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  • Configuring a Windows Server 2008 Terminal Services License Server - Techotopia
    the Select Server Roles screen is displayed From the list of roles select the check box next to Terminal Services and click on the Next button Read the information screen and then proceed to the Select Service Roles screen Check the box next to TS Licensing and click next As described above choose whether the server is to be accessible to terminal servers in the same workgroup domain or domain forest as the license server Click Next followed by Install to initiate the installation process Activating the TS License Server Once the TS License Server has been installed the next task is to activate it This task is performed using the TS License Manager which may be launched by running tsconfig exe or via Start All Programs Administrative Tools Terminal Services TS License Manager Once started the TS License Manager dialog will appear containing a list of detected license servers on the network The only license server listed in the following figure is the one on the local server Because this has yet to be activated it is listed with a red circle containing an X mark next to it To activate a license server right click on the server in the list and select Activate Server After reading the welcome screen click Next to proceed to the Connection Method screen The activation process requires communication with Microsoft in one form or another If the server has an internet connection then the activation can be performed over this connection The default recommended method is to have the TS License Manager automatically connect to gather the information Failing that another option is go to the https activate microsoft com web site using a browser and enter the product ID Alternatively if an internet connection is not available or a firewall prevents

    Original URL path: http://www.techotopia.com/index.php/Configuring_a_Windows_Server_2008_Terminal_Services_License_Server (2016-02-13)
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  • Managing Windows Server 2008 Disk Quotas - Techotopia
    to which disk quotas are to be applied From the resulting menu select Properties In the Properties dialog click on the Quota tab to display the quota settings for the current volume As illustrated in the above figure disk quotas are disabled by default The first step therefore is to set the Enable quota management check box Once selected the other settings will activate so that they can be changed The first setting controls whether users will be denied disk space when the specified limit is reached If not selected the user will simply receive a warning The Limit disk space to setting allows the amount of allowed space for users to be set using either KB MB GB TB PB or EB Set the desired limit for this setting and then decide on a limit level at which the user will receive a warning This value enables you to have a warning issued to the user as they approach the limit giving them time to free up space before they are denied space Typically the warning level should be set to trigger when the user reaches 85 95 of the of the quota limit The final settings allow the administrator to control whether events are recorded in the logs when users receive warnings or exceed specified limits On completion of the quota settings click on Apply to apply the settings Windows will subsequently display a dialog warning that the disk quota system needs to be enabled before the settings can take effect Respond affirmatively to enable changes and implement the settings Configuring Disk Quotas for Individual Users As previously mentioned disk quotas on a volume apply by default to all users storing data on that volume with the exception of members of the Administrators group It is however possible to customize quota limits for individual users To achieve this return once again to Disk Management in the Computer Management tool right click on the volume in question and select Properties In the Properties dialog select the Quota tab and then click on the Quota Entries button to display the quota entries dialog for the selected volume The Quota Entries dialog lists quota entries for all the users who have stored data on the NTFS volume in question As shown above user Bill has already received warnings that disk usage is approaching his quota limit hardly surprising given the extremely low quota limit specified for the volume To increase quota limits for a single user right click on the user in entries list and select Properties from the menu to invoke the Quota settings dialog as illustrated in the following figure google WIN28BOX google With the quota settings dialog displayed increase the quota for the selected user to the appropriate amount for the user s needs and click on Apply to implement the change Alternatively remove quota limits entirely for the specified user by selecting the Do not limit disk usage option From the list of users it is clearly

    Original URL path: http://www.techotopia.com/index.php/Managing_Windows_Server_2008_Disk_Quotas (2016-02-13)
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  • Repairing and Defragmenting Windows Server 2008 Disks - Techotopia
    and mark them as bad V List the full path of every file on the volume on FAT FAT32 Displays messages related to fixing errors on NTFS volumes X Force the volume to dismount if currently mounted To perform a disk analysis without correcting any errors simply enter chkdsk at a command prompt together with the drive designator of the drive to be analyzed the following output is the result of running chkdsk on an NTFS volume C Windows system32 chkdsk e The type of the file system is NTFS Volume label is New Volume WARNING F parameter not specified Running CHKDSK in read only mode CHKDSK is verifying files stage 1 of 3 64 file records processed File verification completed 0 large file records processed 0 bad file records processed 0 EA records processed 0 reparse records processed CHKDSK is verifying indexes stage 2 of 3 90 index entries processed Index verification completed 0 unindexed files processed CHKDSK is verifying security descriptors stage 3 of 3 64 security descriptors processed Security descriptor verification completed 13 data files processed Windows has checked the file system and found no problems 8385535 KB total disk space 328864 KB in 9 files 16 KB in 15 indexes 0 KB in bad sectors 44715 KB in use by the system 43984 KB occupied by the log file 8011940 KB available on disk 4096 bytes in each allocation unit 2096383 total allocation units on disk 2002985 allocation units available on disk To perform error fixing run chkdsk with the F option Alternatively the R option will perform the same error fixing as F but will also check for bad sectors The X option performs the same error corrections as F but also dismounts the volume before doing so Defragmenting Disks with Disk Defragmenter google WIN28BOX google Disk defragmentation occurs over time as files written to clusters spread over a wide area of a disk volume This is the inevitable side effect of files being created and deleted over time and can ultimately result in degraded disk read write performance As such it is considered good practice to regularly monitor and when necessary defragment disk volumes One method for performing this task is to use the Disk Defragmenter tool which is accessed by right clicking on a disk volume in Windows Explorer or the Disk Management interface in Computer Management and selecting Properties In the properties dialog select the Tools tab and click on Defragment Now This will display the initial screen of the Disk Defragmenter as illustrated in the following figure The tool will perform a scan of the selected volume and report whether a defragmentation is recommended and in the above example it is recommended Click on Defragment now to initiate the defragmentation process This will cause the drive selection dialog to appear Select one or more disks to defragment from this dialog followed by OK to trigger the defragmentation process As each selected drive is defragmented the progress will be displayed together with

    Original URL path: http://www.techotopia.com/index.php/Repairing_and_Defragmenting_Windows_Server_2008_Disks (2016-02-13)
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  • Configuring Windows Server 2008 File Sharing - Techotopia
    settings click on the Advanced Sharing button to display the following dialog google WIN28BOX google In this dialog set the Share this folder option to enable the sharing of the folder Once this has been selected the Share name field and associated button will activate enabling a share name to be entered By default the name of the folder being shared will be displayed although this may be changed to another name if desired If the number of concurrent users accessing a shared folder is of concern modify the number of simultaneous users accordingly Enter optional comments about the share before clicking on Caching to configure the off line file settings This will invoke the Offline Settings dialog where a number of options are available including allowing each user to specify which files they would like to be able to access off line only having files that users actually access available off line and disabling off line sharing all together The final step in the folder sharing setup is to click on Permissions to configure the share permissions details of which are covered in a later section of this chapter Creating Shared Folders on Remote Servers with Computer Management Windows Explorer provides an excellent mechanism for configuring shares on the local system This approach falls a little short in terms of convenience however when it is necessary to configure shares on a remote server Fortunately Windows Server 2008 addresses this need by allowing shares to be configured from the Computer Management tool One point to note is that while this section will focus on the remote configuration of file shares the steps outlined here may equally be used to share files on a local server In fact the Create a Shared Folder Wizard can be invoked on a local machine either from Computer Management or by entering shrpubw at the command prompt or in a Run dialog After starting Computer Management on the local system right click on Computer Management in the left panel tree and select Connect to another computer In the resulting dialog box either enter the name of the remote computer or click on Browse and then Advanced to search the network or domain for the remote system Once a connection has been established to the remote server the Computer Management interface will refresh and the Computer Management link in the tree will also display the name of the selected remote server Once Computer Management is configured to administer a remote server the next step is to begin the folder sharing process Begin by unfolding the System Tools then Shared Folders branches of the tree in the left panel Select Shares to obtain a list of current shares configured on the remote system The following figure illustrates Computer Management with a list of shares configured on a remote system named WINSERVER 2 The creation of a new shared folder on the remote server although as previously mentioned this can also be used on local computers involves the

    Original URL path: http://www.techotopia.com/index.php/Configuring_Windows_Server_2008_File_Sharing (2016-02-13)
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  • Using NET SHARE to Configure Windows Server 2008 File Sharing - Techotopia
    than viewing the current shares the command prompt must be running with administrator privileges This can be achieved by right clicking on the Command Prompt in the Start menu and selecting Run as administrator Getting Share Information using Net Share To obtain information about currently configured shares on a Windows Server 2008 system simply execute the net share command will no command line options C Windows system32 net share Share name Resource Remark C C Default share E E Default share IPC Remote IPC ADMIN C Windows Remote Admin MyFolder C Users bill MyFolder Users C Users The command completed successfully Creating a Share using Net Share Perhaps the most common requirement when working with shared files and folders is to create a new share The most basic of commands simply creates the share and assigns a share name For example C Windows system32 net share MyFolder c users bill MyFolder MyFolder was shared successfully In the above example the folder located at c users bill MyFolder has been shared using the share name MyFolder By default Windows will assign read permission to Everyone when a share is created without specifying any permissions In order to grant specific permissions to individual users or groups the GRANT option must be used when creating the share to specify the share permissions to be assigned For example the following command creates the MyFolder share assigning full permission to user fred C Windows system32 net share MyFolder c users bill MyFolder GRANT fred FULL MyFolder was shared successfully If permissions need to be granted to multiple users or groups the GRANT option may be used multiple times in a single net share command In the following example full share permissions are granted to user fred while bill is only assigned read permission C Windows

    Original URL path: http://www.techotopia.com/index.php/Using_NET_SHARE_to_Configure_Windows_Server_2008_File_Sharing (2016-02-13)
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  • Understanding Windows Server 2008 File and Folder Ownership and Permissions - Techotopia
    any explicitly defined permissions on all descendant files and folders will be removed and replaced by inheritable permissions Click Yes to commit the change Basic File and Folder Permissions NTFS provides two levels of file and folder permissions which can be used to control user and group access These are basic permissions and special permissions In essence basic permissions are nothing more than pre configured sets of special permissions This section will look at basic permissions and the next will focus on special permissions and how they are used to create basic permissions The current basic permissions for a file or folder may be viewed by right clicking on the object in Windows Explorer selecting Properties and then choosing the Security tab At the top of the security properties panel is a list of users and groups for which permissions have been configured on the selected file or folder Selecting a group or user from the list causes the basic permissions for that user to be displayed in the lower half of the dialog Any permissions which are grayed out in the permission list are inherited from the parent folder The basic permission settings available differ slightly between files and folders The following table lists the basic folder permissions supported by Windows Server 2008 on NTFS volumes Permission Description Full Control Permission to read write change and delete files and sub folders Modify Permission to read and write to files in the folder and to delete current folder List Folder Contents Permission to obtain listing of files and folders and to execute files Read and Execute Permission to list files and folders and to execute files Write Permission to create new files and folders within selected folder Read Permission to list files and folders The following table outlines the basic file permissions Permission Description Full Control Permission to read write change and delete the file Modify Permission to read and write to and delete the file Read and Execute Permission to view file contents and execute file Write Permission to write to the file Read Permission to view the files contents To change the basic permission on a file or folder access the security panel of the properties dialog as outlined above and click Edit to display an editable version of the current settings To change permissions for users or groups already configured simply select the desired user or group from the list and change the settings in the permissions list as required keeping in mind that any grayed out permissions are inherited from the parent folder Click Apply to commit the changes To configure permissions for users or groups not already listed click on the Edit button on the security properties panel and click on Add Enter the names of users or groups separated by semi colons in the Select Users or Groups dialog box and then click on Check names to verify the names exist Click on OK to confirm the user or group and return to the

    Original URL path: http://www.techotopia.com/index.php/Understanding_Windows_Server_2008_File_and_Folder_Ownership_and_Permissions (2016-02-13)
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  • Auditing Windows Server 2008 File and Folder Access - Techotopia
    Local Policies branch of the tree and select Audit Policy Double click on the Audit Object Access item in the list to display the corresponding properties page and choose whether successful failed or both types of access to files or folders may be audited Once the settings are configured click on Apply to commit the changes and then OK to close the properties dialog With file and folder auditing enabled the next task is to select which files and folders are to be audited Configuring which Files and Folders are to be Audited google WIN28BOX google Once file and folder access auditing has been enabled the next step is to configure which files and folders are to be audited As with permissions auditing settings are inherited unless otherwise specified By default configuring auditing on a folder will result in access to all child subfolders and files also being audited Just as with inherited permissions the inheritance of auditing settings can be tuned off for either all or individual files and folders To configure auditing for a specific file or folder begin by right clicking on it in Windows Explorer and selecting Properties In the properties dialog select the Security tab and click on Advanced In the Advanced Security Settings dialog select the Auditing tab Auditing requires elevated privileges If not already logged in as an administrator click the Continue button to elevate privileges for the current task At this point the Auditing dialog will display the Auditing entries list containing any users and groups for which auditing has been enabled as shown below To add new users or groups whose access attempts to the select file or folder are to be audited click on the Add button to access the Select User or Group dialog Enter the names of groups

    Original URL path: http://www.techotopia.com/index.php/Auditing_Windows_Server_2008_File_and_Folder_Access (2016-02-13)
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  • Configuring Volume Shadow Copy on Windows Server 2008 - Techotopia
    Copy retains the last 64 versions of a file Therefore if a snapshot is run every hour the oldest restore point available to a user will be approximately two and half days in the past If on the other hand snapshots are taken twice a day the user will have the luxury of restoring a file from a point as much as 32 days ago It is important therefore to strike a balance between longevity and frequency The following screenshot illustrates the Shadow Copy scheduling dialog Once the schedules have been configured click on OK to dismiss the scheduling dialog Click OK once again in the Settings dialog to return to the Shadow Copy properties panel At this point the volume for which a schedule has been defined will have a small clock image superimposed over the volume icon and will indicate that 0 bytes of shadow copy storage have been used The next step is to enable shadow copies on the volume by selecting the volume from the list and clicking on the Enable button The volume in the list will update to display the date and time of the next scheduled copy and provide a summary of the current level of storage space used for the shadow copies To initiate a manual shadow copy now or at any other time simply select the volume to be copied from the list in the Shadow Copy properties panel and click on the Create Now button Restoring an Entire Volume To restore an entire volume access the Shadow Copy property panel either from Computer Management as outline above or by running vssuirun from a command prompt with elevated privileges Once loaded select the desired volume followed by a snapshot from which to restore from the Shadow copies of selected volume list and click on the Revert Now button This will revert all shared folders on the selected volume to their state at the point that the selected shadow copy was made It is important to note that restoration of entire volumes is not possible on system volumes since this would in all probability severely interfere with the current system state Configuring and Enabling Shadow Copy from the Command Line A significant amount of Shadow Copy functionality can be accessed via the command line using the vssadmin tool which is the focus of this section In order to obtain information about shadow copies configured on a system use vssadmin list shadows C Windows system32 vssadmin list shadows vssadmin 1 1 Volume Shadow Copy Service administrative command line tool C Copyright 2001 2005 Microsoft Corp Contents of shadow copy set ID 67f25a62 12f1 4e34 b14a 3b57cb03f4f8 Contained 1 shadow copies at creation time 8 22 2008 12 29 56 PM Shadow Copy ID bee54c7f 22a4 4bd0 b6c4 20bc51a8cded Original Volume E Volume 9fa5f191 6554 11dd 9ce6 000c295707db Shadow Copy Volume GLOBALROOT Device HarddiskVolumeShadowCopy2 Originating Machine winserver 2 Service Machine winserver 2 Provider Microsoft Software Shadow Copy provider 1 0 Type ClientAccessible Attributes Persistent

    Original URL path: http://www.techotopia.com/index.php/Configuring_Volume_Shadow_Copy_on_Windows_Server_2008 (2016-02-13)
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