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  • searle Archives - Unreal Blog
    pain nerves brain neuronal firings etc are similar to ours In the case of the Chinese room it certainly behaves as though it understands Chinese but it doesn t have any analogs in terms of the parts or mechanisms like a Chinese speaker Is it this break in analogy that is preventing Searle from assigning intelligence to it despite its intelligent behavior The second argument takes the form of another thought experiment I think it is called the Chinese Nation argument Let s say we can delegate the work of each neuron in Searle s brain to a non English speaking person So when Searle hears a question in English it is actually being handled by trillions of non English speaking computational elements which generate the same response as his brain would Now where is the English language understanding in this Chinese Nation of non English speaking people acting as neurons I think one would have to say that it is the whole nation that understands English Or would Searle laugh it off saying What the nation understands English Well if the Chinese nation could understand English I guess the Chinese room could understand Chinese as well Computing with mere symbol manipulation which is what the people in the nation are doing can and does lead to intelligence and understanding So our brains could really be computers and minds software manipulating symbols Ergo Searle is wrong Look I used Prof Searle s arguments and my counter arguments in this series as a sort of dialog for dramatic effect The fact of the matter is Prof Searle is a world renowned philosopher with impressive credentials while I am a sporadic blogger a drive by philosopher at best I guess I am apologizing here to Prof Searle and his students if they find my posts and comments offensive It was not intended only an interesting read was intended computing consciousness Philosophy searle Computers Philosophy Topical Problem of Other Minds December 30 2013 manoj How do you know other people have minds as you do This may sound like a silly question but if you allow yourself to think about it you will realize that you have no logical reason to believe in the existence of other minds which is why it is an unsolved problem in philosophy the Problem of Other Minds To illustrate I was working on that Ikea project the other day and was hammering in that weird two headed nail screw stub thingie I missed it completely and hit my thumb I felt the excruciating pain meaning my mind felt it and I cried out I know I have a mind because I felt the pain Now let s say I see another bozo hitting his thumb and crying out I feel no pain my mind feels nothing except a bit of empathy on a good day What positive logical basis do I have to think that the behavior crying is caused by pain felt by a mind Mind you I am not suggesting that others do not have minds or consciousness not yet at least I am merely pointing out that there is no logical basis to believe that they do Logic certainly is not the only basis for belief Faith is another Intuition analogy mass delusion indoctrination peer pressure instinct etc are all basis for beliefs both true and false I believe that others have minds otherwise I wouldn t bother writing these blog posts But I am keenly aware that I have no logical justification for this particular belief The thing about this problem of other minds is that it is profoundly asymmetric If I believe that you don t have a mind it is not an issue for you you know that I am wrong the moment you hear it because you know that you have a mind assuming of course that you do But I do have a serious issue there is no way for me to attack my belief in the non existence of your mind You could tell me of course but then I would think Yeah that is exactly what a mindless robot would be programmed to say I was listening to a series of lectures on the philosophy of mind by Prof John Searle He solves the problem of other minds by analogy We know that we have the same anatomical and neurophysical wirings in addition to analogous behavior So we can convince ourselves that we all have minds It is a good argument as far as it goes What bothers me about it is its complement what it implies about minds in things that are wired differently like snakes and lizards and fish and slugs and ants and bacteria and viruses And of course machines Could machines have minds The answer to this is rather trivial of course they can We are biological machines and we have minds assuming again that you guys do Could computers have minds Or more pointedly could our brains be computers and minds be software running on it That is fodder for the next post computing consciousness Philosophy searle Life and Death Philosophy Dualism March 2 2011 manoj After being called one of the top 50 philosophy bloggers I feel almost obliged to write another post on philosophy This might vex Jat who while appreciating the post on my first car was somewhat less than enthusiastic about my deeper thoughts Also looking askance at my philosophical endeavors would be a badminton buddy of mine who complained that my posts on death scared the bejesus out of him But what can I say I have been listening to a lot of philosophy I listened to the lectures by Shelly Kagan on just that dreaded topic of death and by John Searle again on the philosophy of mind Listening to these lectures filled me with another kind of dread I realized once again how ignorant I am and how much there is to know think and

    Original URL path: http://www.thulasidas.com/tag/searle/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Minds as Machine Intelligence - Unreal Blog
    believing that they are communicating with a real Chinese speaker Assume that this can be done Now here is the punch line Searle doesn t know a word of Chinese He doesn t know what the symbols mean So mere rule based symbol manipulation is not enough to guarantee intelligence consciousness understanding etc Passing the Turing Test is not enough to guarantee intelligence One of the counter arguements that I found most interesting is what Searle calls the systems argument It is not Searle in the Chinese room that understands Chinese it is the whole system including the ruleset that does Searle laughs it off saying What the room understands Chinese I think the systems argument merits more that that derisive dismissal I have two supporting arguments in favor of the systems response The first one is the point I made in the previous post in this series In Problem of Other Minds we saw that Searle s answer to the question whether others have minds was essentially by behavior and analogy Others behave as though they have minds in that they cry out when we hit their thumb with a hammer and their internal mechanisms for pain nerves brain neuronal firings etc are similar to ours In the case of the Chinese room it certainly behaves as though it understands Chinese but it doesn t have any analogs in terms of the parts or mechanisms like a Chinese speaker Is it this break in analogy that is preventing Searle from assigning intelligence to it despite its intelligent behavior The second argument takes the form of another thought experiment I think it is called the Chinese Nation argument Let s say we can delegate the work of each neuron in Searle s brain to a non English speaking person So when Searle hears a question in English it is actually being handled by trillions of non English speaking computational elements which generate the same response as his brain would Now where is the English language understanding in this Chinese Nation of non English speaking people acting as neurons I think one would have to say that it is the whole nation that understands English Or would Searle laugh it off saying What the nation understands English Well if the Chinese nation could understand English I guess the Chinese room could understand Chinese as well Computing with mere symbol manipulation which is what the people in the nation are doing can and does lead to intelligence and understanding So our brains could really be computers and minds software manipulating symbols Ergo Searle is wrong Look I used Prof Searle s arguments and my counter arguments in this series as a sort of dialog for dramatic effect The fact of the matter is Prof Searle is a world renowned philosopher with impressive credentials while I am a sporadic blogger a drive by philosopher at best I guess I am apologizing here to Prof Searle and his students if they find my posts

    Original URL path: http://www.thulasidas.com/minds-as-machine-intelligence/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Problem of Other Minds - Unreal Blog
    by a mind Mind you I am not suggesting that others do not have minds or consciousness not yet at least I am merely pointing out that there is no logical basis to believe that they do Logic certainly is not the only basis for belief Faith is another Intuition analogy mass delusion indoctrination peer pressure instinct etc are all basis for beliefs both true and false I believe that others have minds otherwise I wouldn t bother writing these blog posts But I am keenly aware that I have no logical justification for this particular belief The thing about this problem of other minds is that it is profoundly asymmetric If I believe that you don t have a mind it is not an issue for you you know that I am wrong the moment you hear it because you know that you have a mind assuming of course that you do But I do have a serious issue there is no way for me to attack my belief in the non existence of your mind You could tell me of course but then I would think Yeah that is exactly what a mindless robot would be programmed to say I was listening to a series of lectures on the philosophy of mind by Prof John Searle He solves the problem of other minds by analogy We know that we have the same anatomical and neurophysical wirings in addition to analogous behavior So we can convince ourselves that we all have minds It is a good argument as far as it goes What bothers me about it is its complement what it implies about minds in things that are wired differently like snakes and lizards and fish and slugs and ants and bacteria and viruses And of course machines

    Original URL path: http://www.thulasidas.com/problem-of-other-minds/ (2016-02-16)
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  • iphoto Archives - Unreal Blog
    wrong It appears that Time Machine doesn t backup the iPhoto Library properly if iPhoto is open according to Apple More precisely the recently imported photos and events may not get backed up This bug or feature was reported earlier and discussed in detail I thought I would share my experience here because it was important piece of information and might save somebody some time and possibly some valuable photos And I feel it is disingenuous of Apple to tout the Time Machine as the mother of all backup solutions with this glaring bug After all your photos are among the most precious of your data If they are not backed up and migrated properly why bother with Time Machine at all To recap If you find your photo collection incomplete after migrating to your shiny new iMac using a Time Machine backup don t panic if you still have your old Mac Exit gracefully from iPhoto on both the machines Copy your old iPhoto Library from the old Mac over to the new one after properly exiting from iPhoto on both machines Restart iPhoto on the new Mac and enjoy How to prevent this from happening Before the final Time Machine backup from your old Mac ensure that iPhoto is not running In fact it may be worth exiting from all applications before taking the final snapshot If you want to be doubly sure consider another automated backup solution just for your iPhoto Library I use Carbon Copy Cloner Photo by Victor Svensson computing iphoto mac time machine Computers Creative How to Avoid Duplicate Imports in iPhoto December 31 2011 manoj For the budding photographer in you iPhoto is a godsend It is the iLife photo organization program that comes pre installed on your swanky new iMac or Mac Book Air In fact I would go as far as to say that iPhoto is one of the main reasons to switch to a Mac I know there are alternatives but for seamless integration and smooth as silk workflow iPhoto reigns supreme But ah there is always a but the workflow in iPhoto can create a problem for some It expects you to shoot pictures connect your camera to your Mac move the photos from the camera to the Mac enhance edit and share Facebook flickr or print or make photo books This flow with some face recognition red eye removal event album creation etc works like a charm if you are just starting out with your new digital camera What if you already have 20 000 old photos and scans on your old computer in My Pictures This is the problem I was faced with when I started playing with iPhoto I pride myself in anticipating such problems So I decided to import my old library very carefully While importing My Pictures which was fairly organized to begin with I went through it folder by folder dragging and dropping them on iPhoto and at the same time labeling them

    Original URL path: http://www.thulasidas.com/tag/iphoto/ (2016-02-16)
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  • time machine Archives - Unreal Blog
    the necessary database update all the events and photos showed up Phew So what exactly went wrong It appears that Time Machine doesn t backup the iPhoto Library properly if iPhoto is open according to Apple More precisely the recently imported photos and events may not get backed up This bug or feature was reported earlier and discussed in detail I thought I would share my experience here because it was important piece of information and might save somebody some time and possibly some valuable photos And I feel it is disingenuous of Apple to tout the Time Machine as the mother of all backup solutions with this glaring bug After all your photos are among the most precious of your data If they are not backed up and migrated properly why bother with Time Machine at all To recap If you find your photo collection incomplete after migrating to your shiny new iMac using a Time Machine backup don t panic if you still have your old Mac Exit gracefully from iPhoto on both the machines Copy your old iPhoto Library from the old Mac over to the new one after properly exiting from iPhoto on both machines Restart iPhoto on the new Mac and enjoy How to prevent this from happening Before the final Time Machine backup from your old Mac ensure that iPhoto is not running In fact it may be worth exiting from all applications before taking the final snapshot If you want to be doubly sure consider another automated backup solution just for your iPhoto Library I use Carbon Copy Cloner Photo by Victor Svensson computing iphoto mac time machine Computers Slow Time Machine with Time Capsule SOLVED October 12 2012 manoj Let me guess you bought a new Time Capsule set up your Time Machine to back up half a terabyte of family photos and home videos and expected it to be hands free from then on Then you got this progress bar saying that it will take 563 days or some such ridiculous number to sync Your next step was to trawl Google which would have shown you that you are not alone You would have tried disk utility to repair your Time Capsule disk disabled Spotlight indexing connected your Mac directly to TC etc Nothing has helped so far Fear not here is what you need to do First of all launch your software update pane from your system preferences on your Mac Ensure that you have this update which specifically addresses this problem Here is what Apple says about this update About OS X Lion 10 7 5 Supplemental Update The OS X v10 7 5 Supplemental Update is recommended for all users running OS X Lion v10 7 5 and includes the following fixes Resolves an issue that may cause Time Machine backups to take a very long time to complete Addresses an issue that prevents certain applications signed with a Developer ID from launching If it is not installed

    Original URL path: http://www.thulasidas.com/tag/time-machine/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Slow Time Machine with Time Capsule - SOLVED! - Unreal Blog
    from your system preferences on your Mac Ensure that you have this update which specifically addresses this problem Here is what Apple says about this update About OS X Lion 10 7 5 Supplemental Update The OS X v10 7 5 Supplemental Update is recommended for all users running OS X Lion v10 7 5 and includes the following fixes Resolves an issue that may cause Time Machine backups to take a very long time to complete Addresses an issue that prevents certain applications signed with a Developer ID from launching If it is not installed click on the Scheduled Check tab and install it Note that it may be installed as bundled with other updates So as long as your Mac is up to date you don t have to worry too much about missing this particular update In all likelihood this update is all that you will need to fix your slow Time Machine on Time Capsule To verify restart your machine and launch Time Machine Give it a few minutes and see if the speed is acceptable about 10 20 MB a second on your wired Gigabit network If it is not or if you have other reasons for not installing the update there are a few other these tips you can try Quit applications that may be indexing the file system Dropbox QuickSilver etc Find them on your menu bar Right click on the icons and select Quit Ensure that Finder is not set to show all size Open a Finder window hit Cmd J to bring up these options and ensure that the Calculate All Sizes is not ticked despite the fact that it is shown ticked in the screenshot here Note that it is not under the usual Finder preferences which you would bring up using Cmd I The last thing to try is to kill and relaunch Finder Click on the Apple logo on any menu bar select Force Quit to bring up the window show select Finder and hit the Relaunch button The last step of killing and relaunching Finder has been touted as something that definitely works So do give it a try if nothing else helps Another way of killing and relaunching Finder is to issue the command killall Finder from a terminal window If these tips didn t work you are pretty much out of luck There are still one more thing you could try which probably will not work It certainly didn t for me but gave me a sense that I was fixing the problem Connect your Time Capsule TC directly to your Mac In order to do this follow these steps First connect your TC to your network and set it up using the Airport Utility Disconnect it from your network Disconnect the ethernet cable Disconnect the ethernet cable from your Mac and connect TC one of the three output ports to your Mac Share this Click to share on Reddit Opens in new window Click

    Original URL path: http://www.thulasidas.com/slow-time-machine-with-time-capsule-solved/ (2016-02-16)
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  • mac os Archives - Unreal Blog
    hit Cmd J to bring up these options and ensure that the Calculate All Sizes is not ticked despite the fact that it is shown ticked in the screenshot here Note that it is not under the usual Finder preferences which you would bring up using Cmd I The last thing to try is to kill and relaunch Finder Click on the Apple logo on any menu bar select Force Quit to bring up the window show select Finder and hit the Relaunch button The last step of killing and relaunching Finder has been touted as something that definitely works So do give it a try if nothing else helps Another way of killing and relaunching Finder is to issue the command killall Finder from a terminal window If these tips didn t work you are pretty much out of luck There are still one more thing you could try which probably will not work It certainly didn t for me but gave me a sense that I was fixing the problem Connect your Time Capsule TC directly to your Mac In order to do this follow these steps First connect your TC to your network and set it up using the Airport Utility Disconnect it from your network Disconnect the ethernet cable Disconnect the ethernet cable from your Mac and connect TC one of the three output ports to your Mac mac mac os time capsule time machine Computers Creative How to Avoid Duplicate Imports in iPhoto December 31 2011 manoj For the budding photographer in you iPhoto is a godsend It is the iLife photo organization program that comes pre installed on your swanky new iMac or Mac Book Air In fact I would go as far as to say that iPhoto is one of the main reasons to switch to a Mac I know there are alternatives but for seamless integration and smooth as silk workflow iPhoto reigns supreme But ah there is always a but the workflow in iPhoto can create a problem for some It expects you to shoot pictures connect your camera to your Mac move the photos from the camera to the Mac enhance edit and share Facebook flickr or print or make photo books This flow with some face recognition red eye removal event album creation etc works like a charm if you are just starting out with your new digital camera What if you already have 20 000 old photos and scans on your old computer in My Pictures This is the problem I was faced with when I started playing with iPhoto I pride myself in anticipating such problems So I decided to import my old library very carefully While importing My Pictures which was fairly organized to begin with I went through it folder by folder dragging and dropping them on iPhoto and at the same time labeling them and the photos therein with what I thought were appropriate colors I used the Get Info function in Finder for

    Original URL path: http://www.thulasidas.com/tag/mac-os/ (2016-02-16)
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  • time capsule Archives - Unreal Blog
    Lion 10 7 5 Supplemental Update The OS X v10 7 5 Supplemental Update is recommended for all users running OS X Lion v10 7 5 and includes the following fixes Resolves an issue that may cause Time Machine backups to take a very long time to complete Addresses an issue that prevents certain applications signed with a Developer ID from launching If it is not installed click on the Scheduled Check tab and install it Note that it may be installed as bundled with other updates So as long as your Mac is up to date you don t have to worry too much about missing this particular update In all likelihood this update is all that you will need to fix your slow Time Machine on Time Capsule To verify restart your machine and launch Time Machine Give it a few minutes and see if the speed is acceptable about 10 20 MB a second on your wired Gigabit network If it is not or if you have other reasons for not installing the update there are a few other these tips you can try Quit applications that may be indexing the file system Dropbox QuickSilver etc Find them on your menu bar Right click on the icons and select Quit Ensure that Finder is not set to show all size Open a Finder window hit Cmd J to bring up these options and ensure that the Calculate All Sizes is not ticked despite the fact that it is shown ticked in the screenshot here Note that it is not under the usual Finder preferences which you would bring up using Cmd I The last thing to try is to kill and relaunch Finder Click on the Apple logo on any menu bar select Force Quit to bring

    Original URL path: http://www.thulasidas.com/tag/time-capsule/ (2016-02-16)
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