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  • It’s Time To Make Ourselves Conspicuous
    few The lack of funding that faces our industry can be synthesized to one common problem We re too inconspicuous Water and wastewater infrastructure for the most part is located underground or in facilities away from the general population and unfortunately when it comes to funding being out of sight often equates to being out of mind It is critical that the stakeholders within our industry manufacturers contractors engineers utilities and municipalities work together to make ourselves conspicuous There are many avenues to secure increased funding and we need to explore each of them and lend our support when possible For example at the federal level several programs and bills deserve our attention In addition to traditional federal funding for the U S EPA state revolving fund SRF loan programs we now have the Water Infrastructure Finance Innovation Act WIFIA signed into law last year to authorize funding for large projects The Authority created by this act is charged with helping our industry find ways to take advantage of public private partnerships to finance projects This surely is a precursor to how the government will be working increasingly with the private sector with regard to the operation of water and wastewater infrastructure Introduced in 2015 and under consideration by Congressional Committees this year were the Sustainable Water Infrastructure Investment Act H R 499 which would remove the state volume caps for private activity bonds PABs related to water and wastewater projects and could free up almost 5 billion each year to fund water and wastewater projects the Partnership to Build America Act H R 413 which would establish an American Infrastructure Fund capitalized by 50 billion in bond sales and the Rebuild America Act of 2015 S 268 which would invest 14 billion each year for water and wastewater infrastructure In addition to federal funding possibilities state and local funding programs are critical The problem there often comes down to priorities In most areas water and wastewater are not flashy political vote getters as are new schools or public safety programs Dedicated funds are one possible way to protect much needed capital dollars For example at the state level Texas s Proposition 6 approved by voters in 2013 allocated 2 billion from the state s 6 1 billion Economic Stabilization Fund also known as its Rainy Day Fund to provide more affordable financing to local and regional water projects such as desalination plants pipelines and reservoir creation This money will not be used directly as loans or grants rather it will be used to subsidize the cost of loans with the state expecting to sell 8 billion of bonds over the next 10 years At this time the Texas Water Development Board has received about two dozen applications from municipalities seeking funding for projects Within the next several weeks the board will choose which applications will receive support At the local level the creation of enterprise funds has proved successful in protecting water and wastewater user fees from being appropriated

    Original URL path: http://www.wateronline.com/doc/it-s-time-to-make-ourselves-conspicuous-0001 (2016-02-14)
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  • More Wastewater Industry Features Documents on Water Online
    video documents the advantages water utilities and distributors have when sourcing service brass from Mueller 9M Renovation Of Secondary Municipal Wastewater Treatment Facility 7 1 2015 Pangnirtung is an Inuit hamlet in the Canadian territory of Nunavut located on Baffin Island Fredericton based integrator exp Services Inc was selected for the nine million dollar renovation of Pangnirtung s secondary municipal wastewater treatment facility They chose VTScada for the brand new Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition SCADA system which gives the operators the ability to monitor and control the plant receive alarms and notifications view historical data trends and report Cloud Based Remote Monitoring For The Utility 10 19 2015 In today s connected world remote monitoring of water or wastewater system assets is available to any size of utility As enterprise systems for the large cities continue to evolve in their complexity nimble cloud based solutions where the data is housed outside of the utility are offering an affordable monitoring platform to smaller cities and distribution networks Addressing Chronic Flooding In Texas 6 18 2015 The city of El Paso TX lies on the tip of the Chihuahuan desert and it is not uncommon for a year s worth of rain to occur in a matter of days during the summer Quick Response Maintenance Team Minimizes Cost And Impact Of Pump Outage 3 1 2015 When water makes contact with the electrical controls in a wastewater treatment plant the results can be costly and the response can test a plant s major service supplier VTScada Device Driver Library Datasheet 3 3 2015 VTScada provides maximum flexibility when choosing monitoring and control devices by supporting most industry standard and even many proprietary I O protocols Contact us if you don t see the driver you want as we can create new

    Original URL path: http://www.wateronline.com/hub/bucket/wastewater-regulation-original-content (2016-02-14)
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  • Has Fracking Gone ‘Green’
    IHS the U S market opportunity for water management in oil and gas O G is expected to grow from its current 8 billion status to 38 billion by 2022 with 11 2 billion tied directly to fracking Shale gas plays aren t as plentiful or mature in the researchers home base of Canada but shale formations in Alberta show considerable potential for the future Advanced Technology Simple System The system features a modular design allowing for operational flexibility and off the shelf use but it also represents a technology breakthrough It generates its products desalinated reusable water and marketable chemicals through novel utilization of ion selective membranes and electric chemical concentration differential The technology seeks to replace current desalination methods such as evaporation and reverse osmosis which are energy intensive do not create a commercial byproduct and only contribute to GHGs Environmental Impact The U S EPA cites well documented air quality impacts in areas with active natural gas development with data supported by the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program In 2012 the Petroleum and Natural Gas Systems Sector reported a total of 217 million metric tons of CO2e or carbon dioxide equivalent units On the water side the EPA is in the midst of a comprehensive study on fracking s impact on water resources and while there is certain controversy around the impact on water quality the impact on quantity is much easier to perceive Even Halliburton a sure proponent of hydraulic fracturing reports that fracking consumes vast amounts of water typically millions of gallons for every well drilled In areas such as Texas home to both thousands of fracking wells and extreme drought water stress is a major concern Professor David Wilkinson leader of the UBC research team predicts that this new innovation if widely adopted in Alberta

    Original URL path: http://www.wateronline.com/doc/has-fracking-gone-green-0001 (2016-02-14)
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  • How To Fix High pH And Comply With The Clean Water Act
    Automation Source Water All Source Water Contamination Desalination Water Scarcity Water Reuse Regulations and Legislation Providers YSI a Xylem brand Hach Company Schneider Electric Neptune Technology Group Inc Evoqua Water Technologies Veolia Water Solutions Technologies ABB Measurement Products Aclara Jacobi Carbons Endress Hauser Inc KROHNE Inc Kaeser Compressors Inc Emerson Process Management Rosemount Analytical Degremont Technologies Brentwood Industries View All Providers White Paper February 19 2014 How To Fix High pH And Comply With The Clean Water Act Source Fortrans Inc When the Clean Water Act was enacted one of the intentions of this legislation was to reduce the untreated industrial waste water burden on publically owned waste water treatment plants POTW so that industrial wastewater would only load the treatment plant to the same extent as ordinary household sanitary waste Industrial facilities that generated process wastewater had to begin pre treatment of the water before it could be returned to the local POTW They had to test for heavy metals chemical oxygen demand biological oxygen demand pH solvents and other chemicals that were contained in the waste water stream and then treat to ensure removal of the contaminants The Act also established limits on water discharged to the environment

    Original URL path: http://www.wateronline.com/doc/how-to-fix-high-ph-and-comply-with-the-clean-water-act-0001 (2016-02-14)
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  • Fracking Wastewater Recycling System Combines Four Technologies In One
    to treat very high volumes of water in a very small footprint While other companies have used two or three of the four technologies that make up the Ozonix system in conjunction Ecosphere Technologies pioneered the concept of combining all four They hold six patents on the various components of the Ozonix system When hydraulic fracking which requires a large amount of water first starting becoming a trend we saw the growing need for this type of technology said Robert Cathey CEO of Fidelity National Environmental Solutions a partner company of Ecosphere that was created to deploy the Ozonix technology in the oil and gas industry Our goal has always been to find unique solutions that improve environmental sustainability Ozonix benefits the environment on multiple levels It eliminates the need for tanker trucks to haul away flowback and produced water the need for injection wells which have been linked to earthquakes and the need to use clean water resources as fracturing fluid particularly important in areas dealing with water scarcity It is also cuts out the need for liquid chemical biocides to manage microbial growth as the fracturing fluid produced by the Ozonix process is bacteria free and scale free The system is completely mobile and can process up to 3 300 gallons per minute directly at oil and gas production sites There is no secondary waste byproduct and no additional treatment is needed Most water treatment technologies in the oil and gas space are used at offsite locations to treat the produced water but we treat 100 percent of the water volume going down the hole at the well site explained McGuire So our customers can reuse a lot of their recycled fluid in real time at the well site Produced water shown before and after going through the Ozonix system How It Works The Ozonix system can be scaled up or down for use with various sized operations Depending on the amount of water that needs to be disinfected customers can choose from a trailer based system a frac tank based system or a small system housed in a 10 by 8 portable container All three system configurations run the produced water through all four disinfection technologies starting with ozone which has the ability to oxidize a wide range of pollutants including bacteria and heavy metals Ozone purifies water significantly faster than chlorine penetrating cell walls and breaking bacteria cells apart Following ozone treatment the water is further disinfected through hydrodynamic cavitation a physiochemical process that raises water temperatures to over 900 degrees F to create a cavitating bubble This causes a sonochemical reaction to occur which converts the ozone into hydroxyl radicals Next the water is treated using acoustic cavitation This is a similar process to hydrodynamic cavitation except acoustic cavitation uses sound waves to produce localized hot spots that raise water temperatures to over 6000 degrees K The process is extremely effective at removing biofilms because it decreases the tensile stress of water which causes the

    Original URL path: http://www.wateronline.com/doc/fracking-wastewater-recycling-system-combines-four-technologies-in-one-0001 (2016-02-14)
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  • Technology Qualification Of Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors For Deoxygenation Of Low Salinity Water For Polymer Flooding
    Metering Asset Management Consumer Outreach Funding Labor Resiliency SCADA Automation Source Water All Source Water Contamination Desalination Water Scarcity Water Reuse Regulations and Legislation Providers YSI a Xylem brand Hach Company Schneider Electric Neptune Technology Group Inc Evoqua Water Technologies Veolia Water Solutions Technologies ABB Measurement Products Aclara Jacobi Carbons Endress Hauser Inc KROHNE Inc Kaeser Compressors Inc Emerson Process Management Rosemount Analytical Degremont Technologies Brentwood Industries View All Providers Article November 5 2013 Technology Qualification Of Liqui Cel Membrane Contactors For Deoxygenation Of Low Salinity Water For Polymer Flooding Contact The Supplier Polymer flooding using low salinity water has been shown to improve oil reservoir recovery rates by altering the reservoir characteristic from an oil wet state to a water wet state It has also been shown to be cost competitive with other Enhanced Oil Recovery EOR processes The combined cost savings and increased recovery rate have prompted a lot of attention in the polymer flooding process with low salinity water in recent years However as with any offshore water flooding process dissolved oxygen in the injection water may cause unwanted effects to the reservoir such as souring and bacteria growth Therefore it is common practice to remove oxygen from water before injection In cases where polymers are added oxygen removal is critical to prevent a reduction in the polymer s effectiveness Weight can also be a critical factor for offshore installations especially on existing platforms If no vacuum tower or similar equipment is already in place on the platform a deaeration process must be installed For these reasons RO Solutions was asked to evaluate the feasibility of using Liqui Cel Membrane Contactors in an offshore polymer flooding plant before the design was finalized 3M Industrial Business Group Membranes Business Unit Contact The Supplier Contact Details Company Profile MORE

    Original URL path: http://www.wateronline.com/doc/technology-qualification-of-liquicel-membrane-contactors-for-deoxygenation-of-low-salinity-water-for-polymer-flooding-0001 (2016-02-14)
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  • Water Management For Fracking Evolves
    supplies increasingly at risk tighter regulations emerging in key states and costs of trucking and disposal on the rise alternative strategies such as water treatment and reuse are expected to increase substantially A new report from Bluefield Research forecasts water treatment and reuse to increase from 14 percent of total produced and flowback water in 2014 to 27 percent by 2020 Over the same period wastewater treatment spending for fracking is expected to grow almost three fold from 138 million to 357 million Water for Fracking Demand and Management Market in U S Source Bluefield Research State Regulators At Center Of Water For Fracking Policy State level policies remain the key driver for water treatment and reuse providing limits on wastewater disposal and clarity into how wastewater can be transported and transferred For example in Pennsylvania where state policymakers in 2010 placed discharge limits on wastewater from unconventional oil and gas operations statewide treatment and reuse rates for the Marcellus Basin soared from 23 percent in 2010 to 90 percent in 2014 More recently policies have been proposed in Texas where the state s Railroad Commission has mandated increased monitoring and testing for seismic activity and well integrity Arkansas regulators already banned wastewater disposal at injection wells 1 200 square miles around a fault line due to concerns that wastewater disposal was causing earthquakes Treatment Reuse Solutions Becoming Cost Competitive With Trucking Disposal Water treatment and service providers are bridging the cost gap in some shale plays with water reuse costs as much as 15 percent lower than those of trucking and disposal According to Bluefield s new report well operators that employ treatment and reuse solutions spend on average 8 80 per barrel of water used compared to 10 20 per barrel of water trucked and injected into wells although cost comparisons are site specific While treatment and reuse present compelling cost gains on average there is still not a one size fits all treatment solution for fracking This has been a major obstacle to widespread adoption Solutions providers are still ascending a steep learning curve to consistently treat the variable wastewaters that a single fracking well is capable of producing However recent demonstration deployments from an emerging group of pure play technology providers will provide a vote of confidence as operators look for reliable solutions that can cost effectively treat wastewater of variable qualities over the life of a well New Companies And Business Models Emerge In response to new challenges in water management for fracking a number of companies have entered the market and made significant investments to expand their water service portfolios This has created a highly fragmented competitive landscape with nearly 60 key companies active in the U S fracking industry s water management segment Bluefield categorizes these companies in three market segments pure play water service providers energy service providers and key technology providers Pure play water service providers possess the greatest share of treatment and reuse deployment across key shale plays These companies

    Original URL path: http://www.wateronline.com/doc/water-management-for-fracking-evolves-0001 (2016-02-14)
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  • Water and Wastewater Solutions For The Oil and Gas Industry Documents on Water Online
    Comply With The Clean Water Act 2 19 2014 When the Clean Water Act was enacted one of the intentions of this legislation was to reduce the untreated industrial waste water burden on publically owned waste water treatment plants POTW so that industrial wastewater would only load the treatment plant to the same extent as ordinary household sanitary waste Industrial facilities that generated process wastewater had to begin pre treatment of the water before it could be returned to the local POTW Fracking Wastewater Recycled In Four Innovative Steps 5 14 2014 Florida based company Ozonix developed a new chemical free system that uses four disinfection technologies to treat and recycle flowback and produced water for use as fracturing fluid Technology Qualification Of Liqui Cel Membrane Contactors For Deoxygenation Of Low Salinity Water For Polymer Flooding 11 5 2013 Polymer flooding using low salinity water has been shown to improve oil reservoir recovery rates by altering the reservoir characteristic from an oil wet state to a water wet state It has also been shown to be cost competitive with other Enhanced Oil Recovery EOR processes The combined cost savings and increased recovery rate have prompted a lot of attention in the polymer flooding process with low salinity water in recent years Water Management For Fracking Evolves 11 19 2014 To date the bulk of analysis on the U S fracking industry has largely centered on well counts and oil and gas production Monitor Your Pump For Process Efficiency 10 11 2012 Pumps are all too frequently one of the most overlooked and abused pieces of equipment in process automation yet nothing moves without them and a process becomes inefficient when they don t operate properly or completely shutdown By Jim Delee Sr Member Technical Staff Fluid Components International Sun Activated

    Original URL path: http://www.wateronline.com/hub/bucket/water-and-wastewater-solutions-for-the-oil-and-gas-industry (2016-02-14)
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