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  • Performing a Windows Server 2008 Upgrade - Techotopia
    Server 2003 Datacenter Edition with Service Pack 2 SP2 Windows Server 2008 Datacenter Windows Server 2008 Standard Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Windows Server 2008 Datacenter How an Upgrade to Windows Server 2008 Works During the Windows Server 2008 upgrade process the files folders and applications associated with the previously installed Windows version are relocated to a windows old folder and all user settings stored Once this task is complete a clean installation of the new operating system is performed and the saved user settings migrated to the new environment Upon completion of a successful upgrade the Windows Server 2008 system will include all applications settings and user files from the previous operating system installation Performing the Upgrade google WIN28BOX google An upgrade to Windows Server 2008 can only be performed by launching the installation process from within the currently installed operating system It is not possible to perform an upgrade by booting from the installation media To initiate the upgrade process therefore boot the existing Windows installation if not already running log into an account with administrative privileges and insert the installation DVD If the system is configured to do so the setup process on the DVD will autorun once it is mounted displaying the Windows Server 2008 installation screen From this screen the installation may be started by clicking on the Install now button Alternatively the What To Know Before Installing Windows Server 2008 link will provide information of system requirements and advice about issues such as application and driver compatibility Clicking on Install now proceeds to the next screen If the setup program detects an internet connection on the host operating system the next screen displayed will provide the option to have the installation process download any available updates and incorporate them into the installation The recommended course of action at this point is to accept the default here and install the latest updates After Setup has searched for and downloaded any available updates the Product Key Activation screen shown in the following figure will appear Windows Server 2008 Activation As mentioned previously it is not necessary to enter a key at this point in order to run Windows Server 2008 Failure to enter an activation key simply means that the operating system will run in trial mode which can only be extended for a total of 270 days If you have an activation key enter it here Alternatively click on the Next button to proceed to the next stage of the installation If an activation key was not entered a warning dialog will appear stating that it may be necessary to re install Windows at a later date i e when the trial ends resulting in lost data In practice it is possible to perform the activation before the trial ends without the need to re install If presented with this dialog click No to proceed If an activation key was not entered the next screen will ask that the required Windows Server

    Original URL path: http://www.techotopia.com/index.php/Performing_a_Windows_Server_2008_Upgrade (2016-02-13)
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  • Windows Server 2008 Command-line Tools - Techotopia
    separate command prompt and commands that are internal to Diskpart Doskey Edit command lines recall Windows commands and create macros Driverquery Display the current device driver properties and status Echo Display messages or turns command echoing on or off Endlocal End localization of environment changes in a batch file Erase See Del Exit Exit the command interpreter Expand Uncompress files FC Compare two files and display the differences between them Find Findstr Search for a text string in files For Run a specified command for each file in a set of files Format Format a floppy disk or hard drive Fsutil File system utility displays and configures file system properties Ftp Transfer files Ftype Display or modify file types used in file extension associations Goto Direct the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line in a script Gpresult Display Group Policy information for a machine or user Graftabl Enable Windows to display extended character sets in graphics mode Help Display Help information for Windows commands Hostname Display the computer name ICACLS Display modify backup and restore ACLs for files and directories IF Perform conditional processing in batch programs Ipconfig Display TCP IP configuration Label Create change or delete the volume label of a disk Md Mkdir Create a directory or subdirectory Mklink Create symbolic and hard links Mode Configure a system device More Display output one screen at a time Mountvol Manage a volume mount point Move Move files from one directory to another directory on the same drive Openfiles Display files opened by remote users for a file share Nbtstat Display status of NetBIOS Net Accounts Manage user account and password policies Net Computer Add or remove computers from a domain Net Config Server Display or modify configuration of Server service Net Config Workstation Display or modify configuration of Workstation service Net Continue Resume a paused service Net File Display or manage open files on a server Net Group Display or manage global groups Net Localgroup Display or manage local group accounts Net Pause Suspend a service Net Print Display or manage print jobs and shared queues Net Session List or disconnect sessions Net Share Display or manage shared printers and directories Net Start List or start network services Net Statistics Display workstation and server statistics Net Stop Stop services Net Time Display or synchronize network time Net Use Display or manage remote connections Net User Display or manage local user accounts Net View Display network resources or computers Netsh Invoke a separate command prompt that allows you to manage the configuration of various network services on local and remote computers Netstat Display status of network connections Path Display or set a search path for executable files in the current command window Pathping Trace routes and provides packet loss information Pause Suspend processing of a script and wait for keyboard input Ping Determine if a network connection can be established Popd Change to the directory stored by Pushd Print Print a text file Prompt Change the Windows command prompt

    Original URL path: http://www.techotopia.com/index.php/Windows_Server_2008_Command-line_Tools (2016-02-13)
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  • Configuring BitLocker Drive Encryption on Windows Server 2008 - Techotopia
    task To obtain a list of the command line options available run the tool with the command line option bdehdcfg To obtain information about the existing disk drive configuration run the BdeHdCfg exe command with the driveinfo command line option bdehdcfg driveinfo BitLocker Drive Preparation Tool Copyright C 2006 2007 Microsoft Corporation Initializing please wait VALID TARGETS SIZE MB COMMANDS MAX SHRINK TARGET DETAILS C 16381 shrink 8140 Vista OS This output tells us that the only option for this disk drive is to shrink the C volume and the maximum amount by which it may be shrunk 1 5GB of any unallocated space on the disk drive can be assigned to the system volume with a drive letter S using the following command bdehdcfg target unallocated newdriveletter s size 1500 Alternatively free space from an existing volume can assigned to the system volume This is referred to as performing a split In practice the volume is shrunk and a new volume created with the freed space In order to perform a split successfully the volume from which the space is to be removed must have 10 of free space still available after the 1 5GB split has been performed The following command splits 1 5GB from the C volume and assigns it to a new system volume with drive letter S bdehdcfg target c shrink newdriveletter s size 1500 BitLocker Drive Preparation Tool Copyright C 2006 2007 Microsoft Corporation Initializing please wait New active drive S will be created from 1500 MB of free space on drive C Do you want to continue Y N Shrinking drive C Done Creating new active drive S Done Preparing drive for BitLocker Done You must restart your computer to apply these changes Before restarting save any open files and close all programs Finally if a partition other than the operating system volume exists the boot files can be merged onto this partition Once the merge is complete the partition must be assigned as the active partition This process can be achieved using the merge option For example the following command merges the boot files onto the D volume bdehdcfg target d merge Once the system volume has been created the system must be restarted before proceeding Enabling BitLocker Drive Encryption Once the system volume has been created and the system restarted the next step is to enable BitLocker support The preparedness of the system and the option to enable BitLocker support are controlled from the BitLocker control panel which is accessed from the system Control Panel Start Control Panel If the Control Panel is in Classic View mode simply double click on the BitLocker Drive Encryption icon Alternatively if the Control Panel is in Control Panel Home mode select Security followed by BitLocker Drive Encryption Once selected a screen similar to the following should appear If the system on which Windows Server 2008 is running has TPM support the drives suitable for BitLocker encryption will be listed together with the option to

    Original URL path: http://www.techotopia.com/index.php/Configuring_BitLocker_Drive_Encryption_on_Windows_Server_2008 (2016-02-13)
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  • Configuring Windows Server 2008 Remote Desktop Administration - Techotopia
    click on the Add button to display the Select Users dialog Enter the name of the user in the text box entitled Enter object names to select and click on Check names to list names that match the name entered Select the appropriate name from the list The following example shows user Bill on server winserver 2 Click on OK to apply the change The new user will now appear in the list of users with Remote Desktop access on the Remote Users screen Click OK to close this screen and click on Apply in the System Settings screen The specified user will now have remote desktop access to the system Remote Desktop Group Policy A vast array of configuration options for Terminal Services is available through the Group Policy settings To access these values start the Group Policy Object Editor open the Start menu and enter gpedit msc into the Search box In the Group Object Policy Editor navigate to Computer Configuration Administrative Templates Windows Components Terminal Services or User Configuration Administrative Templates Windows Components Terminal Services to access the range of policy settings available Policy options include amongst other options items such as control over resource redirection printers audio etc setting session time limits and security settings A complete overview of all the settings is beyond the scope of this book but almost without exception the various settings are largely self explanatory Starting the Remote Desktop Client With the appropriate configuration tasks completed on the remote system the next step is to launch the Remote Desktop Client on the local system The client can be run in either administration mode which provides full integration with the console of the remote server or virtual session mode which provides some administrative privileges but does not provide console access or allow applications to be installed To invoke the Remote Desktop Client in virtual session mode either select Start All Programs Accessories Remote Desktop Connection or enter the following in the Run dialog or at a command prompt mstsc To start the Remote Desktop Client in administrator mode run the following command mstsc admin In either case the following initial screen will appear requesting details of computer to which the client is to connect This can either be an IP address or a computer name If previous connections have been established the User name field will be populated with the user name used in the preceding session If you need to log in as a different user this option will be provided on the next screen which appears after the Connect button is pressed In this screen enter the password for the selected user note that remote desktop access is only available for user accounts which are password protected If a user other than the one displayed is required simply click on the Use another account link and enter the necessary details Click on OK to establish the connection After a short delay the remote desktop will appear on the local computer

    Original URL path: http://www.techotopia.com/index.php/Configuring_Windows_Server_2008_Remote_Desktop_Administration (2016-02-13)
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  • Adding New GPT and MBR Disks to Windows Server 2008 Systems - Techotopia
    utilities that do not recognize GPT disks To an MBR disk utility the disk will appear to be an MBR disk with a single partition taking up the entire disk space Located immediately after the MBR is the primary GPT header This header defines the blocks on the disk available for partitions and contains information about the number and respective sizes of any partitions on the disk The GPT header also includes information about its own location on the disk drive and a pointer to a backup GPT header located in the final sectors of the drive The backup GPT header is used in the event that the primary header becomes corrupted Finally the GPT header contains a CRC32 checksum of itself including the partition table so that the system firmware can verify the integrity of the header information before accessing the data on the disk If the checksum fails the firmware switches to the backup GPT header If the checksum on backup GPT header also fails the disk is unusable In between the primary GPT header at the start of the disk and backup GPT in the final sectors of the disk are the primary partitions In addition to any data each partition on a GPT disk has a header containing information about the partition type the start and end blocks of the partition and a unique partition GUID There are a number of additional partitions often required on a GPT disk These are the EFI system partition ESP and the Microsoft Reserved Partition MSR The ESP must be present on the first disk in a system and is required to boot the operating system The ESP is not mandatory on other disks When the 64 bit version of Windows Server 2008 is installed both the ESP and MSR are created by the setup process One important point of note regarding GPT is that it is not supported on removable disks such as USB and Firewire connected storage devices or disks attached to storage clusters Initializing a New Disk Once a new disk has been installed into a Windows Server 2008 system it must be initialized before any partitions can be created on it This is performed using the Initialize Disk Wizard which can be accessed from the Disk Management snap in This can be accessed either from the Server Manager or Computer Management tools To launch the Server Manager open the Start menu and click on the Server Manager option or click on the Server Manager icon in the task bar Alternatively launch Computer Management from Start All Programs Administration Tools Computer Management or run compmgmt csc With either the Server Manager or Computer Management tools running select the Storage option from the left hand panel followed by Disk Management The Disk Manager will subsequently appear Ensure that the top pane is displaying the Disk List so that the new drive is visible This is configured by selecting the View Top Disk List option from the top menu

    Original URL path: http://www.techotopia.com/index.php/Adding_New_GPT_and_MBR_Disks_to_Windows_Server_2008_Systems (2016-02-13)
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  • Creating and Managing MBR Disk Partitions on Windows Server 2008 Basic Disks - Techotopia
    value specifies the file system cluster size In general the default setting for this value is the preferable choice although a smaller value may be useful in situations where the volume is intended to store large quantities of small files If selected the Quick Format option will cause the format to be performed without any error checking The Enable file and folder compression option dictates whether the data stored in the volume is to be compressed to maximize use of space This option is only available for NTFS volumes Click on the Next button to proceed to the summary screen Assuming the settings are satisfactory click on Finish to begin the formatting process The wizard will close and the disk in the graphical display will show the new volume as a primary volume and show the progress of the formatting process Once the process is completed the disk will be ready for use To create additional volumes repeat the above steps When the fourth volume is created the wizard will create it as an extended volume and all subsequent volumes will be created as logical drives within the extended partition For example the following figure shows Disk 1 with three primary partitions E F and G and one extended partition containing two logical drives H and I Formatting a Volume using Disk Management During the volume creation process outlined in the preceding sections of this chapter it was mentioned that a new partition on a disk drive may be created without formatting it for a particular file system This is known as a raw partition and will be listed in the disk manager as having a RAW file system type Before the volume can be used it must be formatted This can be achieved using either the Disk Management interface or from the command line using the diskpart tool To perform the format from Disk Management simply select the desired volume from the graphical display right click and select Format The format dialog will appear requesting the file system type volume name allocation unit size and volume label Options to perform a quick format which does not perform an error check and enable disk compression for NTFS file systems only are also provided Once the desired settings are selected initiate the format simply by clicking on OK and then respond affirmatively to the warning dialog Formatting a Volume from the Command Line Windows Server 2008 provides the ability to format volumes from the command line using the diskpart tool This can be invoked by entering diskpart either at the command prompt or in a Run dialog Once started diskpart presents a DISKPART prompt at which commands can be entered The first step is to identify the disks on the system This information is obtained using the list disk command DISKPART list disk Disk Status Size Free Dyn Gpt Disk 0 Online 30 GB 0 B Disk 1 Online 10 GB 0 B For the purposes of this tutorial we will

    Original URL path: http://www.techotopia.com/index.php/Creating_and_Managing_MBR_Disk_Partitions_on_Windows_Server_2008_Basic_Disks (2016-02-13)
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  • Creating and Managing GPT Disk Partitions on Windows Server 2008 Basic Disks - Techotopia
    changed at any time by right clicking on the volume in graphical view and selecting Change Drive Letter and Paths from the popup menu The Assign and Drive Letter or Path screen is shown below Click the Next button to proceed to the Format Partition screen On this screen a number of choices are available in terms of the type of file system to be created on the new volume The Allocation unit size value specifies the file system cluster size In general the default setting for this value is the preferable choice although a smaller value may be useful in situations where the volume is intended to store large quantities of small files If selected the Quick Format option will cause the format to be performed without any error checking The Enable file and folder compression option dictates whether the data stored in the volume is to be compressed to maximize use of space Click on the Next button to proceed to the summary screen Assuming the settings are satisfactory click on Finish to begin the formatting process The wizard will close and the disk in the graphical display will show the new volume as a primary volume and show the progress of the formatting process Once the process is completed the disk will be ready for use To create additional volumes simply repeat the above steps until the required number of partitions have been created the maximum allowed number of partitions is reached or all the disk space is allocated Formatting a Volume using Disk Management During the volume creation process outlined in the preceding sections of this chapter it was mentioned that a new partition on a disk drive may be created without formatting it for a particular file system This is known as a raw partition and will be listed in the disk manager as having a RAW file system type Before the volume can be used it must be formatted This can be achieved using either the Disk Management interface or from the command line using the diskpart tool To perform the format from Disk Management simply select the desired volume from the graphical display right click and select Format The format dialog will appear requesting the file system type volume name allocation unit size and volume label Options to perform a quick format which does not perform an error check and enable disk compression for NTFS file systems only are also provided Once the desired settings are selected initiate the format simply by clicking on OK and then respond affirmatively to the warning dialog Formatting a Volume from the Command Line Windows Server 2008 provides the ability to format volumes from the command line using the diskpart tool This can be invoked by entering diskpart either at the command prompt or in a Run dialog Once started diskpart presents a DISKPART prompt at which commands can be entered The first step is to identify the disks on the system This information is obtained using

    Original URL path: http://www.techotopia.com/index.php/Creating_and_Managing_GPT_Disk_Partitions_on_Windows_Server_2008_Basic_Disks (2016-02-13)
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  • Extending and Shrinking Windows Server 2008 Partitions and Volumes - Techotopia
    3 Primary 998 MB 2001 MB Partition 0 Extended 7238 MB 3001 MB Partition 4 Logical 1000 MB 3002 MB Partition 5 Logical 6236 MB 4003 MB For this example we are going to shrink partition 3 so need to select this partition using select partition DISKPART select partition 3 Partition 3 is now the selected partition With the appropriate disk and partition selected the next task is to identify the amount by which the partition can be reduced To aid in this calculation the diskpart shrink querymax command is used DISKPART shrink querymax The maximum number of reclaimable bytes is 448 MB As indicated in the above output the partition may be reduced in size by a total of 448Mb To perform the size reduction the shrink desired command is used DISKPART shrink desired 447 DiskPart successfully shrunk the volume by 447 MB The partition has now successfully been reduced in size Extending a Partition Using Disk Management In addition to shrinking partitions the Disk Management interface also provides the ability to extend a partition to make use of otherwise unallocated free space on a disk To extend a volume right click on the volume in the graphical view of the Disk Management screen and select Extend Volume to invoke the Extend Volume Wizard Click Next on the welcome screen to proceed to the disk selection process shown below google WIN28BOX google The above screen lists any disks which are available to assign space to the partition being extended In the case of dynamic disks space may be allocated from any disks available on the system In the case of basic disks only space from the current disk are available Since this is a basic disk the current disk drive is already placed in the Selected column Define the amount of space to use for the volume extension using the Select the amount of space in MB field If the Next button is disabled it means that more space has been requested than is available on the disk Reduce the size of the space until the Next button is enabled and click on it to proceed to the summary screen Assuming the summary matches the requirements of the extension click on Finish to extend the volume Extending a Partition from the Command Line As with shrinking partitions Windows Server 2008 allows disk volumes and partitions to be extended from the command line using the diskpart tool Invoke this tool by typing diskpart at a command prompt or in a Run dialog box The tool will start and display a DISKPART prompt The first step is to identify the disks on the system This information is obtained using the list disk command DISKPART list disk Disk Status Size Free Dyn Gpt Disk 0 Online 30 GB 0 B Disk 1 Online 10 GB 0 B For the purposes of this tutorial we will once again be working on a partition on disk 1 To select the required disk use the

    Original URL path: http://www.techotopia.com/index.php/Extending_and_Shrinking_Windows_Server_2008_Partitions_and_Volumes (2016-02-13)
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