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  • Topplebush.com: A premier collection of articles on Bush and his family, past and present, including many articles on his failures as a businessman and as Governor of TX and President
    Max Cleland Saxby Chambliss race This is an example and does not contain the real data Here is what the Totals Report will look like in GEMS As it stands Cleland is stomping Chambliss Let s make it more exciting The GEMS election file contains more than one set of books They are hidden from the person running the GEMS program but you can see them if you go into Microsoft Access You might look at it like this Suppose you have votes on paper ballots and you pile all the paper ballots in room one Then you make a copy of all the ballots and put the stack of copies in room 2 You then leave the door open to room 2 so that people can come in and out replacing some of the votes in the stack with their own You could have some sort of security device that would tell you if any of the copies of votes in room 2 have been changed but you opt not to Now suppose you want to count the votes Should you count them from room 1 original votes Or should you count them from room 2 where they may or may not be the same as room 1 What Diebold chose to do in the files we examined was to count the votes from room2 Illustration If an intruder opens the GEMS program in Microsoft Access they will find that each candidate has an assigned number One can then go see how many votes a candidate has by visiting room 1 which is called the CandidateCounter In the above example 454 represents Max Cleland and 455 represents Saxby Chambliss Now let s visit Room2 which has copies of Room1 You can find it in an Access table called SumCandidateCounter Now let s put our own votes in Room2 We ll put Chambliss ahead by a nose by subtracting 100 from Cleland and adding 100 to Chambliss Always add and delete the same number of votes so the number of voters won t change Notice that we have only tampered with the votes in Room 2 In Room 1 they remain the same Room 1 after tampering with Room 2 Now let s run a report again Go into GEMS and run the totals report Here s what it looks like now Now the above example is for a simple race using just one precinct If you run a detail report you ll see that the precinct report pulls the untampered data while the totals report pulls the tampered data This would allow a precinct to pass a spot check Detailed Examination Of Diebold GEMS Voting Machine Security Part 2 CAN THE PASSWORD BE BYPASSED At least a dozen full installation versions of the GEMS program were available on the Diebold ftp site The manual also available on the ftp site tells that the default password in a new installation is GEMSUSER Anyone who downloaded and installed GEMS can bypass the passwords in elections In this examination we installed GEMS clicked new and made a test election then closed it and opened the same file in Microsoft Access One finds where they store the passwords by clicking the Operator table Anyone can copy an encrypted password from there go to an election database and paste it into that Example Cobb County Election file One can overwrite the admin password with another copied from another GEMS installation It will appear encrypted no worries just cut and paste In this example we saved the old admin password so we could replace it later and delete the evidence that we d been there An intruder can grant himself administrative privileges by putting zeros in the other boxes following the example in admin How many people can gain access A sociable election hacker can give all his friends access to the database too In this case they were added in a test GEMS installation and copied into the Cobb County Microsoft Access file It encrypted each password as a different character string however all the passwords are the same word password Password replacement can also be done directly in Access To assess how tightly controlled the election files really are we added 50 of our friends so far we haven t found a limit to how many people can be granted access to the election database Using this simple way to bypass password security an intruder or an insider can enter GEMS programs and play with election databases to their heart s content Detailed Examination Of Diebold GEMS Voting Machine Security Part 3 CAN THE AUDIT TRAIL BE ALTERED Britain J Williams Ph D is the official voting machine certifier for the state of Georgia and he sits on the committee that decides how voting machines will be tested and evaluated Here s what he had to say about the security of Diebold voting machines in a letter dated April 23 2003 Computer System Security Features The computer portion of the election system contains features that facilitate overall security of the election system Primary among these features is a comprehensive set of audit data For transactions that occur on the system a record is made of the nature of the transaction the time of the transaction and the person that initiated the transaction This record is written to the audit log If an incident occurs on the system this audit log allows an investigator to reconstruct the sequence of events that occurred surrounding the incident In addition passwords are used to limit access to the system to authorized personnel Since Dr Williams listed the audit data as the primary security feature we decided to find out how hard it is to alter the audit log Here is a copy of a GEMS audit report Note that a user by the name of Evildoer was added Evildoer performed various functions including running reports to check his vote rigging work but only some of his activities

    Original URL path: http://www.topplebush.com/article14_election.shtml (2016-02-13)
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  • Topplebush.com: A premier collection of articles on Bush and his family, past and present, including many articles on his failures as a businessman and as Governor of TX and President
    information on Black Box Voting Ballot Tampering In The 21st Century See http www blackboxvoting com and it s activist arm http www blackboxvoting org Pre Order your copy of Black Box Voting today For more background and live news links on this news subject see also Scoop s Special Feature A Very American Coup APPENDICES APPENDIX ONE EXTRACT FROM CBS REPORT INTO ELECTION 2000 Pages 16 to 25 CBS NEWS COVERAGE OF ELECTION NIGHT 2000 Investigation Analysis Recommendations Prepared By Linda Mason CBS News Kathleen Frankovic CBS News Kathleen Hall Jamieson The Annenberg School for Communication University of Pennsylvania January 2001 CBS News 2001 Full report here http www cbsnews com htdocs c2k pdf REPFINAL pdf EXTRACT FROM REPORT BEGINS 16 THE FLORIDA CALLS As CBS News began its Election Night coverage at 7 00 PM on Tuesday November 7 Dan Rather pointed out that since Florida wasn t called when a majority of the state s polls closed at 7 00 PM this would be a tight race Rather told the audience We re waiting on a possible decision in Florida but you ve got time to put on another cup of coffee and pour it because in Florida it s generally considered to be so close that it may be a long while before anybody is able to call it Given what eventually happened that may have been the wisest comment of the night But less than 20 minutes later CBS and other networks called Florida for Gore and the evening s roller coaster ride began Let us review what happened The Call for Gore How It Happened 7 00 PM The vast majority of Florida polls close CBS News decides not to project a winner in the Florida Presidential race at poll closing even though the best estimate based upon exit poll interviews from the 45 survey precincts shows Gore leading Bush by 6 6 points The Decision Desk decides to wait for some actual votes from sample precincts to confirm the exit poll results 7 40 PM The VNS computation shows a call status in the Florida Presidential race This status means that statistically Gore is leading but the Decision Team needs to check more data 7 45 PM The CBS News Decision Team begins an intensive review of the state exit polls and the trickle of actual votes in the sample precincts The CBS News analysts look at the calculation that compares the exit poll results with the actual votes in the same precincts The CBS News Decision Desk is aware that two years ago in the VNS survey of the Jeb Bush race for governor exit polls underestimated the Bush lead This year the exit poll is overstating George W Bush s vote in the first precincts to report The analysts had noticed a similar overstatement earlier in the evening in the Kentucky exit poll Now the analysts examine the actual vote of the 4 percent of precincts statewide that have reported at this time Although the tabulated vote shows Bush with a 6 point lead they see this as an early aberration the result of absentee ballots that had been entered into the system early in the evening The absentee vote was expected to favor Bush so the analysts do not consider this one time occurrence to be representative of the vote to come Later this judgment proves to be incorrect The CBS News Decision Team also notes that the standard margin of error on the estimates is small enough to make the probability of a Gore win fall within CBS News guidelines for a call 7 48 PM NBC projects Gore the winner in Florida Page 17 7 50 11 PM CBS projects Gore the winner in Florida 7 52 32 PM VNS calls Florida for Gore Page 18 Analysis of the Call for Gore The outcome of the Florida election was a virtual tie In its ongoing review VNS suggests that the wrong call for Vice President Gore in Florida could have resulted from a combination of many factors If any one of these had turned out differently it is very likely that the race would not have been called VNS has identified four possible sources of error Estimate of the Absentee Vote Absentee voters tend to have different demographic profiles and often vote differently than Election Day voters making it difficult to account accurately and completely for absentee votes in the models As the size of the absentee vote increases so does the potential for error in the estimates The model had estimated the size of the absentee vote at 7 2 percent In fact it turned out to be 12 percent of the total Florida vote The model also assumed that the absentees would be 22 4 points more Republican than Election Day voters They turned out to be 23 7 points more Republican Sampling Error The results of the exit poll normally vary from the actual tabulated vote by a small amount sampling error A large difference between the exit poll results and the tabulated vote for that precinct would suggest the possibility of interviewing problems The amount of this error in Florida fell within the normal range for an exit poll although it was at the high end However the exit poll sample itself even after the actual vote totals from those precincts were examined was also more pro Gore than the state as a whole Past Race Comparisons One of the most important ways that VNS models form estimates of the vote is to compare current exit poll data and tabulated votes with data from past elections Throughout the night the 1998 Florida gubernatorial race was used as the past race comparison However had the model used a different past race either the 1996 Presidential election or the 1998 Senate race it would have produced a more accurate estimate Distortions Caused by the Time of Reporting At 7 50 PM there were only six precincts with both exit poll data and actual reported vote The estimate of the average error within those precincts suggested that the survey was actually underestimating the Gore lead by 1 7 percentage points when in reality it turned out later that the exit poll was overestimating the Gore lead by 2 8 points Miami and Tampa the areas that had the biggest overstatement of the Gore lead in the exit polls had reported no actual votes by 7 50 PM so there was nothing to contradict the distortion in the exit polls Page 19 Withdrawing the Call for Gore How It Happened 8 02 PM By this time VNS and all its members have projected Gore the winner in Florida 8 10 PM The CBS News analysts have been rechecking the Florida race and feel even more confident about the call for Gore based on the data available at 8 10 9 00 PM A member of the CBS News Decision Team notices a change in one of the Florida computations One of the estimates the one based solely on tabulated county votes is now showing a Bush lead Alerted the team begins to review Florida and discovers problems with the data 9 07 PM VNS reports county tabulated vote data from one county Duval that puts Gore in the lead in the tabulated vote estimate It turns out that this was an error apparently an entry mistake by a keypunch operator at VNS headquarters Although this error occurs long after the Gore call has been made it seems to support the accuracy of a Gore win until the data entry mistake is discovered The wrong data showed Gore receiving 98 percent of the tabulated vote In the end he received only 41 percent of the vote in Duval 9 38 PM VNS discovers the error and deletes the Duval County vote from the system sending a correction to all members Gore s total in Florida is reduced by 40 000 votes 9 54 PM The CBS News Decision Desk recommends that the call in Florida for Gore be withdrawn CBS is in a local cutaway at 9 54 PM the seven minutes at the end of the hour when local stations broadcast their own election results and so CBS does not withdraw the call until 10 00 PM 10 16 PM VNS retracts its Florida call for Gore Page 20 The Call for Bush and Its Withdrawal How It Happened 2 00 AM The CBS News Decision Team tracks the Bush margin in the Florida popular vote He leads by 29 000 votes in VNS with some strongly Democratic counties yet to complete their counts But the AP numbers are telling a different story The AP independently collects election returns from each county Since 1 12 AM AP tabulations show the Bush lead dropping precipitously But the people on the CBS News Decision Desk are not following the AP reports nor are they listening to Ed Bradley in the studio talking about irregularities and outstanding Democratic votes in Florida At 1 43 43 Bradley points to the fact that a third of the vote is not yet in from Dade and Broward Counties which are Democratic strongholds At 1 48 10 Bradley says Bush ahead by 38 000 votes And still out there about 5 percent of the vote is still out 270 000 votes So that s a big chunk of votes Bradley has been getting additional information from the AP wire as well as from CBS News Correspondent Byron Pitts who is reporting from Florida that there are a number of counties still tabulating votes many of them predominantly Democratic What has not yet been discovered is an erroneous entry from another Florida county Volusia Because of a faulty computer memory card the county has reported votes that are off by thousands The initial report from Precinct 216 incorrectly subtracts more than 16 000 votes from Gore s total and adds votes to Bush s total 2 05 AM Bush leads by 29 386 on the VNS screens with 96 percent of the precincts reporting The models project a very small Bush win for the end of the night But at this time there is still no way to call the race 2 09 AM VNS adds Volusia County s erroneous numbers to its tabulated vote With 171 out of 172 precincts in the county reporting Gore s vote drops by more than 10 000 while Bush s rises by almost the same amount This 20 000 vote change in one county increases Bush s VNS statewide lead to more than 51 000 votes 2 09 32 AM At almost the same time Bradley fires off what in retrospect was a warning shot but one that sails right by the CBS News Decision Desk Among the votes that aren t counted are Volusia County Traditionally they re one of the last counties to come in That s an area that has 260 000 registered voters Many of them are black and most of them are Democrat 2 10 AM The CBS News Decision Desk begins to seriously discuss calling Florida for Bush According to the new VNS vote count Bush is ahead by 51 433 votes with 5 575 730 votes counted in 97 percent of the precincts statewide The CBS News Decision Desk looks at how many votes are outstanding in three major Democratic counties Dade Palm Beach and Broward The statistical analysis projects that Bush s margin of victory will remain greater than 30 000 votes even when those counties are factored in Page 21 But there is an error in the assumption instead of the 179 713 votes the VNS model says have yet to be counted there are in fact about twice as many outstanding votes many of them absentee ballots from Palm Beach County Bush s lead in the VNS count includes the 20 000 vote error undercounting Gore in Volusia County and does not include 4 000 additional votes for Gore in Brevard County These 24 000 votes would have nearly eliminated the 30 000 vote final Bush margin the CBS News Decision Desk has estimated There would have been no call if these errors had not been in the system 2 12 AM In the AP count Bush s margin falls to 47 854 But again the Decision Desk is not checking the AP wire 2 16 AM Fox calls Florida for Bush The immediate reaction of the CBS News analysts is frustration because the CBS News Decision Desk is within minutes of calling the race itself The CBS News analysts spend the next 90 seconds confirming the numbers 2 16 AM NBC calls Florida for Bush 2 16 AM The AP lead for Bush drops by 17 000 votes to 30 000 This 17 000 vote drop occurring in only four minutes is the Volusia County correction But VNS does not catch the correction until later and no one on the CBS News Decision Desk is watching the AP wire or listening to Bradley s reporting 2 16 17 AM Dan Rather talks with Bradley about outstanding absentee votes and the potentially large number of votes still out in Daytona Volusia County 2 17 52 AM The CBS News Decision Desk calls Florida for Bush and Rather declares him the winner of the Presidential election 2 20 AM ABC calls Florida for Bush 2 40 AM VNS is showing Bush with a lead of 55 537 with only 68 579 votes left to be counted Had the CBS News Decision Desk analysts not made the call at 2 17 they say they would have made it at 2 40 2 47 AM The AP reports the Bush lead down to 13 934 2 48 AM VNS shows the Bush lead at 55 449 2 51 AM VNS corrects its Volusia error and Bush s lead drops to 39 606 2 52 AM The AP reports the Bush lead down to 11 090 Page 22 22 2 55 AM With a large report of votes from Palm Beach County VNS reports the Bush lead down to 9 163 3 00 AM Rather tells the audience to stay tuned We haven t heard yet from either Al Gore or from the triumphant Governor Bush We do expect to hear from them in the forthcoming minutes 3 10 AM A consultant in the CBS News studio working with Lesley Stahl at the House and Governors Desk informs the CBS News Decision Desk of the huge drop in the Bush lead and the CBS News Decision Team begins investigating the numbers It also begins tracking numbers on the Florida Secretary of State s Web site and from the AP While the three sets of numbers are different all of them show that the race has narrowed tremendously At this time there is no report from VNS analyzing what has brought about this dramatic change 3 32 AM There has been much anticipation during the last half hour about the expected Gore concession speech Rather gives a possible and uncannily prescient explanation for Gore s absence It wouldn t surprise anybody least of all your narrator if Al Gore said You know what I am not going to concede this thing because it s just too close I want somebody to get in there and recount those ballots 3 40 AM Bush s lead drops to 6 060 votes At around this time but he is not sure exactly when CBS News President Andrew Heyward receives a call in the control room from Gore Campaign Chairman William Daley It lasts less than a minute Daley asks whether Heyward is aware of the dwindling Bush lead and whether CBS News is considering pulling back its call for Bush Heyward is noncommittal and asks what Gore is planning to do Daley says I ll get right back to you hangs up and does not call back There is more talk in the studio between Rather and the correspondents about the peculiarities now emerging in the Florida vote count They discuss the AP count of the decreasing margin for Bush 3 48 AM Rather says Now the situation at the moment is nobody knows for a fact who has won Florida Far be it from me to question one of our esteemed leaders CBS management but somebody needs to begin explaining why Florida has now not been pulled back to the undecided category He goes on to say A senior Gore aide is quoted by Reuters as confirming that Gore has withdrawn his concession in the U S President race 3 57 AM The Bush margin has narrowed to fewer than 2 000 votes Before the CBS News Decision Desk can officially advise a retraction CBS News President Heyward who has been watching the Bush lead melt away and listening to Rather and Bradley discuss the Florida situation orders that CBS News retract the call for Bush 4 05 AM By this time the other networks rescind the Florida call for Bush Page 23 4 10 AM Bush s lead drops to 1 831 votes which is roughly where it remains until the first recount Page 24 Analysis of the Call for Bush The call was based entirely on the tabulated county vote There were several data errors that were responsible for that mistake The most egregious of the data errors has been well documented Vote reports from Volusia County severely understated Gore s actual total when a faulty computer memory card reported votes that were off by thousands That precinct Number 216 subtracted more than 16 000 votes from Gore s total and added votes to Bush s total In addition an apparent reporting error in Brevard County reduced Gore s total by an additional 4 000 votes The mistakes both of which originated with the counties were critical since there were only about 3 percent of the state s precincts outstanding at this time They incorrectly increased Bush s lead in the tabulated vote from about 27 000 to more than 51 000 Had it not been for these errors the CBS News call for Bush at 2 17 52 AM would not have been made While the errors should have been caught by VNS and CBS News analysts through a comparison of VNS data with data from the AP or the Florida Secretary of State VNS computers could also have had a more sophisticated program that would have constantly compared one set of numbers with the others and raised a warning signal Unlike the television networks the Associated Press never called Florida for Bush and as we mentioned earlier neither did VNS There was another problem the VNS end of the night model uses a straightforward projection of the number of precincts yet to report in each county It assumes that the outstanding precincts in each county will be of average size and will vote in the same way as the precincts that have already reported from that county However at 2 17 AM there were more as yet uncounted votes than the model predicted In fact in Palm Beach County a heavily Democratic area there were three times as many votes yet to be reported as the model predicted Some of that appears to be accounted for by the late release by county election officials of a large absentee vote Page 25 Conclusion As we have seen above the first Florida call for Gore was probably unavoidable given the current system of projecting winners Early in the evening the sample that VNS selected to represent voters statewide overestimated Gore s lead and a call was made for him As the tabulated vote started accumulating Gore lost his apparent lead and a decision was made to take back the call The ongoing VNS reviews have determined that the exit poll sample of precincts in this election did not adequately represent the state The exit poll sample estimated a significant Gore lead that never materialized That fact remained unknown until the actual vote count The sampling data and exit polling did not take into account the 12 percent of the Florida vote that was cast by absentee ballot which also affected the quality of the data The CBS News Decision Desk could not have known about these problems However the second Florida call the one for Bush could have been avoided It was based as we have seen on a combination of faulty tabulations entered into the total Florida vote with an especially large error from Volusia County that exaggerated Bush s lead Later in the early morning hours reports from large precincts in Palm Beach were recorded along with a surge of absentee ballots from that county When the Volusia County numbers were corrected and the new numbers from Palm Beach taken into account the Bush lead shrank and a decision was made to take back the Bush call The call might have been avoided if there had been better communication between the CBS News Decision Desk and the CBS News studio and newsgathering operations which had been reporting ballot irregularities and large numbers of potentially Democratic votes still outstanding and if the VNS vote totals had been checked against the ones from the AP and the Florida Secretary of State s Web site The AP corrected the Volusia County error 35 minutes before VNS did and one minute before CBS News made its call And despite all the understandable focus on the Florida calls they were not the only mistaken calls of the night EXTRACT FROM REPORT ENDS APPENDIX TWO THE DIEBOLD MEMOS Archive of Diebold Memos related to Volusia County 2000 incident NOTE The originals of these memos can be viewed online via a project located at http why war com features 2003 10 diebold html CONTENTS Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Guy Lancaster 2 RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election John McLaurin 2 RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Ken Clark 0 Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Guy Lancaster 0 RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Ian S Piper 2 RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election John McLaurin 2 RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election John McLaurin 0 RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Ian S Piper 0 Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Talbot Iredale 2 RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election John McLaurin 1 RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Ken Clark 0 Re Investigation of Volusia s Memory Cards John McLaurin NEW MESSAGE Date Prev Date Next Chronological Thread Top Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election To Support Support Subject Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From Guy Lancaster Date Thu 18 Jan 2001 11 41 08 0800 Organization Global Election Systems Inc References This is an overview on what memory card checksum errors are Exactly what causes them is a separate question The memory card is very simply a programmable memory device with a battery backup The Accu Vote accesses this memory directly If something goes wrong when the Accu Vote is writing new data to the memory card or if the Accu Vote crashes as computers have been known to do and writes to random memory locations then the data on the memory card may be corrupted nasty word I know but it fits All this means is that the data is modified in an unintentional manner This could also happen without an Accu Vote through static discharge or some types of radiation i e old airport scanners cosmic rays There are several mechanisms that we could use to detect this We use the simplest of these which is to treat the data as a series of numbers and store totals of sets of those numbers as separate data known as checksums If the data has been modified without updating the checksums then the checksums will fail to add up The Accu Vote keeps three different types of checksums for three different classes of data These are text counters and precinct The text checksums cover all the titles and names that are used mostly just for printing reports Since the text data does not affect the other operations we check it only occasionally and we allow most operations to continue after a warning The counters and precinct data are considered critical and the Accu Vote is largely inoperable when these checksums fail We do support the option to clear the counters if only they have been affected and then counting may be restarted However there is no way to recover from corruption of the precinct data other than to clear and re download the memory card All checksums are validated upon insertion of a memory card or at power on Thus this is the most common time to detect problems However the counter and precinct checksums are validated every time a new ballot is scanned If an error is detected counting is aborted Now to Lana s questions The above should answer everything other than why erroneous data managed to upload I see two possible explanations One is that the data was corrupted after the checksums were validated In this case the errors would show the next time the checksums were checked The other possibility is the miniscule chance that the erroneous data managed to add up to the correct checksum The checksums are stored as totals ranging from 0 to 65535 so the chance of this happening are less than 60 000 to 1 just based on that Other factors add to this to make it extremely unlikely However in this case the card would not later show checksum errors So John can you satisfy Lana s request from this I can t without more details Guy John McLaurin wrote Please see below and let me know what you think Tab one of these issues we discussed it s the one were we printed the audit report showing the check sum error and the poll worker restarting the unit Please let me know what you guys think John Original Message From Lana Hires Sent Wednesday January 17 2001 8 07 AM To jmglobal Glanca Cc Deanie Lowe Subject 2000 November Election Hi Nel Sophie Guy you to John I need some answers Our department is being audited by the County I have been waiting for someone to give me an explanation as to why Precinct 216 gave Al Gore a minus 16022 when it was uploaded Will someone please explain this so that I have the information to give the auditor instead of standing here looking dumb I would appreciate an explanation on why the memory cards start giving check sum messages We had this happen in several precincts and one of these precincts managed to get her memory card out of election mode and then back in it continued to read ballots not realizing that the 300 ballots she had read earlier were no longer stored in her memory card Needless to say when we did our hand count this was discovered Any explantations you all can give me will be greatly appreciated Thanks bunches Lana Follow Ups Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From John McLaurin Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From Ken Clark Prev by Date RE AVTS Summary Page Next by Date RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Index es GO BACK TO THREAD CONTENTS NEW MESSAGE Date Prev Date Next Chronological Thread Top RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election To Support Subject RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From John McLaurin Date Thu 18 Jan 2001 14 56 15 0500 Importance Normal In reply to Thanks Guy the pollworker did restart the unit and eventually put the unit back in election mode It did not require redownloading the card Am I missing something in your explanation to understand this John Follow Ups Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From Guy Lancaster Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From Ian S Piper References Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From Guy Lancaster Prev by Date Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Next by Date RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Index es GO BACK TO THREAD CONTENTS NEW MESSAGE Date Prev Date Next Chronological Thread Top RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election To Support Subject RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From Ken Clark Date Thu 18 Jan 2001 14 13 46 0600 Importance Normal In reply to From owner Support mailto owner Support On Behalf Of Guy Lancaster Sent Thursday January 18 2001 1 41 PM Now to Lana s questions The above should answer everything other than why erroneous data managed to upload I see two possible explanations One is that the data was corrupted after the checksums were validated In this case the errors would show the next time the checksums were checked The other possibility is the 60k to 1 chance that the erroneous data managed to add up to the correct checksum My understanding is that the card was not corrupt after or before upload They fixed the problem by clearing the precinct and re uploading the same card So neither of these explainations washes That s not to say I have any idea what actually happened its just not either of those So John can you satisfy Lana s request from this I can t without more details The problem is its going to be very hard to collect enough data to really know what happened The card isn t corrupt so we can t post mortem it its not mort Guy if you can get the exact counter numbers that were uploaded into the races not just president perhaps you could guess the nature of the corruption at least but if I had to bet the numbers were just garbage and you won t be able to tell About the only constructive suggestion I have is to insert a line in the AV upload code to check that candvotes undervotes votefor timescounted If it happens punt That would have at least prevented the embarrassment of negative votes which is really what this is all about Then John can go to Lana and tell her it has never happened before and that it will never happen again Ken References Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From Guy Lancaster Prev by Date RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Next by Date Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Index es GO BACK TO THREAD CONTENTS NEW MESSAGE Date Prev Date Next Chronological Thread Top Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election To Support Subject Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From Guy Lancaster Date Thu 18 Jan 2001 12 23 47 0800 Organization Global Election Systems Inc References John McLaurin wrote Thanks Guy the pollworker did restart the unit and eventually put the unit back in election mode It did not require redownloading the card Am I missing something in your explanation to understand this You re probably missing the same details that I am From Lana s description she is referring to several checksum error events One of them sounds like a simple counter error that could be cleared and restarted I don t think this is the same event as the bad upload Guy References Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From John McLaurin Prev by Date RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Next by Date RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Index es GO BACK TO THREAD CONTENTS NEW MESSAGE Date Prev Date Next Chronological Thread Top RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election To Support Subject RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From Ian S Piper Date Thu 18 Jan 2001 14 35 01 0600 Importance Normal In reply to Steve Ricke has been running tests on a specific unit from Seminole He had a checksum error occur and had the same result of the card resetting to pre election mode and being able to reset for election mode and continue After that one error he has since run thousands of ballots through without a repeat of the error The original audit report for the Seminole corrupted memory card showed that it had experienced the same error when Mickey Martin and company were recounting ballots on November 9 2000 Still testing Below is the sequence of events for this error Hope it helps Ian 1 Ran test using memory card and accu vote Ser 71586 which had been corrupted in Seminole County Florida 2 Ran three 2000 ballot tests in election mode in McKinney 3 Unit failed only once which was during the second 2000 ballot test at about 1300 ballots 4 Message on display Corrupt count see official 5 Pressed YES and NO buttons several seconds each with no change of message 6 Turned unit OFF then ON resulted in Please reinsert memory card message 7 Repeated turning unit OFF then ON with the same message result 8 Reinserted card Power ON message displayed now counter error ok to continue 9 if answered NO returns to Please reinsert memory card message 10 If answered YES then message displayed is Clear counters and recount 11 If answered YES card is reset to pre election mode and displays Test ballots 12 We set card back into election mode Ran another 2000 ballots without failure Will continue to try with other cards and accu votes from other counties Steve Ricke Follow Ups Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From John McLaurin Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From John McLaurin References Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From John McLaurin Prev by Date Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Next by Date RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Index es GO BACK TO THREAD CONTENTS NEW MESSAGE Date Prev Date Next Chronological Thread Top RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election To Support Subject RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From John McLaurin Date Thu 18 Jan 2001 15 44 50 0500 Importance Normal In reply to There are two separate issues problems that are getting combined in this stream a check sum error occurred which the poll worker reset and continued counting the card did not require downloading before be reset She never reran the previously counted ballots and this resulted in some negative PR post election So that is Lana s primary question how did this happen Ken explanation sounds like a good one and will not require a line for VTS if we can ever get to GEMS the negative numbers on media display occurred when Lana attempted to reupload a card or duplicate card Sophia and Tab may be able to shed some light here keeping in mind that the boogie man may me reading our mail Do we know how this could occur Follow Ups Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From Ian S Piper Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From Talbot Iredale References Re Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election From Ian S Piper Prev by Date RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Next by Date RE Memory card checksum errors was 2000 November Election Index es GO BACK TO THREAD CONTENTS NEW MESSAGE Date Prev Date

    Original URL path: http://www.topplebush.com/article15_election.shtml (2016-02-13)
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  • Topplebush.com: A premier collection of articles on Bush and his family, past and present, including many articles on his failures as a businessman and as Governor of TX and President
    he want Americans to know Bush Companies Seized under Trading With the Enemy Act Old news really Really old news Dick Cheney s Business Dealings in Iraq Bush Timeline The sanctions have loopholes our vice president made millions from Carlyle partners who include Baker and the firm s chairman Frank Carlucci Ronald Reagan s defence secretary and a former deputy director of the CIA own stakes that would be worth 180m each if each partner owned an equal slice As in many areas of its work though Carlyle is not obliged to reveal the details and chooses not to Among the defence firms which benefit from Carlyle s success is United Defense a Virginia based contractor which makes vertical missile launch systems currently on board US Navy ships in the Arabian sea as well as a range of other weapons delivery systems and combat vehicles Carlyle s other holdings span an improbable range taking in the French newspaper Le Figaro and the company which bottles Dr Pepper They are big and they are quiet says David Mulholland business editor of Jane s Defense Weekly But they re not easy to get information out of but United Defense are going to do well in the current conflict United also owns Bofors a Swedish munitions manufacturer Carlyle has said that it does not lobby the federal government thus avoiding a conflict of interest when for example Carlucci met Rumsfeld in February when several important defiance contracts were under consideration But critics see that as a matter of definition It should be a deep cause for concern that a closely held company like Carlyle can simultaneously have directors and advisers that are doing business and making money and also advising the president of the United States says Peter Eisner managing director of the Center for Public Integrity a non profit making Washington think tank The problem comes when private business and public policy blend together What hat is former president Bush wearing when he tells Crown Prince Abdullah not to worry about US policy in the Middle East What hat does he use when he deals with South Korea and causes policy changes there Or when James Baker helps argue the presidential election in the younger Bush s favor It s a kitchen cabinet situation and the informality involved is precisely a mark of Carlyle s success The world of private equity is an inherently secretive one Firms such as Carlyle make most of their money buying firms which are not publicly traded overhauling them and selling them at a profit so the process by which likely targets are evaluated is much more confidential than on the open market These firms certainly don t go out of their way to get into the headlines says Steven Bell chief economist at Deutsche Asset Management They d rather make a splash in Institutional Pensions Week The aim is to realize very high returns for your investors while exerting a high degree of control over the

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    over price of spare parts possibly because North had inflated the prices he passed along to the Iranians one of the Beirut hostages Father Lawrence Jenco was released on July 24 1986 The Iranians threatened to kill an American hostage and two Iranians who had helped broker the deal if spare parts were not delivered Vice President Bush met on July 29 in the King David Hotel in Jerusalem with Israeli counter terrorism expert Amiram Nir who provided them with a status report on the Iran arms deal Bush would later describe the meeting as a counter terrorism discussion and review of hostage rescue proposals Al Shiraa a Lebanese publication reported on November 3 1986 that former national security adviser Robert McFarlane had met with Iranian Speaker of Parliament Rafsanjani Quickly the arms sales became the day s leading news story Senior White House advisers met a week later to try to head off the policy disaster but could only agree to say nothing CIA director William Casey and national security adviser Poindexter briefed members of Congress on November 21st In those briefings both men lied about U S involvement in the shipment of HAWK missiles to Iran in 1985 Casey also misrepresented other aspects of the arms sales including the extent of presidential approval and who was running the operation Attorney General Meese advised President Reagan that it would be necessary to develop a consistent summary of the entire matter Meese then called Poindexter s office asking that all relevant documents be compiled Poindexter and North then began to destroy documents including the only known copy of the Finding from December 1985 that identified the arms sales as an arms for hostages deal Investigators also found a copy of North s Release of the American Hostages in Beirut detailing the diversion of funds for support of the contras in Nicaragua Four days later after briefing senior White House advisers including Vice President Bush chief of staff Donald Regan Secretary of State Shultz Secretary of Defense Weinberger and others Attorney General Meese announced the diversion of funds at a press conference and that Poindexter had resigned and North reassigned Bush Involvement On Christmas Eve 1992 having succeeded Ronald Reagan in 1989 then President George Bush committed what is probably his most memorable act in connection with the Iran Contra affair he pardoned former Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger and five other Iran Contra defendants charging that the Independent Counsel was attempting criminalization of policy differences His action represented the first time a President had pardoned someone in whose trial he might have been called as a witness Unfortunately the criminal investigation of Bush himself was not complete The Office of the Independent Counsel had been preoccupied with the investigation and trials of Oliver North and John Poindexter and by the time the investigation had broadened to the point where questioning Bush would have been indicated he had been elected President Bush had acknowledged in December of 1986 and January of

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    its ties to the bin Laden family business the Carlyle Group reportedly no longer does business with the bin Laden conglomerate Yet the Group among other conflicts of interest reportedly has a major business relationship with the Saudi Arabian government which many have criticized for its lack of cooperation in America s war on terrorism and its financial and other support for terrorist attacks on Israel and U S interests It stands to reason as noted in the David Sanger piece in The New York Times today that President Bush consults with his father on issues of the day In a normal situation this would be appropriate but with President Bush s father being effectively an agent of the Saudi Arabian government it raises in the least a conflict of interest problem Questions can be raised for instance if the kid gloves treatment of Saudi Arabia by the Bush Administration has anything to do with his father s financial ties to the Saudi regime Former President Bush would be doing his son and his country a favor by immediately resigning from the Carlyle Group stated Judicial Watch Chairman and General Counsel Larry Klayman Copyright 1997 2002 Judicial Watch Inc Contact Press Office 202 646 5172 Fair Use Notice This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental political economic democratic domestic and international issues etc We believe this constitutes a fair use of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law In accordance with Title 17 U S C Section 107 the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in

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    IDE news chart profile ManTech International MANT news chart profile and upcoming information technology specialist Veridian The 400 million United Defense Industries IPO was the first to debut in the latest salvo of stock debutantes by defense contractors The Carlyle Group purchased a majority stake in United Defense Industries UDI news chart profile in 1997 in the midst of the slowdown in U S military spending following the end of the Cold War When the maker of the Bradley Fighting Vehicle and other military hardware went public in December the IPO debuted at 19 per share and has since risen to more than 26 per share Carlucci owned 45 000 shares at an average insider cost of 4 44 per share according to the company s IPO filings His tidy paper profit of about 1 million doesn t include the added dollar value of whatever his stake is in The Carlyle Group which retained 55 percent or 27 6 million shares of United Defense Industries after the IPO Granted there are lockup periods governing when insiders can sell their shares but in this time of post dot com meltdowns and a mostly barren IPO landscape it s amazing to see that such big profits are still possible New offering In its latest move Carlyle filed a 160 million IPO last Wednesday for U S Marine Repair a Norfolk Va specialist in maintaining and refurbishing Navy ships Although the IPO market may soon tire of all these military deals this one should do fairly well and provide another healthy return for The Carlyle Group mostly because of the underlying strength of the overall sector Carlyle Group spokesman Chris Ullman pointed out that the company purchased both United Defense and U S Marine Repair several years ago when President Clinton was in office Three to five years into an investment Carlyle begins to gauge the most appropriate exit strategy Ullman said The success or failure of an IPO is market driven with investors deciding what is in their best interest Sure it s just good business to buy low and sell high but the Carlyle Group makes it look especially easy with all the insiders they have on their team Such coziness between government and the private sector is not terribly unusual in the defense sector After all President Eisenhower warned of the dangers of the military industrial complex more than 40 years ago Close ties between individuals on one side or the other of the equation are almost unavoidable because the two rely so closely on each other The government needs military hardware for defense and the industry needs to grow business But it s only recently that the IPOs have been deployed in the business mix by the Carlyle Group and others Insofar as the defense IPOs have delivered some lucrative returns both for company insiders and IPO investors they may be positive But they also present new areas of concern for watchdog groups and Congressional oversight committees especially as

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    sure In this particular effort I felt that they were like any other lobbying group apart from the fact that they are not said one Washington D C lobbyist with intimate knowledge of the Crusader negotiations noting the fine line between lobbying and having a drink with a old friend According to Greg McCarthy a spokesperson for Representative J C Watts Jr R Oklahoma whose district is home to one of the Crusader s assembly plants the Carlyle Group s influence was indeed felt at the Pentagon Carlyle s strength was within the DoD because as a rule someone like Frank Carlucci is going to have access says Mr McCarthy But they have other staff types that work behind the scenes in the dark that know everything about the Army and Capitol Hill Perhaps even more disconcerting than Carlyle s ties to the Pentagon are its connections within the White House itself Aside from signing up George Bush Sr shortly after his presidential term ended Carlyle gave George W Bush a job on the board of Texas based airline food caterer Caterair International back in 1991 Since Bush the younger took office this year a number of events have raised eyebrows Shortly after George W Bush was sworn in as president he broke off talks with North Korea regarding long range ballistic missiles claiming there was no way to ensure North Korea would comply with any guidelines that were developed The news came as a shock to South Korean officials who had spent years negotiating with the North assisted by the Clinton administration By June Mr Bush had reopened negotiations with North Korea but only at the urging of his own father According to reports the former president sent his son a memo persuasively arguing the need to work with the North Korean government It was the first time the nation had seen the influence of the father on the son in office But what has been overlooked was Carlyle s business interest in Korea The senior Bush had spearheaded the group s successful entrance into the South Korean market paving the way for buyouts of Korea s KorAm Bank and Mercury a telecommunications equipment company For the business to be successful stability between North Image and South Korea is critical And though there is no direct evidence linking the senior Bush s business dealings in Korea with the change in policy it is the appearance of impropriety that excites the watchdogs We are clearly aware that former President Bush has weighed in on policy toward South Korea and we note that U S policy changed after those communications says Peter Eisner managing director at the Center for Public Integrity a watchdog group in Washington D C which has an active file on the Carlyle Group We know that former President Bush receives remuneration for his work with Carlyle and that he is capable of advising the current president but how much further it goes we don t know While the Center for Public Integrity looks for its smoking gun others in Washington say hard evidence is unimportant Whether the decisions made by the former president are a real or apparent conflict of interest doesn t matter because in the public s eye they re equally as damaging says Larry Noble executive director and general counsel of the Center for Responsive Politics Bush Sr has to seriously consider the propriety of sitting on the board of a group that is impacted by his son s decisions And the controversy is expected only to increase as Carlyle s investments in Saudi Arabia are scrutinized during the war on terrorism Mr Eisner says that very little is known about Carlyle s involvements in Saudi Arabia except that the firm has been making close to 50 million a year training the Saudi Arabian National Guard troops that are sworn to protect the monarchy Carlyle also advises the Saudi royal family on the Economic Offset Program a system that is designed to encourage foreign businesses to open shop in Saudi Arabia and uses re investment incentives to keep those businesses proceeds in the country But the money flowing out of Saudi Arabia and into the Carlyle Group is of even more interest Immediately after the September 11 attacks reports surfaced of Carlyle s involvement with the Saudi Binladin Group the 5 billion construction business run by Osama s half brother Bakr The bin Laden family invested 2 million in the Carlyle Partners II fund which includes in its portfolio United Defense and other defense and aerospace companies On October 26 the Carlyle Group severed its relationship with the bin Laden family in what officials termed a mutual decision Mr Bush Sr and Mr Major have been to Saudi Arabia on behalf of Carlyle as recently as last year and according to reports the Federal Bureau of Investigation is currently looking into the flow of money from the bin Laden family Carlyle officials declined to answer any questions regarding their activities in Saudi Arabia But for all the questions Carlyle has stayed clean in the eyes of the law Lobbying laws in Washington D C are ambiguous at best requiring only that former politicians observe a one year cooling off period before they reënter the lobbying scene on behalf of industry It is playing within this gray area that has given the Carlyle Group some of the best returns in the business After David Rubenstein a former aide in the Carter administration and William Conway Jr former chief financial officer of MCI Communications hooked up at New York s Carlyle hotel in 1987 to form the company the Carlyle Group spent two lost years investing in a hodgepodge of companies It wasn t until 1989 when the company brought in Mr Carlucci fresh off his two year stint as U S secretary of defense that Carlyle got serious in government In 1991 the company made a name for itself by facilitating a 590 million purchase

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    other firms says Rubenstein In fact the number of former government big shots is 12 but who s counting The conspiracy theorists like to imagine that Bush Baker and Major are jetting around the world cutting deals and making money for companies owned by Carlyle but after nearly two dozen interviews with CEOs of current and former Carlyle companies and people familiar with Carlyle s business it seems clear that this really isn t happening What Bush Co actually do is far less pernicious but clearly valuable to Carlyle they help raise money Every year Rubenstein sets up scores of lunches and dinners around the world intended to woo new investors and gratify existing ones As you might imagine people like Bush Baker and Major are a huge draw If you call and say you re doing a dinner with Jim Baker or with George Bush and could they please attend chances are people are going to show up explains a former employee who like all ex Carlyle staffers I talked to didn t want his name used In the mid 90s for instance Baker introduced Rubenstein to members of the royal family in Saudi Arabia and Kuwait since he left Parliament last year Major has been opening doors to big money in Europe and Canada The allure of a former President is particularly irresistible At Carlyle s annual investor meetings CEOs and money managers line up to have their pictures taken with Bush For his camera mugging and speech giving Bush is paid in line with market rates says Rubenstein That would mean about 100 000 per speech so if Bush makes five or six speeches a year as Rubenstein claims then the former President is earning at least 500 000 annually from Carlyle not including the money he makes investing in deals Rubenstein declines to specify which companies Bush has put money into except to say that as a rule they have nothing to do with the U S government There s no doubt that without these stars Carlyle would not have been able to raise as much money as it has The firm s impressive returns and Rubenstein s seemingly inexhaustible energy and willingness to spend 300 days a year traveling have certainly played a role but it s the bigwigs who draw crowds and really leave an impression Their names on Carlyle brochures and their faces at Carlyle events give the firm a patina of power and credibility David s a brilliant fundraiser says a source formerly associated with Carlyle What he s done so masterfully is traffic on the impression that the connections they have from these guys can bring them many valuable deals In the case of Carlucci that impression happens to be true The deals he s brought in total close to 2 billion in profits There were Magnavox and GDE makers of top secret electronics gear and Vought an aircraft parts manufacturer all of which Carlyle bought and sold within two years netting 300 million 109 million and 140 million respectively Carlyle today is mostly associated with the defense industry and one of the things Rubenstein and his partners would like to get across is that they invest in other things too In fact the firm owns stakes in everything from European automotive parts manufacturers to Silicon Valley startups and Japanese DSL companies roughly 25 of its profits last year came from real estate But if you follow the money it leads straight back to defense which is where the greatest chunk of Carlyle s profits have come from Today defense accounts for about 10 of the firm s total investments but in the early days it was 60 The firm s biggest score to date also involved a military contractor United Defense which went public in November turning Carlyle s 130 million investment into 900 million But the story of United Defense s latest coup also shows why Carlyle will probably never be seen as just another shrewd investment firm Last spring when United Defense was feverishly pitching the Crusader one of its new products to the Department of Defense Jacques Gansler then in charge of acquisitions at the Pentagon got a call from across the Potomac It was Frank Carlucci and according to Gansler he wanted to know how Gansler felt about the Crusader a controversial self propelled artillery system that many inside the Pentagon felt was out of sync with plans for a lighter more mobile Army I think he Carlucci wanted to make sure I was personally involved and that it wasn t going to be one of these things that got pushed down the bowels of the system says Gansler who has known Carlucci since the Reagan Administration and occasionally sees him at D C social events As it turned out Gansler was no fan of the Crusader and told Carlucci as much ending that conversation But Gansler thinks that had he been a fan Carlucci definitely would have wanted to make sure I was involved It wasn t the first time Carlucci had had a conversation with a member of the Pentagon brass on behalf of a Carlyle company In the early 90s when Carlyle owned GDE Carlucci drove over to Bethesda Md and met with among others Major General Raymund O Mara who was head of the Defense Department s Defense Mapping Agency then a big GDE customer Carlucci acknowledges both conversations but asserts that neither constitutes lobbying In O Mara s case he points out that GDE already had business from the mapping agency in the case of Gansler Carlucci says his call did nothing to advance the Crusader s cause Nor he says did any of his interactions with Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld during that time The two men have known each other since their days on Princeton s wrestling team The Rumsfelds have been to the Carluccis for dinner and on several occasions have offered their ski house in Taos N

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