management Recommendations From the Texas Agricultural Service A large document 785k in PDF format Looks very good and has much

    Original URL path: http://www.swedesdock.com/pondlink_large_ponds.sht (2016-04-26)
    Open archived version from archive

  • A O U - Swede's Pond Links (Technical sites)
    pond pictures to it Lately what I ve been doing is whenever I run across a neat pond picture on the Net I save it to my hard disk in the Screen Saver folder It s really easy to do In Netscape just point to the picture with the mouse right click choose Save As navigate to the Screen Saver folder click Okay and that s all there is to it Note Save them to a temporary folder first and try them out there before putting them into your Screen Saver Folder Many images are in a JPG compressed format PicSaver can t handle I had to resave in uncompressed format to get PicSaver to display them Email me for more details Now whenever my screen is idle for 3 minutes I m treated to pond pictures Fixated Me Naw grin Back to the Technical Index Rec Ponds Faq Frequently Asked Questions on Pond Maintenance The Magical Lotus Lotus planting instructions from Bill billskoi yahoo com Greg s Pond De icer Here s an untried by me homemade pond heater Look around here some good tips This site is worth your time at least it was well worth mine bum link fixed sorry What NOT to do by John Shelley Common sense stuff Dusty s recco Koi Vet great site Dusty s recco Talking koi encyclopedia Dusty s recco Aquarium Fish Info Links for those with aquariums and related subjects Back to the Technical Index Gosh Darn Moles Delivered To PondersBible yahoogroups com Date Tue 18 Sep 2001 11 33 57 0400 Subject Gosh Darn Moles Mary Beth Abordo wrote Dear Fellow Ponders I have a mole that is digging around under the flagstone and gravel of the patio I installed next to my pond Besides the mounds of dirt he is producing I am frighten he will do something to harm the pond and or liner With two cats and two dogs you d think we d catch him No luck so far As i am wary in the use of any toxic and fairly certain that my pets would place a paw into the spring loaded spike traps I am looking for suggests as to how to rid the patio area of the little mole thanks for any ideas MB From Elf Delivered To PondersBible yahoogroups com Date Tue 18 Sep 2001 11 33 57 0400 Subject Gosh Darn Moles Get them gone now Believe it or not all that damage is done by maybe a pair of moles I think only a pair work about a 2 acre area They can tunnel as fast as we can walk So when you see one he will be long gone by time you run get the shovel or hoe and come back Rats and mice also use the tunnels and cause more damage than the moles the mice are the ones eating roots and plants I think they have a working relationship with the moles Last year I noticed all the tunnels led towards my pond liner Those are just surface tunnels or runs The actual burrow they raise babies in is generally under something And goes down a couple of feet at least Our LINERS are the perfect habitat They have plenty of water foodsource from bugs and protection from heavy rains etc To the Moles The bugs in the flower beds around ponds is a mole restaurant McMoles I tried everything store bought you could buy to get rid of them I even attempted poking water hose down them to drown them Tried Peppermint oil soaked cottonballs Moth balls etc I even sat out in the yard night after night between the magic hours of 2 a m to 4 a m and until dawn armed with a sharp shovel and flashlight waiting for one to poke his little Mole head up I even had visions of stringing him up as an example after I performed my dirty deed But alas Nothing worked They loved their paradise and wanted to stay and feast So I tried a little bit of everything So I finally took all I had heard and read about what seemed to work somewhat and mixed it ALL together I took a 5 gallon sprayer that attached to my garden hose I used the Miracle Grow sprayer I then started putting in these things MY RECIPE for MOLEBEGONE Mix all ingredients in 5 gal garden hose sprayer 2 bottles of the small CASTOR OIL very thick stuff 1 bottle of LYSOL CONCENTRATE not the kitchen lysol the CONCENTRATE this is brownish and in a brown flat plastic bottle top off the 5 gal sprayer with Antibacterial Dawn at least a CUP of this more preferred if you have room in the sprayer though any dish liquid may work I then sprayed all area appx 30 feet OUT from the pond area Paid attention to the places where the TUNNELS or RUNS CROSS the more runs and tunnels coming to one place indicates burrow in that area Poke hole there and SOAK it Next day no activity Then the next day I saw new tunnels But few They left A week after I sprayed I REAPPLIED this same mixture as insurance Within this week I saw no sign of MOLES in the yard at all They have not returned and that was last season BUT then the Spring rains came It had been very dry years here in GA and I guess because the MOLES tunneled under the liner and all around an up to it all these rains caused those empty TUNNELS BURROWS to COLLAPSE That is when my real problems began My pond has caved in on all sides and slid IN about 2 feet all around and the top edge Sank down to just below ground level It is an A 1 mess now This fall I will take the fish and put them out in back pond and pull up the

    Original URL path: http://www.swedesdock.com/pondlink_technical.sht (2016-04-26)
    Open archived version from archive

  • A O U - Swede's Pond Links (commercial sites)
    complete one stop shopping for pond stuff Van Ness Gardens Mostly Plants Free catalog Paradise Water Gardens Plants and supplies Very nice FREE catalog Mail Order Pet Supplies If you can t find it try here They have Jungle Labs Fungus Eliminator The Plant Place Good prices Good selection Not always good advice They are 180 degrees dead wrong on their gravel advice for example Plant Tabs Wholesale plant food be prepared to spend 100 Barley Straw available American Plastics sell polyethelene liners It s relatively cheap but usually not as hardy as EPDM The Pond Girl Your online One Stop Pond Shop Pond Plants Lotsa plants pictures good prices TEXAS SODIUM BENTONITE Inc Some lowdown on Bentonite by a supplier The Water Garden A nice commercial site with plenty pond pictures Day Dreamer Plants lilies Good planting instructions Blue Ridge Fish Hatchery Wholsale only Koi for as little as 2 goldfish etc Tate Kois A Taiwan koi dealer Lotsa nice pictures of koi Prices sound reasonable but what do I know Koi by the box If you want to buy fish in QUANTITY Lilies Lotuses Free catalog 1 800 955 0161 Green Hagstrom Plant fertilizer and other pond supplies Aquatic Creations Ltd Yet another filter supplier with price lists The Water Garden Indoor and Outdoor Fountains Solar Powered Floating Fountain Under 100 Maryland Aquatic Nurseries Free catalog 1 410 557 7615 Michael Gordon Ltd Fountains statues and stuff 1 800 928 4886 Life Gard Ultraviolet Sterilizers all kinds of filters and other stuff 1 800 628 8771 Aquarium Pharmaceuticals Fish medications food water treatments ugh 1 800 847 0659 Ultra Clear Pond chemicals Ugh for clarity parasites disease etc From a member of the Ponder s Bible list There s a place in Tennessee that manufactures 30 ml pvc liners They re about 28 cents a sq ft Shipping depends on where you live They come right to your door by freight truck I ve had mine for 4 years now and not had any problems The place is called Mid America Lining Number is 901 885 8888 You have to send them a check first After they get the check they ll ship the liner I sent a money order so they didn t have to wait for the check to clear Good Luck Vickie Vickie Webber Pond Life All manner of pond supplies Pond Plus Serving Southeast Texas Water Gardening Needs Wicklein s Water Gardens Plant Aquatics nursery 1 800 382 6716 Welcome to Falling Waters The koi and pond discount store Day Dreamers A commercial site that sells a large selection of plants and has a very nice section of articles on Waterfall Building filtration beware of poor advice regarding algae here though etc Fish Link Central The most comprehensive set of Pond links I have found other than my own grin This site has links to just about anything that swims I well recommend it ScreenThemes 1 2 Windows 95 98 NT Demo From SoftSeek

    Original URL path: http://www.swedesdock.com/pondlink_commercial.sht (2016-04-26)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Swede's Dock - Prostate Experience
    uncommon for PSA to drop like that I told him I was sure it was the capsaisin grin During the conversation he remrked several times how much he learns by listening to patients Later after thinking about it I believe it was his way of saying he now agrees with my decision to not have a biopsy in 2006 Here is a summary in a medical history report I take to any doctor I go to any more Note report also contains meds family history patient history blood pressure readings other stats etc Prostate biopsy Oct 2002 Dr negative Diagnosed BHP which was alleviated With Flax Seed Oil capsules Annual visits PSA counts 2002 09 4 9 DRE found enlarged prostate 2002 10 6 0 Had biopsy negative BHP diagnosed 2003 03 5 6 DRE prostate still enlarged 2003 06 DRE normal again after starting flaxseed oil 2004 05 4 8 DRE normal 2005 05 6 7 DRE normal 2006 06 8 6 DRE normal declined biopsy strongly indicated by doubling of PSA in 2 years 2007 06 7 5 DRE normal had started using capsaicin In December 06 as a food seasoner 3 4 times a week 2008 08 10 6 DRE normal Apparently Capsacin is not the cure I was looking for as the PSA went up 2009 08 8 3 DRE normal Apparently Capsaicin working again grin 2010 08 DRE normal Apparently Capsaicin working again grin 2011 08 DRE normal Apparently Capsaicin working again grin 2012 08 DRE normal Apparently Capsaicin working again grin 2013 04 DRE normal Apparently Capsaicin working again grin Haven t had a PSA in last 3 years but have had annual DRE s Doctor told me that at my age 74 and PSA level there was an 80 chance I had prostate cancer He REALLY wanted me to have a biopsy but I decided absent any other evidence ie palpated prostate mri sonogram whatever I won t have one Am afraid if there is cancer biopsy has a very real chance of getting it into te bloodstream and rapidly spreading In any case this is my last visit as my uro is retiring and I m not gonna break another one in grin The Taint From an emailer My problem is that dribble And often a few drops more will squeeze out after I put it away Embarrassing to myself Seldom visible to others spots on pants but humiliating nonetheless The reply from another Here s a 750 fix for the problem what my Uro guy charged Aetna when he did a biopsy on me 9 years ago I complained about the dribblies then also Thought it was part of getting old His suggestion when finished but before you put it away press upward on your taint taint this and it taint that the area between your anus and your balls That squeezes out the pee remaining in the plumbing like a sink trap Works for me PVP Surgery A new surgery to hollow out the prostate is coming into vogue more info here Also see link on left that is being highly touted and sounds good Here is an experience from a friend who had it Date Thu 01 Sep 2005 18 14 52 0400 Subject Re PeeVPee To G H Lovgren gosta SwedesDock com At 06 39 09 01 05 I wrote to him What s the latest on the PVP saga Any news His reply Week 1 Occasional blood in urine from prostate Comes and goes No problem starting but hurts aches at the end Throat still sore from air tube installed during operation Trick To catch dribbles wrap about a foot of toilet paper around it when done a form of precision mini diaper Stays put until next time But fell off during bowling below Week 2 A lot less blood only occasional Still aches at end Lasts about a minute Was going to attempt to bowl but decided at last minute not to good thing Week 3 Virtually no blood easy to start very tiny ache at end Mowed lawn bowled no problem Sat in dentist chair for 1 hour no problem Week 4 No blood extremely tiny tint at start Ache almost all gone About 90 recovered Bad news now I have to go back to work deferred home projects Still haven t decided whether it was worth it or not I ll save about 1k per year in Avodart pills which I didn t want to take anyway Basically I can t pee any better so far but if it saves another trip to the emergency room at 2 00 AM due to prostate infection which stopped flow then it will be worth it Dr says prostate could grow back slowly in about 10 years but by then I ll be 90 and may not care He thought my prostate was actually about 150 gms initial estimate 100 gms and he may have removed about 50 gms Note Procedure was supposed to be one day no catheter but I was held over for an extra day with catheter installed Removed next day Bloody mess Drove myself home that afternoon 99 weather Operation causes frequent desire to pee but getting better now almost normal The extra ache at end causes extra bowel movements but that is getting better also Two months later At 11 21 05 Update Question Will this treatment reduce the frequency of my trips to the head It might but not for the first month For that you have to go more often but I think that is true for most procedures Right now I m back to more or less normal Still have to get up at least once in the night however age 79 Is the procedure generally accepted in the medical industry It s still fairly new and most Urologists don t know much about it My main doctor and my Urologist didn t know much about it at all

    Original URL path: http://www.swedesdock.com/prostate/ (2016-04-26)
    Open archived version from archive


  • Sheet1 Sheet2 Sheet3

    Original URL path: http://www.swedesdock.com/prostate/pills_daily_files/tabstrip.htm (2016-04-26)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Swede's Dock - Studies in Conflict and Terrorism - technology MBA
    weaknesses so typical of the strategic studies genre The author justifies this approach by arguing for the need to learn the characteristics and qualities of the enemy 46 He also adheres to the typical strategic studies genre by proceeding from general geopolitics to the specific matter in question proposing analytical tools for his analysis presenting findings and drawing concrete applicable lessons from these results Along the way the author sees no need to offer theological or ideological justifications for his heavy reliance on infidel sources in his analysis Nevertheless the overall tone especially evident in the introductory passages leaves no doubt that the fundamental point of departure is the radical Islamist jihadist worldview of Al Qaida but the propagandist imperative is tempered by the need for a scientific approach with a view to serve the jihad and enhance its effectiveness In essence Jihadi Iraq is a strategic study jihadi style What is important to recognize however is that Jihadi Iraq is not a rare and isolated example of islamist strategic studies Rather it is only one example of an important body of jihadist literature which has passed surprisingly unnoticed in academia 47 Consider for example the bimonthly electronic journal Majallat al Ansar lit Journal of the Prophet s Followers published in at least 29 issues between January 2002 and March 2003 and widely considered an Al Qaida mouthpiece by the Arab press 48 Majallat al Ansar ran a regular section on strategic studies dirasat istratijiyya in which Western sources are extensively quoted the style is secular and Quranic and theological references are nearly absent The author of these studies was usually Abu Ubayd al Qirshi an alias He dealt with issues such as information warfare fourth generation or asymmetric warfare the Clausewitzian center of gravity versus Al Qaida s decentralized leadership the U S intel ligence agencies U S warfare doctrines U S fears of weapons of mass destruction the impact of the September 11 attacks as well as lessons learned of specific operations and events such as the Moscow theatre hostage taking and the impending U S invasion of Iraq Following the Washington sniper attacks in October 2003 for example the journal wrote extensively on the use of sniper operations in jihad 49 The journal also offered a psychological profile of U S President George W Bush all in the interest of learning to know the secret weaknesses of the enemy 50 Thus a jihadist strategic study genre is already well established and as the Jihadi Iraq booklet demonstrated all too well Western security agencies would be ill advised to ignore this literature Major Themes Research and Methodology Central Argument The point of departure for Jihadi Iraq is that the outcome of the battle over Iraq is decisive for the future of the jihadist movement A victory in Iraq will provide the jihadists with an advanced base qa ida mutaqaddima close to the Land of the Two Holy Places i e Saudi Arabia and the al Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem whereas a U S military victory will hurt the Islamic renaissance in the entire region at the heart of the Islamic world 51 The Jihadi Iraq points to the difficulties and obstacles facing the Jihadist move ment and readily admits that America cannot be coerced to leave Iraq by military political means alone The Islamist resistance can nevertheless succeed if it makes the occupation of Iraq as costly as possible in economic terms for the United States The document therefore offers a number of specific policy recommendations in order to increase the economic impact of the jihadist campaign in Iraq The most important of these recommendations consists of strategies for splitting the U S alliance in Iraq By limiting the number of American allies present in Iraq America will be unable to share the rising cost of occupation with a broad coalition of countries If the mujahidin can force U S allies to withdraw from Iraq then America will be left to cover the expenses on her own which she cannot sustain for very long The author argues that if one or two of the key European allies leave the coalition this will cause many others to follow suit essentially creating a domino effect that will unravel U S Iraqi strategy and break its will to fight in Iraq The Jihadist Movement and the International System The author begins his research project with deriving a number of general postulates or rules about international politics and the role of the jihadist movement This early section is the only part of the analysis where Quranic verses and other sources of Mus lim theology are invoked and they are used to give religious legitimacy to the document s central argument of the need to distinguish between and deal differently with the vari ous U S allies in order to be able to divide the U S Coalition in Iraq The arguments for why this is a realistic and wise policy however are all secular and draw on argu ments from Western political science theory of power politics especially the realism school Relations between states are governed by the struggle for power and interests The chief characteristic of contemporary international politics is deceit lies trickery falsification or denial of the truth No treaties no pacts are being honoured Interests are above all 52 This especially goes for the great powers for which there is nobody to hold them accountable He describes the international system as a spider web even if it is intricately interwoven it is largely an illusionary web only a breeze will break the fibres in the tissue 53 The U S power in the world relies on a mixture of reality and illusion True there are objective assets supporting U S hegemony but its power also depends on a great deal of illusion a large part of its power results from the conviction of others of their inabil ity to confront the US It is possible with relatively modest means to destroy an important and essential part of America s power The amazing effect of the September strikes is a case in point as it destroyed the Ameri can legend of power and invincibility in addition to the large economic losses it inflicted 54 The illusionary character of U S power and the assumed weakness of the inter national system offer possibilities for the jihadist movements to divide the Western alliance in Iraq Although the author cautions about relying too much on the fact that the differences between the unbelievers may from time to time lead to a coinci dence of interests between some of them and the Muslims he emphasises that not all unbelievers are God s enemies and there are various degrees of unbelief some more serious and dangerous than others 55 Having established a theological justification for dealing differently with different kinds of unbelievers the author arrives at his central point namely the political benefits of breaking the existing alliances against us 56 He concludes the section by emphasizing the legitimacy of mak ing use of the contradic tion of forces of unbelief as long as this does not lead to deviation from our prin ciples 57 It may be added that the audiotape from Osama bin Laden on 14 April 2004 strongly suggests that this argument has also been endorsed by the Al Qaida leadership The Current Situation in Iraq In reviewing the situation in Iraq following the U S led occupation the author no longer relies on theological literature but the analysis is by and large secular and academic in nature He surveys a number of actors on the Iraqi scene ranging from the US led occupation and the Iraqi state institutions to the Shiite and Sunni Muslim Parties The initial survey is the introduction to a long detailed and relatively objective analysis of the current U S policy in Iraq and the conditions for its success followed by detailed policy proposals for the Iraqi resistance and the jihadist movements in Iraq In this section the author does not resort to the simplistic rhetoric of blaming the Crusaders and Zionists for everything which is characteristic of the majority of Islamist literature designed for external propaganda purposes For example the collapse of the Iraqi state institutions and the security vacuum in Iraq are described as a tremendous obstacle to any future ruler of Iraq not only the United States but also to the jihadist movement and Islamist organizations in a liberated from the U S occupation Iraq The author does not dwell extensively on the hidden motives and aims behind the U S occupation of Iraq but proceeds directly to an analysis of the U S military and political plan for Iraq and the most important preconditions for its success These are Reducing the economic costs of occupation Entry of international forces Building an Iraqi army Exporting oil Building an Iraqi state and providing security Limiting the military operations in scope and quality All these preconditions are interlinked and interdependent but according to the au thor the two first points are the most important ones and they are therefore most exten sively analyzed Identifying the Weaknesses of U S Strategy in Iraq The author uses his analysis of preconditions for a U S success as an entry point to an identification of the weakest link in U S strategy which in turn is used to highlight the most effective focus for the jihadist activities in Iraq The many obstacles and difficul ties facing the mujahidin in Iraq by no means are ignored however The major objective is to break the U S will to stay on in Iraq and it is openly admitted that the insurgents cannot expect a military victory Thus a war of attrition on multiple fronts must be launched In this context the parallel to the Vietnam War is referred to more than once for example by citing U S politicians who have warned about this scenario 58 From the onset however the Iraqi occupation is interpreted as a return to the old direct rule imperialism This offers new opportunities for the jihadist movement because the U S administration has not taken into account the impact of the last centuries imperialism on the third world especially not the new consciousness and pride in their principles among Muslims 59 Instead the U S policies are character ized by rush and desire for quick results and an inability to wait indicating a weakness in will and shortsightedness according to the author 60 Many Western strate gists have pointed out that the U S emphasis on timetables and exit strategies for its military engagements may create a strategic vulnerability It is clear from the Jihadi Iraq that this has not eluded the author The main point of weakness identified by the author is the rising economic cost of the U S occupation These expenditures will be hard to cover because the U S adminis tration already has a record high budget deficit and the U S economy is currently expe riencing a severe economic crisis 61 In contrast to the first Gulf war when U S allies paid billions of dollars in support of the U S military campaign the author notes that many traditional U S allies such as Japan and Germany have distanced themselves from the United States and have offered no direct financial aid The author also notes the growing criticism of the U S administration s Iraq policies especially the statements by former presidential candidate Howard Dean that a large part of the American people reject paying the rising costs of the war in Iraq 62 The author goes on at length to demonstrate the huge costs of the U S led occupation and the growing U S budget deficit citing figures and statistics from a wide variety of Western predominantly U S government sources Among the numerous figures cited by the author are estimates from Democratic members of the Congress Financial Com mittee from mid 2003 indicating that the occupation and rebuilding of Iraq will cost American taxpayers no less than 179 billion dollars at the very best and in the worst case more than 400 billion dollars 63 He also refers to figures about the overall economic costs of the U S war on terror ranging from homeland security expenditures to the war in Afghanistan The author emphasizes in particular that the early U S cost estimates were far too optimistic These expected cost estimates were based on the perception was that there would be a wide acceptance of the occupation and an absence of an influential resistance The beginning of the jihad against the Americans changed this situation considerably however and the expected figures for the occu pation bill began to rise at an amazing speed 64 Thus it is the insurgency campaign in Iraq that made the U S military engagement in Iraq and its rebuilding efforts far more expensive in economic terms than was expected 65 The author believes that the Iraqi resistance will be able to raise the costs of the U S occupation even further if it follows the plan outlined by the author discussed later 66 According to the author the entry of forces from other countries is of utmost im portance for the success of the American project in Iraq as it lowers the financial costs of the occupation reduces the losses in terms of human lives and gives a legal and moral cover to the occupation 67 The author cites a U S Congress report published on 3 September 2003 arguing that the United States would not be able to remain in Iraq unless it reduces its force level by at least 50 percent in order to meet other challenges and avoid fatiguing its personnel in Iraq However the report allegedly states that given the level of violence in Iraq even the current number of 150 000 may be insufficient According to sources cited by the author the United States will need between 30 000 to 50 000 international forces in Iraq in addition to the U K forces already present There is admittedly already a sizeable international force in Iraq the most important contributions coming from Italy Spain Latin American countries Ukraine and Poland but these are far from sufficient to reach the desired number Nevertheless the author warns his fellow jihadists that since these international forces have not been exposed to huge human losses accompanied with a large media outcry other countries will be encouraged to participate under the stream of American cajolery and pressure In addi tion it may lead to an augmentation of forces by countries participating currently in Iraq This passage is underlined in the original 68 These warnings about the small losses suffered by the international forces in Iraq did not go unheeded It is noteworthy that the posting of the Jihadi Iraq on Global Islamic Media in December coincided roughly with a spate of attacks on foreign forces in Iraq such as the attacks on the Italian Carabinieri in al Nasiriyya and the assassina tion of Spanish intelligence officers in November 2003 and a fatal ambush of British and Canadian officers in January 2004 The Jaysh Ansar al Sunna group probably a splinter group of the Al Qaida associated Ansar al Islam group assumed responsibility for the two latter attacks 69 The author devotes little attention to the Iraqi army which he assumes will be sectarian in character dominated by the Shiites and filled with American collabora tors 70 It will be weak in morale and will not number more than 30 000 to 50 000 but it will have some impact in reducing the losses and economic costs of the occupation Anecdotally the author uses the feminine plural hunna when referring to the new Iraqi military forces probably as a way of dismissing them as unmanly and weak 71 Revenues from the export of Iraqi oil are described as the primary U S hope for securing financial sources for what is called the rebuilding 72 Although the author notes the many difficulties associated with the rebuilding of the Iraqi oil industry and the use of oil revenues for rebuilding purposes due to the former regime s enormous debts he is obviously concerned that oil revenues will ease the economic pressure on the United States Policy Recommendations for the Islamist Resistance in Iraq Before offering specific policy guidance to the resistance the author reviews the status of the Islamist and jihadist movements in Iraq He notes the quick re establishment of the Islamic Party a moderate nonviolent party associated with the Muslim Brotherhood with branches in nearly all Sunni Arab regions of Iraq Contrary to statements by several jihadist groups who reject the Islamic Party as the Devil s Brotherhood 73 the author argues that conflicts between the Islamic Party and the mujahidin should be avoided Instead the jihadist activities should be used as a powerful negotiating card by the Islamic Party in order to make the Americans more amenable to the Party s demands 74 In adopting this conciliatory position to non jihadists he is more in tune with the Al Qaida leadership and especially Osama bin Laden s ecumenical approach of attempting to make local Islamist movements work together against the external enemy in order to avoid destructive internal quarrels The author similarly deplores the fragmented character of the resistance movement in Iraq which prevents it from benefiting fully from the practical successes on the ground Still he is impressed by the very strength of the insurgent attacks in Iraq which has amazed even the most optimistic observer 75 The author sees the potential for enormous and good results whose scope may even exceed the Vietnam war if the mujahidin are proficient in the art of life and death in their blessed jihad 76 The Jihadi Iraq document offers several policy recommendations for the jihadist movement in Iraq The resistance must form clear specific and accurate objectives that would create a unity of aims and compensate to some degree for the relative lack of organizational unity under the current circumstances This consideration is highly im portant as it probably has wider applications beyond the Iraqi scene and reflects jihadist strategic thinking of how to enhance unity and coordination in the absence of a central ized organizational leadership and without an effective command and control apparatus Thus online publications like Jihadi Iraq where objectives goals and priorities are outlined may be a way of strengthening the unity of the mujahidin in the post Afghani stan era of decentralized jihad The Jihadi Iraq document offers several key criteria for shaping political demands The religious legitimacy of these demands have to be established they have to reflect the living reality in Iraq and to a certain degree they should take into account the international situation in order to benefit from what the author calls international con tradictions and international pressure 77 The decisive criterion however is their effect on the jihadist operations The political demands should enable the jihadist movement to maintain their position in the field and their capability to disrupt the U S plans 78 Apart from several demands related to ensuring the Islamic character of the insur gency and the future Iraq the most important political demands include The immediate total and unconditional withdrawal of all foreign armies from all Iraqi territories Rejection of any form of U S trusteeship over Iraq including even advisers in the Iraqi ministries Due to the collapse of the Iraqi state however one might accept some form of foreign aid Similarly the Provisional Council should be rejected both in its form and content because it is appointed by the United States Reject any jihadist operation directed against the daily life of the Iraqi people and its future including public services schools private property and so on with the exception of the oil sector The author also lists a number of final demands obviously related to the post occupation situation Like other Iraqi salafi jihadist groups the author stresses the need to look beyond the occupation phase and to the role of a free and Islamic Iraq in the future global jihad implant the true Islamic creed in the sons of Iraq reinvigorate the nation in its Muslim faith civilization and purity and prepare to build a genera tion to liberate the Islamic nation 79 The latter demand highlights a commonly shared notion in the salafi jihadist movement in Iraq that the country when liberated should serve as a launching pad for jihadist operations elsewhere and be a springboard to liber ate other Muslim countries suffering from the dual yoke of Zionist Crusader occupation and the Tyranni of the Muslim Hypocrites 80 It also echoes the oft repeated belief among the jihadists that sooner or later the Al Qaida training camps will be re established either in Afghanistan or elsewhere As for the practial military goals of the mujahidin in Iraq at the current stage the author lists a number of points Make the jihadist operations more effective Retain the spirit of initiative Strike against the oil installations Establish Sunni Muslim jihadist fighting cells in the Shiite dominated south The author shows a keen awareness of the need to balance the daily operative ac tivities with the long term concerns about sustainability We need to take good care of what we currently possess of weaponry and ammunition and diversify the storage places and avoid storing large quanti ties in one place Similarly we need to augment the purchase of weapons and ammunition from the local markets in a manner which fits the capability of the mujahidin to store them use them and purchase them 81 Similarly Jihadi Iraq notes the need for diversifying targets and modus operandi by using a variety of tactics such as ambushes raids explosions close combat operations and so on 82 With regard to targeting oil installations the author emphasizes the strategic importance of denying the U S occupation the benefit of increasing oil revenues The author concedes elsewhere in the document that the resistance has been unsuccessful in disrupting the flow of oil from the Iraqi oilfields 83 Nevertheless he claims that sabotage operations are easy to carry out in the North where frequent targeting of the oil pipe lines would be sufficient In the South on the other hand the author thinks routine attacks on pipelines will be more difficult Thus attacks on oil installations production facilities terminals or refineries will become necessary 84 For this reason the formation of jihadist cells in the South is seen as critical this point is very important 85 The author also argues that jihadist cells in the South represents a necessary jihadist nucleus for defending the Sunni Muslim population in case God forbid a confrontation with the Shiites erupts in the South 86 The author also gives a number of other military recommendations of a general nature He particularly emphasizes the need for strict security procedures and counter intelligence to prevent infiltration and security breaches He is very frank concerning the limited resources of the resistance first we have to recognise the differences in re sources experiences and capabilities on every level in the field of security 87 However these risks may be reduced through stricter recruitment procedures and by avoiding the use of telephones when transmitting sensitive information Another important theme in the author s analysis of the future jihadist strategy in Iraq is the use of media and propaganda He emphasises this as an essential point of weakness for the United States which must be exploited by the resistance In many cases the camera has more importance than the weapon and in many cases it surpasses the weapon in terms of its effect and power 88 By demonstrating the repression under the U S occupation the resistance will remove U S pretexts for staying in Iraq espe cially for the internal Iraqi audience The author also encourages greater practical media use of the jihad commensurate with the dazzling successes of the Iraqi resistance assuming that this is essential for deterring other countries from sending their soldiers to Iraq 89 The author also emphasizes the need to disavow the former regime arguing that this will send an important political signal to the Western peoples who still believe that the resistance operations are carried out by remnants of the former regime s army and by criminals 90 Finally the author mentions the need for gathering theological rulings or fatwas supporting the jihad in Iraq 91 It should be noted that this has become increasingly difficult as many of the most influential clerics many of them Saudis who previously provided religious legitimacy for militant Islamism have now been co opted impris oned or otherwise barred from issuing fatwas Those left to issue religious rulings are less influential and younger activist clerics who do not command the same religious authority 92 The author of Jihadi Iraq is keenly aware of the dangers of religious marginal ization He cautions against the use of harsh and extremist methods in propagating the Islamic message da wa in order to counter with our own practical behaviour the accusations against Muslims of extremism and hatred 93 He calls for greater emphasis on unity among all Muslims in Iraq including even the Shiites At the very least the resistance has to put the Shiites aside regard them as neutral in the struggle against the occupation and if possible attempt to draw them into the fighting with the Americans 94 At this point the Jihadi Iraq seems to depart from the ideological posture of lead ing salafi jihadists such as Abu Mus ab al Zarqawi whose recent communiqués are ex tremely hateful of the Iraqi Shiites and who is also a prime suspect in the series of deadly bomb attacks on the Shiite holy day of Ashura in Baghdad and Karbala 95 Sev eral of the Iraqi salafi jihadist groups such The Army of the Sunna s Supporters Jaysh Ansar al Sunna and The Salafiyya Fighting Group in Iraqi al Jama a al Salafiyya al Mujahida fi l Iraq have also expressed deep hostility to the Iraqi Shiite majority 96 The fact that the Jihadi Iraq does not express such outright hostility seems to reflect internal differences in and between the jihadist movements in Iraq on the question of the Shiites Spain as the Weakest Link in the U S Coalition in Iraq Jihadi Iraq devotes considerable space pp 25 40 to a detailed analysis of three of the most prominent U S allies in Iraq namely Britain Spain and Poland These subchapters are written specifically with a view to identifying weaknesses to be exploited by the jihadist movement The point of departure is that neither Poland nor Spain has real significant interests in Iraq even Britain does not have the kind of priority interests in Iraq which makes it endure large sacrifices 97 The author then starts his search for the weakest link in the Coalition or the domino piece most likely to fall first 98 With this analytical reference in mind the author provides a detailed survey of the domestic political map in each country arguing that each country will react differently to violent attacks against its forces because of domestic political factors Poland is unlikely to withdraw from the coalition because there is political consen sus on foreign policy and the country has a very high tolerance for human casualties Despite its obvious weakness and poverty Poland might be among the countries most prepared to stay on in Iraq especially if it is only exposed to human losses for which it puts no great values unless other Western countries withdraw In this case it is possible that the nationalist spirit will return and the Polish president will face some difficulties but the possibility of a Polish with drawal from Iraq remains remote 99 Britain is easier to force out of Iraq because the popular opposition to the war and the occupation is so high However the author estimates that Britain will only withdraw from Iraq in one of two cases if Britain suffers huge human casualties in Iraq or if forces of other countries such as Spain and Italy are withdrawn 100 The author also makes the somewhat curious argument that Britain will follow suit because it will not accept to be left in Iraq while other countries such as Italy Poland and Spain withdraw before them This is because Britain considers these countries less civilised and less concerned with human life and human rights 101 Spain on the other hand is very vulnerable to attacks on its forces primarily be cause public opposition to the war is almost total and the government is virtually on its own on this issue The author therefore identifies Spain as the weakest link in the coali tion This article now takes a closer look at the Spanish case study which is of greatest interest in view of the Madrid attacks on 11 March 2004 The author devotes 6 out of 42 pages to a review of the domestic political situation in Spain In the process he displays a solid knowledge of and interest in Spanish society It must also be noted that of the three case studies the chapter on Spain is by far the best in terms of analytical clarity The most interesting passage of the whole text is the author s concluding remarks regarding Spain Aznar s position does not express the Spanish popular stance at all If the disparity between the government and the people were at the same percent age rate in Britain then the government would fall But this has not hap pened thus far for a number of reasons including That the Spanish people despite the passing of more than quarter of a century of democracy have not reached the level of e g Britain in terms of holding its rulers accountable So far they the people have accepted the reality of lying politicians and do not see a reason for holding them accountable This is the opposite of what the British do who try to hold Blair accountable for his lies in making a case for Britain s entry in the war on Iraq That most of the rightist electorate are fanatical supporters of their party Lately in the local parliamentary elections the Popular Party bloc voted for their party and remained loyal to it despite the fact that the vast majority of Spaniards opposed the war The power of the group Opus Dei in the Popular Party The lack of direct influence of the Iraq events on life in Spain The weakness of the leftist opposition and its failure to manage the politi cal struggle in a wise manner 102 This section is directly followed by a conclusion containing policy recommenda tions for the Jihadist movement the undoubtedly most intriguing part of the Jihadi Iraq document As with the concluding section on Poland and Britain this section is both underlined and written in bold types making it very easy for the reader to zoom in on the essentials Therefore we say that in order to force the Spanish government to withdraw from Iraq the resistance should deal painful blows to its i e the Spanish forces This should be accompanied by an information campaign clarifying the truth of the matter inside Iraq It is necessary to make utmost use of the upcoming general election in Spain in March next year We think that the Spanish government could not tolerate more than two maximum three blows after which it will be forced to withdraw as a result of popular pressure If its troops still remain in Iraq after these blows then the victory of the Socialist Party is almost guaranteed and the withdrawal of the Spanish forces will be on its electoral programme Lastly we are convinced that a withdrawal of the Spanish or Italian forces from Iraq will put huge pressure on the British presence in Iraq a pressure that Toni Blair might not be able to withstand In this way the domino tiles would fall quickly but the basic problem of making the first tile fall still remains 103 Conclusion The Significance of Jihadi Iraq The significance of the Jihadi Iraq document is twofold First of all there is the possibil ity that the document is somehow linked to the Madrid events Second Jihadi Iraq serves as an illustrative example of a hitherto unidentified genre in radical islamist lit erature namely jihadi strategic studies Relationship with the Madrid Events Based on the earlier discussion a hypothesis may be suggested that the perpetrators of the attacks knew this document in some way or other or at the very least that the document highlighted themes from an already ongoing discussion in Al Qaida circles on future strategies with which the Madrid perpetrators were familiar There are three rea sons for this First the document points to Spain as the politically most convenient target of the coalition countries present in Iraq and it specifically mentions run up to the Spanish elections as the most appropriate time to strike Second the recommendation to strike Spanish forces does not exclude attacks on other types of Spanish targets in other parts of the world The perpetrators may have adopted the overall strategy outlined in the document while altering the tactics some what and taking the campaign onto Spanish territory After all the author makes a point of the fact that the occupation of Iraq has so far not affected life in Spain lack of direct influence of the Iraq events on life in Spain and that this is one of the main causes why the Spanish government can continue to pursue a pro U S Iraqi policy at odds with the vast majority of the Spanish electorate 104 The underlying message is ob vious this must change Moreover the fact that the document is addressed to global jihadists not Iraqi insurgents and that it was posted on the Global Islamic Media GIM website indicates that its scope went way beyond the Iraqi battlefield Finally only days before GIM posted the Jihadi Iraq the previously mentioned document A Message to the Spanish People was posted on the same website by the very same group containing explicit hints about impending attacks on Spanish interests outside Iraq Third shortly after the Madrid bombings Spanish police were provided with a video tape on which a man claiming to be Al Qaida s military commander in Europe assumed responsibility for the attacks On the video he appears under the alias Abu Dujana al Afghani echoing a reference to the historical Abu Dujana on page two of the document which goes as follows Indeed they the Crusaders and their Arab Allies do not and will not be turned away from aggression against Islam except by the youth who have sold their souls to God the Almighty and who have put on the headband of death the headband of Abu Dujana 105 Abu Dujana was one of the Companions of the Prophet Muhammad and known as a brave fighter His trademark was a red headband known as the headband of death asbat al mawt which he wound around his helmet before going into battle For this reason Abu Dujana has been used as an alias or kunya by several mujahidin in various parts of the world In this case there is a slight possibility that the person on the videotape has chosen the alias Abu Dujana after reading this document Another possi bility that cannot be excluded is that the author himself had some knowledge of Al Qaida cells in Europe including the nom de guerre of their commander and he wished to salute them by mentioning Abu Dujana Such a message would not necessarily have an operational purpose but could simply be a way of increasing the

    Original URL path: http://www.swedesdock.com/Jihad/ (2016-04-26)
    Open archived version from archive



  •