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  • upi-4-14-00
    of all Americans and their allies civilian or military We with God s help call on every Muslim who believes in God and wishes to be rewarded to comply with God s order to kill the Americans and plunder their money wherever and whenever they find it We also call on Muslim ulema leaders youths and soldiers to launch the raid on Satan s U S troops and the devil s supporters allying with them and to displace those who are behind them so that they may learn a lesson states the fatwa In its original incarnation al Jihad was believed to be responsible for the 1981 assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat Al Jihad has split into two factions one of them controlled by al Zawahiri The group has not conducted an attack inside Egypt since 1993 according to the State Department Al Zawahiri 49 was born in Giza Egypt according to a White House declaration in 1995 that identified him as a terrorist He was reported to have participated in a planning meeting of Hezzbollah a pro Iranian group in Lebanon to set up attacks on U S interests on all continents He is also reported to be behind Islamic terrorist operations in Bosnia with U S and international peacekeepers his primary target Al Hayat a London based Arabic newspaper reported last year that al Zawahiri had vowed to take revenge on the United States for its support of Israel its ongoing war with Iraq and its military presence in the Middle East According to intelligence sources Bin Ladin s failing health makes it impossible for him to continue overseeing his organization the Islamic Salvation Foundation or al Qaida Dubbed by President Clinton the pre eminent organizer and financier of international terrorism in the world today and on

    Original URL path: http://twa800.com/news/upi-4-14-00.htm (2016-02-13)
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  • newsday-4-14-00
    BY Sylvia Adcock STAFF WRITER EDITION ALL EDITIONS Lawyers for Boeing and TWA told a federal judge yesterday that they wanted to begin settlement talks to try to resolve more than 200 lawsuits filed by families of people killed in

    Original URL path: http://twa800.com/news/newsday-4-14-00.htm (2016-02-13)
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  • Hall-7-10-97
    few weeks We also have in progress additional laboratory tests at Wright Patterson involving fuel system components from TWA flight 800 Fuel quantity indicating system This scenario involves the potential for an electrical short circuit in an airplane wire bundle outside the tank that leads to a spark or overheating and ignition from a fuel quantity indication probe or compensator in the center fuel tank We have examined the recovered portions of fuel probes from the center tank the fuel pump cockpit switches and other fuel system components in our laboratories and in the Wright Laboratory We have conducted tests of exemplar fuel quantity probes at the Lear Siegler factory in Seattle Washington to determine whether an electrical short circuit could be passed into the tank as an ignition source We have also examined the wires wire bundles and wire conduits recovered from the TWA flight 800 wreckage No 3 fuel tank electrical conduit This scenario is related to a known history of deterioration of wires in an aluminum conduit that passes through the No 3 fuel tank The scenario involves the potential for a spark leading to ignition of vapor in the fuel tank vent tubes and the flame propagating to the center fuel tank Examination of the wreckage has so far proved inconclusive but this work continues I will discuss shortly a flight test that will contain instrumentation to examine this theory Small explosive charge This scenario involves the possibility that a small explosive charge detonated near the center fuel tank could lead to ignition of the fuel air vapors In August 1996 we learned about the availability at Brunthingthorpe in the United Kingdom of a retired Boeing 747 that was to be used for baggage container explosive hardening tests being conducted by the FAA and the Defense Evaluation and Research Administration of the U K This test was part of the research engendered by the bombing of Pan American flight 103 in 1988 We joined this effort to record and identify the sound spectral signatures of explosives when recorded on the cockpit voice recorder system In late July and early August we will conduct additional tests on the Brunthingthorpe airplane These will involve setting off small explosive charges in selected locations around the center wing tank to determine the damage that results and to make comparisons with the wreckage of TWA flight 800 If the center tank is not damaged significantly during those tests we plan to conduct a full scale fuel air explosion test High speed particle penetration This scenario involves the possibility that a high speed fragment from a meteorite space debris or missile warhead could penetrate the center fuel tank and cause ignition In cooperation with the FBI we have conducted tests and examinations of the wreckage to determine if a high speed fragment may have penetrated the center fuel tank and provided an ignition source Test plates of aluminum were subjected to high speed penetration of various size particles and these specimens were compared to more than 150 holes found in the structures of TWA flight 800 Experts from Brookhaven Laboratories on Long Island assisted in this work as did experts from the Naval Weapons Center at China Lake California To date we have found no evidence of high speed particle penetrations however that work continues Determination of Conditions under which fuel air vapors in fuel tanks are explosive and the minimum energy needed to ignite the vapors Besides the work to determine possible ignition scenarios we have been conducting numerous tests and more are planned to better understand the flammability and explosive potential of Jet A fuel I need to point out that very little is known about the composition and characteristics of Jet A fuel despite its use for many years We need to understand the characteristics of the fuel to evaluate its susceptibility to ignition and to understand the propogation of the explosion that caused the accident For example we would like to determine where the ignition took place in the center tank how it propogated and how the environmental conditions affected the event If we can learn that we might be closer to determining what the ignition source was and we can develop more definitive corrective actions both mechanical and environmental We have met with specialists from throughout the world to assist us in this effort We recently leased a Boeing 747 for flight tests The airplane has been instrumented with temperature and pressure sensors and vapor sampling equipment to provide a detailed characterization of the environment in the center tank and the rest of the fuel system It will be flown from JFK International Airport in the next day or two to determine the temperature profile and chemical composition of the fuel air mixture in the center tank under conditions similar to those of TWA 800 We are being assisted by the University of Denver and we trust that the data gathered from these flight tests will bring us closer to our goals of determining the cause of the accident and developing accident prevention measures We have been conducting tests at CalTech and the University of Nevada at Reno to determine the chemical characteristics of Jet A fuel under a variety of conditions These tests include measurements of explosive temperatures pressures minimum ignition energy and fuel vapor composition We recently obtained fuel samples from Athens Greece to compare with samples taken from an airplane that has flown from Athens to JFK Those samples will also be examined to determine if the characteristics of the fuel change during flight Of course we had analyzed fuel samples from both JFK and Athens immediately after the accident Once we have determined the chemical composition of the fuel air vapor we plan to conduct scale model tank explosion tests assisted by experts from CalTech and other laboratories We have already conducted small scale explosion tests using a single chamber test vessel Because the Boeing 747 center fuel tank is a more complex

    Original URL path: http://twa800.com/news/hall-7-10-97.htm (2016-02-13)
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  • Kallstrom-7-10-97
    two primary criminal theories that the destruction of Flight 800 was the result of a bomb placed on the aircraft or a missile fired at it The FBI s investigation has been one of the most massive thorough sophisticated and costly ever conducted by our agency The FBI has expended tens of thousands of hours of Agent resources participating in body recovery operations wreckage recovery storage and scientific examination and analysis by FBI scientists as well as outside experts Part of this effort has been the largest reconstruction of an aircraft ever undertaken To date the FBI has conducted over seven thousand interviews Our investigation has included interviews of ground crews and mechanics in New York and Athens passengers and crew who were on the flight from Athens to New York that preceded Flight 800 hundreds of witnesses on Long Island and surrounding areas witnesses on other aircraft who observed the explosion and military personnel a review of information available from intelligence assets tracking of all air and water borne vessels in the area at the time of the explosion followed by appropriate interviews and tracing of all reports of stolen boats stolen motor vehicles and suspicious incidents during the period of time preceding and after the tragedy In short our investigative efforts have been exhaustive All of our efforts to date have failed to uncover any credible evidence that the loss of Flight 800 was the result of a criminal act Let me again reiterate something I told the Committee in the briefing several months ago and what I have also stated publicly Flight 800 was definitely not brought down by friendly fire that is no missile or any other action by the military and naval forces of the United States caused this tragedy We continue to examine the possibility that the aircraft was destroyed by a bomb a terrorist missile or other criminal act Each day we move closer to completing leads and other lines of inquiry seeking to close out theories and resolve the questions of possible criminal activity We have not reached the end of our investigative process and the theories of a bomb or terrorist missile along with the possibility of mechanical failure are still on the board Barring some new disclosure or information we are now in the final phase of our investigation We have several lines of inquiry or action items left to complete so that we can ensure we have covered every base and that the families of the victims and the American people will be confident that our ultimate determination is based on the most thorough exhaustive and finest investigative effort that the FBI can produce For example we have identified catalogued and are conducting a close scientific examination and analysis of almost 200 holes slits punctures or penetrations identified in the reconstructed areas of the aircraft We expect that the metallurgical analysis and our other remaining leads may be completed as early as 60 to 90 days from today However

    Original URL path: http://twa800.com/news/kallstrom-7-10-97.htm (2016-02-13)
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  • Hearing-7-10-97
    to attack civilian airliners While many experts believe Flight 800 was out of the range of the American made Stinger missile there are some foreign surface to air missiles that reportedly have the capability of shooting a plane at 13 800 feet One of these missiles that has been mentioned is the French made Mistral The Mistral has been sold to Egypt and Saudi Arabia countries with growing Islamic fundamentalist

    Original URL path: http://twa800.com/news/hearing-7-10-97.htm (2016-02-13)
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  • NYT-5-14-00
    the idea that terrorists had managed to take down an American airplane not in some distant country but over American soil As Negroni points out the sometimes chaotic way in which the authorities disseminated information didn t help Confusion and conflict often reigned behind the scenes where investigators and politicians wrestled with TWA representatives and each other for information and for control The tin kickers as the transportation safety board s aviation detectives are known distrusted the secretive ways of the F B I agents assigned to the case the F B I men considered their aviation counterparts nave The victims families were caught in the middle Negroni describes with terrifying detail the horrors that must have been experienced by the passengers as the plane disintegrated around them at an altitude of two and a half miles Many burned and torn apart were killed instantly they she says were the lucky ones Their relatives lived for weeks in a Long Island hotel while waiting for their loved ones remains to be identified To forensic specialists the delays while regrettable made sense pressure to release the bodies was at odds with the need to conduct a thorough investigation Meanwhile the missile theory gained publicity and support most visibly from Pierre Salinger the press secretary for President John F Kennedy on talk shows and the Internet Negroni quickly disposes of it however What the missile theorists call the most persuasive piece of evidence radar data from a ground tracking station supposedly showing a projectile striking the plane turns out to be in the words of one specialist twinkles that pop up and go away like snow on a television set While this drama plays on without the tin kickers go about their business within quite literally We accompany them into the bowels of the 747 s living room size center fuel tank where they search for clues to the source of the explosion By this time weeks after the crash they have come to believe that something created a tiny spark so small that you would not have felt it on your skin inside the near empty tank igniting a volatile mixture of air and fuel vapors But tests on one suspicious component after another fail to yield answers The black boxes the onboard data and voice recorders recovered from the ocean floor are maddeningly vague As the investigation drags on first one year then two the tin kickers are still searching for a source of ignition Finally a likely culprit emerges the insulation on some of the wiring used in Boeing airplanes is faulty a fact that one industry gadfly has been warning about for years The insulation is prone to decay and can cause faulty instrument readings an onboard fuel gauge behaved erratically minutes before the crash or sparks We also learn that Boeing has used the center fuel tanks of its airplanes as heat absorbers for the air conditioning units located directly below This disclosure stuns the investigators the

    Original URL path: http://twa800.com/news/nyt-5-14-00.htm (2016-02-13)
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  • hull-5-16-00
    television set I have had the privilege of speaking with some of the eyewitnesses to the TWA 800 disaster I also have had numerous contacts with Major Meyer who was in the first helicopter to over fly the crash scene and who was a major witness for the NTSB In the attached document Major Meyer s information on the radar data to which you refer is is not consistent with the characterization Twinkles that pop up and go away Recently the NTSB released all 755 FBI interviews with the eyewitnesses In the attached article I have summarized their comments and observations and I have connected their observations to some of the physical evidence which you mentioned in your review The eyewitness testimony is not consistent with the statement that the tin kickers have come to believe that something created a tiny spark so small that you would not have felt it on your skin Indeed the eyewitnesses are able to explain how a beam from the rear of the aircraft ended up embedded in the cockpit I would greatly appreciate your professional comment on the attached document as an expert on the TWA 800 crash Should you wish to access

    Original URL path: http://twa800.com/news/hull-5-16-00.htm (2016-02-13)
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  • AP-5-17-00
    Osama bin Laden the man responsible for the 1998 bombings at our embassies in Tanzania and Kenya which cost the lives of Americans and hundreds of Africans Clinton said Shortly after the plan was uncovered a Customs agent in Seattle discovered bombmaking materials being smuggled into the United States Clinton said the same material used by bin Laden in other places It was the president s most extensive discussion of bin Laden s activities Bin Laden a Saudi exile believed to be in Afghanistan is among 17 people charged in a federal indictment with conspiracy to kill Americans in the embassy bombing cases Six are in custody in the United States and three overseas Clinton was making the point that the new Coast Guard graduates will face a range of threats to America s security from terrorism to smuggling to the spread of disease Today and for the forseeable tomorrows we and especially you will face a fateful struggle between forces of integration and harmony and the forces of disintegration and chaos Clinton said Technology can be a servant of either side or ironically both he said By tradition the president speaks at graduation ceremonies for one of the four

    Original URL path: http://twa800.com/news/ap-5-17-00.htm (2016-02-13)
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